1. #1
    Unregistered Guest

    Age limit for reserved categories for appointment in Jammu and Kashmir?

    what should be the upper age limit of the candidates for govt jobs in jammu and kashmir state

  2. #2
    ravikanth2027 is offline Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2012
    Location
    siddipet
    Posts
    446

    Re: Age limit for reserved categories for appointment in Jammu and Kashmir?

    1
    Government of Jammu and Kashmir
    General Administration Department
    (Services) Civil Secretariat,
    Jammu
    Notification
    Jammu, 1st December, 2008
    SRO‐ 387. In exercise of the powers conferred by the proviso to
    section 124 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir, the Governor
    hereby makes the following rules for the conduct of combined
    competitive examinations by the Public Service Commission, namely:‐
    1. Short title and application.‐ (1) These rules may be called the
    Jammu and Kashmir Combined Competitive Examination Rules, 2008.
    (2) These rules shall apply to the conduct of combined
    competitive examination by Public Service Commission for direct
    recruitment to the following services:‐
    (i) Junior Scale of J&K Administrative Service.
    (ii) J&K Police (Gazetted) Service.
    (iii) J&K Accounts (Gazetted) Service.
    2. Definitions.– In these rules unless the context otherwise requires:
    (a) “available vacancies” mean the vacancies available in the direct
    recruitment quota of the services mentioned in rule 1 to be
    filled on the basis of combined competitive examination;
    (b) “Commission” means the Jammu and Kashmir Public Service
    Commission;
    (c) “Examination” means the combined competitive examination
    for recruitment to the direct recruitment posts of the services
    specified in rule 1;
    (d) “Fee” means the fee which may be charged by the Commission
    from a candidate for the Preliminary/ Main Examination;
    (e) “Government” means Government of Jammu and Kashmir;
    (f) “list” means the list of candidates prepared on the basis of
    merit in the examination for the various services and posts.
    2
    Explanation:‐ Candidates shall be allotted to various services
    and posts keeping in view their merit in the examination and
    the preferences expressed by them for various services and
    posts;
    (g) “Preference” means preference, for being selected for a service
    or posts for which examination is being held under these rules,
    in the order in which these are mentioned by the candidate in
    the application form prescribed by the Commission;
    (h) “rules” means the Jammu and Kashmir Combined Competitive
    Examination Rules, 2008;
    (i) “State” means the Jammu and Kashmir State.
    3. Duration of examinations.‐ The examination shall be held at such
    intervals as the Government may in consultation with the Commission
    from time to time determine, but at least once in a calendar year
    unless there are good and sufficient reasons for not doing so.
    4. Conduct of Examination.‐ The examination shall be conducted by
    the Commission in accordance with the provisions of Jammu and
    Kashmir Public Service Commission (Conduct of Examination) Rules,
    2005.
    5. Conditions of eligibility:‐ In order to be eligible to compete in the
    examination, a candidate must satisfy the following conditions,
    namely;‐
    (i) that he is a permanent resident of the State;
    (ii) that he has attained the age of 21 years but not attained the
    age of 30 years on 1st January of the year in which
    notification inviting applications is issued by the Commission:
    Provided that in case of a candidate belonging to
    Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/Other Backward Classes
    or holding a civil post in the State in a substantive capacity or
    a temporary post continuously for at least three years, the
    upper age limit shall be 32 years;
    Provided further that the upper age limit for physically
    challenged candidates shall be relaxable by three years over
    and above the prescribed limit;
    3
    Provided also that for good and sufficient reasons, to be
    recorded in writing, the Government may prescribe for any
    particular examination any other upper age limit for open
    category and reserved category candidates.
    (iii) that he holds, notwithstanding anything to the contrary
    contained in the recruitment rules of various services and
    posts mentioned in rule (1), a Bachelor’s degree of a
    recognized University in India or of a foreign University
    declared by Government in consultation with the
    Commission to be equivalent to the degree of a recognized
    Indian University:
    Provided that candidates who have appeared in any
    examination for such degree from any such University the
    passing of which would render them eligible to appear in the
    examination but the results of their examination has not
    been declared, shall be allowed to appear in the preliminary
    examination. All such candidates who are declared qualified
    by the Commission for taking the Combined Competitive
    (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of
    passing the requisite examination with their application for
    the Main Examination failing which such candidates shall not
    be admitted to the Main Examination;
    Provided further that in respect of candidate for J&K
    Police (Gazetted) Service, the candidate should possess the
    following physical standards also, namely:‐
    I. For Males:
    (a) Height: 5′‐6″
    (b) Chest girth unexpanded: 32″
    (c) Chest girth expanded: 33 ½″
    II. For Females:
    (a) Height: 5′‐2″
    4
    III. For candidates from Leh/ Kargil
    a. For Males:
    (i) Height : 5′‐4″
    (ii) Chest girth unexpanded: 32″
    (iii) Chest girth expanded: 33 ½″
    b. For Females:
    (i) Height: 5′
    Provided also the candidate(s) already holding a civil post in the
    State shall submit their application through Head of Office with an
    advance copy of the application directly to Commission and in case
    the Commission receives an intimation withholding permission from
    the employer in respect of a candidate who has applied for, or is
    appearing in the Combined Competitive Examination, his/her
    application shall be rejected and candidature cancelled. Such a
    candidate may, however, be allowed to appear in the examination as
    fresh candidate subject to the condition that the said candidate is
    otherwise eligible under rules.
    Explanation:‐ The expression “Civil post in the State” mentioned
    above will include a post in the High Court of J&K, the State
    Legislature, the corporations, wholly or partly owned by the State
    Government and Autonomous Bodies in the State.
    6. Documents to be furnished by the candidates.‐ Besides furnishing
    the documents that may be required by the Commission, the
    applications for the main examination shall be accompanied by
    attested copies of the following certificates:‐
    (a) Academic qualification;
    (b) Age;
    (c) Character;
    (d) Permanent residence of the State.
    Note: (i) No certificate except the Matriculation certificate or
    equivalent thereof shall be admitted in proof of age.
    Note: (ii) Character certificate shall mean a certificate issued by the
    Head of the Education Institute or University last attended by
    the candidate. In case of a candidate already in Government
    Service, the Character certificate shall be issued by the
    concerned Head of the Department.
    5
    7. Certificates to be produced.‐ Candidates for the preliminary
    examination shall submit along with their application forms
    prescribed fee and attested copies of certificates in support of their
    claims regarding age, educational qualification, certificate of
    belonging to a reserved category and holding of a civil post in the
    State which will be verified by the Commission, at the time of
    preliminary examination only. They shall, ensure that they fulfill all
    the eligibility conditions for admission to the preliminary examination
    on the last date fixed by the Commission for receipt of application
    forms. The admission to the preliminary examination shall be purely
    provisional and if on verification at any later date, it is found that the
    candidate had claimed eligibility for such examination by misrepresentation,
    fraud or concealment of any material fact or
    impersonation, his candidature shall be cancelled and he will be liable
    to prosecution/ disciplinary action by the Commission. The candidates
    who are declared by the Commission to have qualified for admission
    to the main examination will have to apply again along with
    prescribed application form, which would be available in the
    Commission.
    8. Examination‐ (1) The examination shall consist of two
    successive stages:‐
    (a) Combined Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective
    Type) for the selection of candidates for the main
    examination; and
    (b) Combined Services (Main) Examination (written and
    interview) for the selection of candidates for the various
    services and posts.
    (2) The preliminary examination will consist of two papers of
    objective type (multiple choice questions) and carry a maximum of
    450 marks in the subjects set out in Appendix‐I. This examination is
    meant to serve as a screening test only. The marks obtained in the
    preliminary examination by the candidates who are declared qualified
    for admission to the Main Examination will not be counted for
    determining their final order of merit. The number of candidates to be
    admitted to the Main Examination shall be, as far as practicable, 1/3rd
    of the total number of candidates who appeared in the preliminary
    examination or twenty five times the total approximate number of
    vacancies to be filled in the various services and posts, whichever be
    higher. Only those candidates who obtain such minimum marks in the
    preliminary examination as may be fixed by the Commission at its
    discretion and are declared by the Commission to have qualified in
    the preliminary examination in a year shall be eligible for admission to
    6
    the Main Examination of that year provided they are otherwise
    eligible for admission to the Main Examination:
    Provided that the Commission may revise or update the syllabi
    for the examination from time to time.
    (3) The Main Examination shall consist of a written test and an
    interview. The written test shall consist of question papers of
    descriptive type, out of which one paper shall be of qualifying nature
    only, from the subjects set out in Appendix‐I as per the detailed
    syllabus in Appendix‐II:
    Provided that the Commission may revise or update the syllabi
    for the examination from time to time.
    (4) Candidates who obtain such minimum qualifying marks in
    written part of the Main Examination as may be fixed by the
    Commission in any or all the papers at their discretion shall be
    summoned by them for interview.
    Note:‐ The interview test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a
    candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his
    intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current
    affairs. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness,
    critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical expositions, balance of
    judgement, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion
    and leadership, intellectual and moral integrity.
    (5) A candidate who fails to secure such minimum number of
    marks as are fixed by the Commission in their discretion in more than
    one subject shall not be eligible to be called for interview.
    (6) A Candidate must write the papers in his own hand. In no
    circumstances, will anybody be allowed the help of a scribe to write
    the answer for him.
    (7) If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible a deduction
    will be made on this account from the total marks otherwise accruing
    to him.
    7
    (8) Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial knowledge.
    (9) Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact expression
    combined with due economy of words in all subjects of the
    examination.
    (10) A candidate shall specify in his application form the optional
    paper/papers in which he wants to appear. The option once made
    shall be final. Failure to specify any or all the optional papers shall
    render the form liable to be rejected.
    (11) A candidate shall have to write optional papers (except
    language paper) in English.
    9. Interview.‐ The number of candidates to be summoned for
    interview will not be more than thrice the number of vacancies to be
    filled. The interview will carry a maximum of 250 marks (with no
    minimum qualifying marks). Failure to appear in the interview shall
    render a candidate ineligible for being recommended for appointment
    notwithstanding the marks obtained by him in the written
    examination.
    10. Merit List.‐ Marks thus obtained by the candidates in the Main
    Examination (written part as well as interview) would determine the
    final order of merit. Candidates shall be allotted to the various
    services keeping in view their inter‐se merit in the examination and
    the preferences expressed by them for the various services and posts:
    Provided that a candidate belonging to a reserved category,
    though not qualifying by the standard prescribed by the Commission
    may be declared suitable for appointment thereto by reduced
    standards with due regard to the maintenance of efficiency in
    administration, and recommended for appointment to vacancies
    reserved for members of such class in that service;
    Provided that physically challenged candidates shall be
    considered for selection in the services and against the posts
    identified for their respective categories in terms of Jammu and
    Kashmir Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of
    8
    Rights and Full Participation) Rules, 2003 and in accordance with their
    merit‐cum‐preference, if otherwise found suitable for selection.
    11. Medical fitness ‐ A candidate must be in good mental and bodily
    health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the
    discharge of his duties as an officer of the service. A candidate who
    after such medical examination as Government may prescribe is
    found not to satisfy these requirements will not be appointed. Only
    those candidates who figure in the list recommended to Government
    for appointment, including the waiting list, if any, shall be required to
    undergo medical examination:
    Provided that Medical Board shall intimate the nature and
    degree of disability of physically challenged candidate in terms of
    Jammu and Kashmir Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities,
    Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Rules, 2003 with specific
    recommendation, if any, in respect of each of such candidate(s) for
    appointment to various posts through the Combined Competitive
    Examination.
    Explanation: Instructions to appear before Medical Board shall not be
    deemed to mean that a candidate for direct recruitment if found fit is
    necessarily given an appointment. The medical examination will be
    conducted by a Medical Board to be arranged by the Commission in
    accordance with Appendix–III for the candidates for J&K Police
    (Gazetted) Service and Appendix‐IV for other candidates. The
    candidates will have to pay a fee as prescribed from time to time to
    the Medical Board.
    12. Determination of order of merit in the event of a tie.‐ In the
    event of a tie, the order of merit shall be determined in accordance
    with the highest marks secured in the viva‐voce. Should the marks in
    the viva‐voce of the candidates be also equal, the order of merit shall
    be decided in accordance with the highest marks obtained by such
    candidates in the aggregate of the compulsory papers. However, in
    case the marks obtained in compulsory papers are also equal, the
    order of merit shall be determined in accordance with the marks
    obtained in General Studies Paper. Similarly, if the marks obtained in
    General Studies be also equal, then the order of merit shall be
    determined in descending order of the date of birth of the candidates.
    9
    13. Success in the examination confers no right to appointment unless
    Government is satisfied after such enquiry as may be considered
    necessary that the candidate is suitable in all respects for
    appointment to the service.
    14. Repeal and savings.‐ (1) All rules corresponding to these rules
    including Notification SRO 161 dated 17th of July, 1995 shall, in so far
    they are inconsistent with these rules, stand repealed.
    (2) Notwithstanding such repeal, Appendix‐I, II, III and IV
    appended to the repealed SRO 161 and the Syllabi notified vide the
    said repealed notification read with notification SRO 41 dated 22nd
    February, 2007 shall continue to be in force and shall form the part of
    these rules.
    By order of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir.
    Sd/‐
    Commissioner/Secretary to Government
    General Administration Department.
    No: GAD(Ser)Genl/87/2008 Dated:01.12.2008
    Copy to the:‐
    1. Principal Resident Commissioner, J&K Government, 5‐Prithvi Raj
    Road, New Delhi.
    2. Financial Commissioner, Planning and Development
    Department/Public Works (R&B) Department.
    3. Chairman, J&K Special Tribunal
    4. Director General of Police, J&K, Jammu.
    5. All Principal Secretaries to Government/Financial
    Commissioner, Revenue.
    6. Chief Executive Officer, Economic Reconstruction Agency.
    7. Commissioner of Vigilance, J&K, Jammu.
    8. Director General, IMPA
    9. Principal Secretary to H.E the Governor
    10. All Commissioners/Secretaries to Government
    11. Divisional Commissioner, Jammu/Kashmir
    12. All Heads of the Departments
    13. All Deputy Commissioners
    14. Director, Archives, Archaeology and Museums, Jammu.
    15. Secretary, J&K Public Service Commission.
    16. Secretary, J&K Legislative Assembly/Council.
    10
    17. Special Secretary to Government, General Administration
    Department (Administration).
    18. Director, Estates.
    19. Director, Information
    20. Secretary, J&K Services Selection Board.
    21. General Manager, Government Press, Srinagar/Jammu.
    22. Special Assistants to Advisors to H.E. the Governor.
    23. Principal Private Secretary to Chief Secretary.
    24. Private Secretary to Commissioner/Secretary to Government,
    General Administration Department.
    25. Government Order file/Stock file.
    (Arshad Ayub)
    Deputy Secretary to Government,
    General Administration Department
    11
    APPENDIX I
    SCHEME AND SUBJECTS FOR THE PRELIMINARY AND MAIN
    EXAMINATION.
    A. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION.
    The examination will consist of two papers.
    Paper I ‐ General Studies 150 marks
    Paper II – One subject to be
    selected from the list
    of optional subjects
    indicated below. 300 marks.
    __________
    Total 450 marks_
    2. List of optional subjects:
    Agriculture:
    Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science:
    Botany:
    Chemistry:
    Civil Engineering:
    Commerce:
    Economics:
    Electrical Engineering:
    Geography:
    Geology:
    12
    Indian History:
    Law:
    Mathematics:
    Mechanical Engineering:
    Philosophy:
    Physics:
    Political Science:
    Psychology:
    Public Administration:
    Sociology:
    Statistics:
    Zoology:
    Note: (i) Both the question papers will be of objective type
    (multiple choice question).
    (ii) The question papers will be set in English.
    (iii) The course content of the syllabi for the optional
    subjects will be of the degree level.
    (iv) Each paper will be of two hours duration.
    13
    B. MAIN EXAMINATION
    The written examination shall consist of the following
    papers:‐
    Paper I General English 300 marks
    Paper II Essay in English 150 marks
    Paper III & IV General Studies 300 marks
    (for each paper )
    Papers V, VI, Any two subjects to be
    VII&VIII selected from the list
    of the optional subjects
    indicated below. ‐do‐
    Note: ‐ (i) Paper I on English will be of matriculation standard
    and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks
    obtained in this paper shall not count for ranking.
    (ii) Interview test will carry 250 marks.
    2. List of Optional Subjects:‐
    Agriculture:
    Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science:
    Anthropology:
    Botany:
    Chemistry:
    Civil Engineering:
    Commerce and Accountancy:
    Economics:
    Electrical Engineering:
    14
    Geography:
    Geology;
    History:
    Law;
    Management;
    Mathematics;
    Mechanical Engineering;
    Philosophy:
    Physics;
    Political Science & International Relations;
    Psychology;
    Public Administration:
    Sociology;
    Statistics;
    Zoology.
    Literature of one of the following languages:
    Arabic, Dogri, English, Hindi, Kashmiri, Persian,
    Punjabi, Sanskrit, Urdu.
    15
    Note:‐ (i) For the language papers, the scripts to be
    used by the candidates will be as under :‐
    Language Script
    Dogri Devanagari
    Hindi Devanagari
    Kashmiri Persian
    Punjabi Gurmukhi
    Urdu Persian
    (ii) Candidates will not be allowed to offer the
    following combination of the subjects:‐
    (a) Political Science & International Relations and
    Public Administration.
    (b) Commerce and Accountancy and Management.
    (c ) Anthropology and Sociology
    (d) Mathematics and Statistics.
    (e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry and Veterinary
    Science.
    (f) Management and Public Administration.
    (g) Philosophy and Psychology.
    (h) of the Engineering subject viz.
    Civil Engineering. Electrical Engineering and
    Mechanical Engineering not more than one
    subject.
    (iii) The question papers for the examination will be of
    descriptive type.
    (iv) Each paper will be of three hours duration.
    (v) The question papers other than language papers
    will be set in English.
    (vi) The details of the syllabi are set out in Appendix II
    to these rules.
    16
    GENERAL.
    (i) Candidates must write the papers in their own
    hand. In no Circumstances, they will be allowed
    the help of a scribe to write the answers for them.
    (ii) The Commission have discretion to fix qualifying
    marks in any or all the subjects of the examination.
    (iii) If a candidate’s handwriting is not easily legible, a
    deduction will be made on this account from the
    total marks otherwise accruing to him.
    (iv) Marks will not be allotted for mere superficial
    knowledge.
    (v) Credit will be given for orderly, effective and exact
    expression combined with due economy of words
    in all subjects of the examination.
    17
    APPENDIX II
    SYLLABI FOR THE EXAMINATION
    PART A—PRELIMINARY
    EXAMINATION COMPULSORY SUBJECT
    GENERAL STUDIES
    The paper on General Studies will include questions covering
    the following fields of knowledge :
    General Science
    Current events of national and international importance,
    History of India.
    World Geography.
    Indian Polity and Economy.
    Indian National Movement and also questions on General
    Mental Ability.
    Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation
    and understanding of science, including matters of everyday
    observation and experience, as may be expected of a well educated
    person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline. In
    History, emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the
    subject in its social, economic and political aspects. In Geography,
    emphasis will be on Geography of India. Questions on the Geography
    of India will relate to physical, social and economic Geography of the
    country, including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural
    resources. Questions on Indian Polity and Economy will test
    knowledge on the country’s political system, panchayati raj,
    community development and planning in India. Questions on the
    Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of
    the nineteenth century resurgence, growth of nationalism and
    attainment of Independence.
    18
    OPTIONAL SUBJECTS
    Agriculture
    Agriculture, its importance in national economy; factors
    determining agro‐ecological zone and geographic distribution of crop
    plants.
    Important crops of India, cultural practices for cereal, pulses,
    oil‐seed, fibre, sugar and tuber crops and the scientific basis for these
    crop rotation; multiple and relay cropping, inter‐cropping and mixed
    cropping.
    Soil as a medium of plant growth and its composition, mineral
    and organic constituents of the soil and their role in crop production;
    chemical, physical and microbiological properties of the soils.
    Essential plant nutrients, their functions, occurrence of cycling in soils
    principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use.
    Organic manures and bio‐fertilizers, straight, complex and mixed
    fertilizers manufactured and marketed in India.
    Principles of plant physiology with reference to plant nutrition,
    absorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Diagnosis of
    nutrient deficiencies and their amelioration photosynthesis and
    respiration, growth and development, auxins and hormones in plant
    growth.
    Elements of Genetics and Plant breeding as applied to
    improvement of crops; development of plant hybrids and composites,
    important varieties, hybrids and composites of major crops.
    Important fruit and vegetable crops of India, the package of
    practices and their scientific basis, crop rotations, intercropping and
    companion crops, role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition ;
    post harvest handling and processing of fruits and vegetables.
    Serious pests and diseases affecting major crops. Principles of
    pest control, integrated control of pests and diseases; proper use and
    maintenance of plant protection equipments.
    19
    Principles of economics as applied to agriculture.
    Farm planning and resource management for optimal
    production. Farming systems and their role in regional economies.
    Philosophy, objectives and Principles of extension. Extension
    organisation at the State, District and Block levels their structure,
    functions and responsibilities. Methods of Communication, Role of
    farm organisations in extension service.
    ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
    Animal Husbandry :
    1. General : Importance of livestock in Agriculture, Relationship
    between Plant and Animal Husbandry, Mixed farming Livestock and
    milk production statistics.
    2. Genetics: Elements of genetics and breeding as applied to
    improvement of animals. Breeds of indigenous and exotic cattle,
    buffaloes, goats, sheeps, pigs and poultry and their potential of milk,
    eggs, meat and wool production.
    3. Nutrition: Classification of feeds, feeding standards,
    computation of ration and mixing of rations, conservation of feeds
    and fodder.
    4. Management: Management of livestock (Pregnant and
    milking cows, young stock), livestock records, principles of clean milk
    production, economies of livestock farming Livestock housing.
    Veterinary Science
    1. Major contagious diseases affecting cattle and drought
    animals, poultry and pigs.
    2. Artificial insemination, fertility and sterility.
    3. Veterinary hygiene with reference to water, air and
    habitation.
    4. Principles of immunization and vaccination.
    20
    5. Description, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the
    following diseases of :
    (a) Cattle: Anthrax, Foot and mouth disease, Haemorrhagic,
    Septicaemia, Rinderpest, Black quarter, Tympanitis, Diarrhoea,
    Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Johnes disease and diseases of new
    born calf.
    (b) Poultry : Coccidiosis, Ranikhet, Fowl Pox, Avian leukosis,
    Marks Disease.
    (c) Swine: Swine fever.
    6. (a) Poisons used for killing animals.
    (b) Drugs used for doping of race horses and the techniques of
    detection.
    (c) Drugs used to tranquilize wild animals as well as animals in
    captivity.
    (d) Quarantine measures prevalent in India and abroad and
    improvements therein.
    Dairy Science
    1. Study of milk composition, physical properties and food
    value.
    2. Quality control of milk, common tests, legal standards.
    3. Utensils and equipment and their cleaning.
    4. Organization of Dairy, processing of milk and distribution.
    5. Manufacture of Indian indigenous milk products.
    6. Simple dairy operations.
    7. Micro‐organisms found in milk and dairy products.
    8. Diseases transmitted through milk to man.
    21
    BOTANY
    1. Origin of Life—Basic ideas on origin of earth and origin of life.
    2. Biological Evolution General account of biochemical and
    biological aspects of evolution, Speciation.
    3. Cell biology—Cell structure, function of organelles. Mitosis,
    meiosis, significance of meiosis. Differentiation, senescence and death
    of cells.
    4. Tissue Systems—Origin, development, structure and function
    of primary and secondary tissues.
    5. Genetics—Laws of inheritance, concept of gene and genetic
    code. Linkage, crossing over, gene mapping. Mutation and polyploidy.
    Hybrid vigour. Sex determination, Genetics and plant improvement.
    6. Plant Diversity—Structure and function of plant form from
    evolutionary aspect (viruses to angiosperms, including lichens and
    fossils).
    7. Plant Systematics—Principles of nomenclature, classification
    and identification. Modern approaches in plant taxonomy.
    8. Plant Growth and Development—Dynamics of growth.
    Growth movements. Growth substances. Factors of morphogenesis.
    Mineral nutrition. Water relations. Elementary knowledge of
    photosynthesis. Respiratory metabolism, Nitrogen metabolism,
    nucleic acids and protein synthesis. Enzymes. Secondary metabolites.
    Isotopes in biological studies.
    9. Methods of Reproduction and Seed Biology—Vegetative,
    asexual and sexual methods of reproduction, Physiology of flowering.
    Pollination and fertilization. Sexual incompatibility. Development,
    Structure, dormancy and germination of seed.
    10. Plant Pathology—Knowledge of diseases of rice, wheat,
    sugarcane, potato, mustard, groundnut and cotton crops. Principles of
    biological control. Crown gall.
    22
    11. Plant and Environment—Biotic components. Ecological
    adaptation. Types of vegetational zones and forests of India.
    Deforestation, afforestation, social forestry. Soil erosion, wasteland
    reclamation. Environmental pollution, bioindicators. Plant
    introduction.
    12. Botany—A HUMAN CONCERN ‐ Importance of
    conservation. Germplasm resources, endangered, threatened &
    endemic taxa. Cell, tissue, organ and protoplast cultures in
    propagation and enrichment of genetic diversity. Plants as sources of
    food, fodder, forage, fibers, fatty oils drugs, wood and timber, paper,
    rubber, beverages, spices, essential oils and resins, gums, dyes,
    insecticides, pesticides and ornamentation. Biomass as a source of
    energy. Bio‐fertilizers. Biotechnology in agri‐horticulture, medicine
    and industry.
    CHEMISTRY
    SECTION A
    Atomic number, Electronic Configuration of elements, Aufbau
    principle, Hund's Multiplicity Rule, Pauli's Exclusion Principle, long
    form of the Periodic Classification of elements; salient characteristics
    of 's', 'p', 'd' and 'f block elements.
    Atomic and ionic radii, ionisation potential, electron affinity and
    electronegativity; their variation with the position of the element in
    the periodic table.
    Natural and artificial radioactivity theory of nuclear
    disintegration; disintegration and displacement laws; radioactive
    series; nuclear bindings energy, nuclear reaction, fission and fusion,
    radioactive isotopes and their uses.
    Electronic Theory of Valency. Elementary ideas about sigma and
    pi‐bonds, hybridization and directional nature of covalent bonds.
    Shapes of simple molecules, bond order and bond length.
    Oxidation states and oxidation number. Common redox
    reactions; ionic equation.
    23
    Bronsted and Lewis theories of acids and bases.
    Chemistry of common elements and their compounds, treated
    from the point of view of periodic classification.
    Principles of extraction of metals, as illustrated by sodium,
    copper, aluminium, iron and nickel.
    Werner's theories of coordination compounds and types of
    isomerism in 6‐ and 4‐ coordinate complexes. Role of coordination
    compounds in nature, common metallurgical and analytical
    operations.
    Structures of Diborane, aluminium chloride, ferrocene alkyl
    magnesium halides, dichlorodiamine platinum and xenon chloride.
    Common ion effect, solubility product and their applications in
    qualitative inorganic analysis.
    SECTION B
    Electron displacements‐inductive, mesomeric and hyperconjugative
    effects ‐ effects of structure on dissociation constants of
    acids and bases ‐ bond formation and bond fission of covalent bondsreaction
    intermediates‐carbonations, carbanions, free radicals and
    carbenes nucleophiles and electrophiles.
    Alkanes, alkenes and alkynes‐petroleum as a source of organic
    compounds‐ simple derivatives of aliphatic compounds; halides,
    alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, acids, esters, acid chlorides, amides,
    anhydrides, ethers, amines and nitro compounds monohydroxy,
    ketonic and amino acids‐Grignard reagents‐active methylene group ‐
    malonic and acetoacetic esters and their synthetic uses ‐ unsaturated
    acids.
    Stereochemistry: elements of symmetry, chirality, optical
    isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids, D, L,‐notation, R,S,‐notation of
    compounds containing chiral centres, concept of conformation ‐
    Tischer sawhors and Newman projections of butane 2,3 ‐
    24
    diolgeometrical isomerism of maleic and fumaric acids, E and Z
    notation of geometrical isomers.
    Carbohydrates classification and general reactions, structures of
    glucose, fructose and sucrose, general idea on the chemistry of starch
    and cellulose. Benzene and common monofunctional benzenoid
    compounds, concept of aromaticity as applied to benzene
    naphthalene and pyrole‐orientation influence in aromatic substitution
    chemistry and uses of diazonium salts.
    Elementary idea of the chemistry of oils, fats, proteins and
    vitamins‐their role in nutrition and industry.
    Basic principles underlying spectral techniques (UV‐visible, IR,
    Raman and NMR).
    SECTION C
    Kinetic theory of gases and gas laws. Maxwell's law of
    distribution of velocities. Van der Vaals equation, Law of
    corresponding states. Specific heat of gases, ratio Cp/Cv.
    Thermodynamics: The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal
    and adiabatic expansions. Enthalpy, heat capacities and
    thermochemistry. Heats of reaction. Calculation of bond energies.
    Kirchoffs equation. Criteria for spontaneous changes. Second law of
    thermodynamics. Entropy, Free energy, Criteria for chemical
    equilibrium.
    Solutions: Osmotic pressure, Lowering of vapour pressure,
    depression of freezing point and elevation of boiling point.
    Determination of molecular weight in solution. Association and
    dissociation of solutes.
    Chemical equilibria: Law of mass action and its application to
    homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibrium; Le Chaterliere
    principle and its application to chemical equilibria.
    Chemical Kinetics: Molecularity and order of a reaction, First
    order and second order reactions, Temperature coefficient and
    25
    energy of activation. Collision theory of reaction rates qualitative
    treatment of theory of activated complex.
    Electrochemistry—Faraday's laws of electrolysis, conductivity of
    an electrolyte, Equivalent conductivity and its variation with dilution.
    Solubility of sparingly soluble salts. Electrolytic dissociation. Ostwald's
    dilution law, anomaly of strong electrolytes, Solubility product.
    Strength‐of acids and bases, Hydrolysis of salts. Hydrogen ion
    concentration. Buffer action. Theory of indicators.
    Reversible cells—Standard hydrogen and calomal electrodes.
    Redox potentials, concentration cells. Ionic product of water.
    Potentiometric titrations.
    Phase rule—Explanation of terms involved. Application to one
    and two component systems. Distribution law.
    Colloids—General nature of colloidal solutions and their
    classification. Coagulation. Protective action and Gold number.
    Absorption
    Catalysis—Homogenous and heterogeneous catalysis.
    Promoters and Poisons.
    CIVIL ENGINEERING
    Engineering Mechanics: Statics; units and dimensions SI units,
    vectors, coplanar and noncoplanar force systems, equations of
    equilibrium, free body diagrams, static friction, virtual. work,
    distributed force systems, first and second moments of area, mass
    moment of Inertia.
    Kinematics and Dynamics: Velocity and acceleration in
    Cartesian and curvilinear coordinate systems, equations of motion
    and their integration, principles of conservation of energy and
    momentum, collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies about
    fixed axis, simple harmonic motion.
    26
    Strength of Materials: elastic, isotropic and homogeneous
    materials, stress and strain, elastic constants, relation among elastic
    constants, axially loaded determinate and indeterminated members,
    shear force and bending moment diagrams, theory of simple bending,
    shear stress distribution, stitched beams.
    Deflection of Beams: Macaulay method, Mohr theorems,
    Conjugate beam method, torsion, torsion of circular shafts, combined
    bending, torsion and axial thrust, close coiled helical springs Strain
    Energy, strain energy in direct stress, shear stress, bending and
    torsion.
    Thin and thick cylinders, columns and struts, Euler and Rankine
    loads, principal stresses and strains in two dimensions‐ Mohr circletheories
    of elastic failure. Structural Analysis; indeterminate beams,
    propped, fixed and continuous beams, shear force and bending
    moment diagrams, deflections, three hinged and two hinged arches,
    rib shortening, temperature effects, influence lines.
    Trusses: Method of joints and method of sections, deflections
    of plane pin jointed trusses.
    Rigid Frames: analysis of rigid frames and continuous beams by
    theorem of three moments, moment distribution method, slope
    deflection method, Kani method and column analogy method, matrix
    analysis; Rolling loads and influence lines for beams and pin‐jointed
    girders.
    Soil Mechanics : Classification and identification of soils, phase
    relationships; surface tension and apillary phenomena in soils,
    laboratory and field determination of co‐efficient of permeability;
    seepage forces, flow nets, critical hydraulic gradient, permeability of
    stratified deposits; Theory of compaction, compaction control, total
    and effective stresses, pore pressure coefficient, shear strength
    parameters in terms of total and effective stress, Mohr‐Coulomb
    theory; total and effective stress analysis of soil slopes ; active and
    passive pressures, Rankine and Coulomb theories of earth pressure,
    pressure, distribution on trench sheeting, retaining walls, sheet pile
    walls: soil consolidation, Terzaghione‐dimensional theory of
    consolidation, primary and secondary settlement.
    27
    Foundation Engineering: Exploratory program for sub‐surface
    investigations, common types of boring and sampling, field test and
    their interpretation, water level observations;. Stress distribution
    beneath loaded areas by Boussinesq and Steinbrenner methods, use
    of influence charts, contact pressure distribution determination of
    ultimate bearing capacity by Terzaghi, Skempton and Hansen's
    methods; allowable bearing pressure beneath footings and rafts;
    settlement criteria, design aspects of footings and rafts; bearing
    capactiy of piles and pile groups, pile load tests, underreamed piles
    for swelling soil; Well foundations, conditions of statical equilibrium,
    vibration analysis of single degree freedom system, general
    considerations for design of machine foundations; earthquake effects
    on soil foundation systems, liquefaction.
    Fluid Mechanics—Fluid properties, fluid statics, forces on plane
    and curved surfaces. Stability of floating and submerged bodies
    Kinematics—Velocity streamlines, continuity equation,
    accelerations, irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential and
    stream functions, flow net, separation and stagnation.
    Dynamics—Euler's equation along stream line, energy and
    momentum equations, Bernoulli's theorem, applications to pipe flow
    and free surface flows, free and forced vortices.
    Dimensional Analysis and similitude Buckingham's Pi theorem,
    dimensionless parameters, similarities, undistorted and distorted
    models.
    Boundary layer on a flat plate, drag and lift on bodies.
    Laminar and Turbulent flows: Laminar flow through pipe and
    between parallel plates, transition to turbulent flow, turbulent flow
    through pipes, friction factor variation, energy loss in expansions,
    contraction and other non‐uniformities, energy grade line and
    hydraulic grade line, pipe networks, water hammer.
    28
    Compressible flow: Isothermal and isentropic flows, velocity of
    propogation of pressure wave, Mach number, subsonic and
    supersonic flows, shock waves.
    Open channel flow: Uniform and non‐uniform flows, specific
    energy and specific force, critical depth, flow in contracting
    transitions, free overall, wires, hydraulic jump, surges, gradually
    varied flow equation and its integration, surface profiles.
    Surveying: General principles; sign conventions, chain
    surveying, principles of plane table surveying, two point problem,
    three point problem, compass surveying, traversing ; bearings local,
    attraction, traverse computations, corrections.
    Levelling: Temporary and permanent adjustments; fly‐ levels,
    reciprocal levelling, contour levelling; volume computations,
    refraction and curvature corrections.
    Theodolite: Adjustments traversing, heights and distances,
    tacheometric surveying.
    Curve setting by chain and by theodolite; horizontal and vertical
    curves.Triangulation and base‐line measurements; Satellite stations,
    trigonometric levelling, astronomical surveying , celestial coordinates,
    solution of spherical triangles, determination of azimuth,
    latitude, longitude and time.
    Principles of aerial photogrammetry, hydrographic surveying.
    COMMERCE
    Part‐I Accounting
    Accounting equation‐concepts and conventions, Generally
    accepted accounting principles‐capital and revenue expenditures and
    receipts‐ preparation of the financial statements including statements
    of sources and application of funds‐Partnership accounts including
    dissolution and piece meal distribution among the partners. Accounts
    of non profit organisations‐Preparation of accounts from incomplete
    records‐ Company Accounts‐Issue and redemption of shares and
    29
    debentures‐Capitalisation of profits and issue of bonus shares‐
    Accounting for depreciation‐including accelerated methods of
    providing depreciation‐Inventory valuation and control.
    Ratio analysis and interpretation‐Ratios relating to short term
    liquidity, long term solvency and profitability‐importance of the rate
    of return on investment (ROl) in evaluating the overall performance of
    a business entity.
    Nature and objects of auditing‐ Balance Sheet and continuous
    audit‐Statutory management and operational audits‐Auditors,
    working papers‐internal control and internal audit‐Audit of
    proprietary and partnership firms‐Broad outlines of the Company
    audit.
    Part II: Business organisation and Secretarial Practice
    Distinctive features of different forms of business organisation.
    Formalities and documents in floating a Joint Stock Company‐Doctrine
    of indoor management and principle of constructive notice‐Type of
    securities and methods of their issue‐Economic functions of the new
    issues market and stock exchange‐ Business combinations‐Control of
    monopoly houses‐ Problems of modernisation of industrial
    enterprises. Procedure and financing of export and import trade‐
    Incentives for export promotion Role of the EXIM Bank‐ Principles of
    insurance, life, fire‐and marine.
    Management functions: Planning, Organising, Staffing,
    Directing, Coordination and Control.
    Organisation Structure: Centralisation and decentralisation,
    delegation of authority, span of control, management by objective
    (M.B.O) and Management by exception.
    Office Management: Scope and principles‐Systems and
    routines‐Handling of records‐ Office equipment and machines‐Impact
    of Organisation and methods (O&M).
    30
    Company Secretary: Functions and scope‐Appointment,
    qualifications and disqualifications‐Right, duties and liabilities of
    company secretary‐Drafting of agenda and minutes.
    ECONOMICS
    PART‐I
    1. National Economic Accounting: National Income Analysis,
    Generation and Distribution of Income and related aggregates: Gross
    National Product, Net National Product, Gross Domestic Product and
    Net Domestic Product (at market prices and factor costs) : at constant
    and current prices.
    2. Price Theory: Law of demand; Utility analysis and Indifference
    curve techniques, consumer equilibrium; cost curves and their
    relationships; equilibrium of a firm under different market structures:
    pricing of factors of Production.
    3. Money & Banking: Definitions and functions of money (Ml,
    M2, M3); Credit creation; Credit sources, costs and availability,
    theories of the Demand for money.
    4. International trade: The theory of comparative costs;
    Ricardian and Hocksher Ohlin ; the balance of payments and the
    adjustment mechanism. Trade theory and economic growth and
    development.
    Part II
    Economic growth and development: Meaning and
    measurement; characteristics of underdevelopment; rate and pattern.
    Modern Economic Growth; Sources of growth distribution and
    growth; problems of growth of developing economies.
    Part III
    Indian Economy: India's economy since independence; trends in
    population growth since 1951; Population and poverty; general trends
    in National Income and related aggregates; Planning in India;
    Objectives, strategy and rate and pattern of growth; problems of
    31
    industrialisation strategy; Agricultural growth since Independence
    with special reference to foodgrains; unemployment; nature of the
    problem and possible solutions; Public Finance and Economic Policy.
    ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    Primary and secondary cells, Dry accumulators, Solar Cells,
    Steady state analysis of d.c. and a.c. network, network theorems;
    network functions, Laplace techniques, transient response; frequency
    response; three‐ phase networks; inductively coupled circuits.
    Mathematical modelling of dynamic linear systems, transfer
    functions, block diagrams; stability of control systems.
    Electrostatic and magnetostatic field analysis; Maxwell's
    equations. Wave equations and electromagnetic waves.
    Basic methods of measurements, standards, error analysis;
    indicating instruments, cathode‐ray oscilloscope, measurement of
    voltage; current; power resistance, inductance, capacitance,
    frequency, time and flux, electronic meters.
    Vaccum based and Semi‐conductor devices and analysis of
    electronic Circuits; single and multi‐stage audio and radio, small signal
    and large signal amplifiers; oscillators and feed back amplifiers; wave
    shaping circuits and time base generators ; multi‐vibrators and digital
    circuits; modulation and demodulation circuits. Transmission line at
    audio, radio and U.H. Frequencies; Wire and Radio communication.
    Generation of e.m.f. and torque in rotation machine; motor and
    generator characteristics of d.c. synchronous and induction machines,
    equivalent circuits; commutation starters ; phaser diagram, losses,
    regulation, power transformers.
    Modelling of transmission lines, steady, state and transient
    stability, surge phenomena and insulation coordination; protective
    devices and schemes for power system equipment.
    Conversion of a.c. to d.c. and d.c. to a.c. controlled and
    uncontrolled power, speed control techniques for drives.
    32
    GEOGRAPHY
    Section A: General principles :
    (i) Physical geography.
    (ii) Human Geography.
    (iii) Economic Geography.
    (iv) Cartography.
    (v) Development of Geographical thought.
    Section B: Geography of the World :
    (i) World land forms, climates, soils and vegetation.
    (ii) Natural regions of the World.
    (iii) World population, distribution and growth; races of
    mankind and international migrations; cultural realms of the World.
    (iv) World agriculture, fishing and forestry minerals and energy
    resources; World industries.
    (v) Regional study of Africa, South‐East Asia, S.W. Asia, Anglo‐
    America, U.S.S.R and China.
    Section C : Geography of India :
    (i) Physiography, climate, soils and vegetation.
    (ii) Irrigation and agriculture; forestry and fisheries.
    (iii) Minerals and energy resources.
    (iv) Industries and industrial development.
    (v) Population and settlements.
    GEOLOGY
    Part‐I
    (a) Physical Geology; Solar system and the Earth Origin, age and
    internal constitution of Earth, Weathering , Geological work of river,
    lake, glacier, wind, sea and groundwater. Volcanoes‐types
    distribution, geological effects and products; Earthquakes‐distribution
    causes and effects. Elementary ideas about geosynclines, isostasy and
    mountain building, continental drift, seafloor spreading and plate
    tectonics.
    33
    (b) Geomorphology: Basic concepts of geomorphology. Normal
    cycle of erosion, drainage patterns. Landforms formed by ice, wind
    and water.
    (c) Structural and Field geology: Clinometer compass and its
    use. Primary and secondary structures. Representation of altitude;
    Slope; strike and dip. Effects of topography on outcrop. Folds, Fault,
    unconformities and joint‐their description, classification, recognition
    in the field and their effects on outcrops. Criteria for the
    determination of the order of super‐ position in the field. Nappes and
    Geological windows. Elementary ideas of geological survey and
    mapping.
    Part‐II
    (a) Crystallography: Crystalline and amorphous substances.
    Crystal, its definition and morphological characteristics; elements of
    crystal structure. Laws of Crystallography. Symmetry elements of
    crystal belonging to normal class of seven Crystal Systems. Crystal
    habits and twinning.
    (b) Mineralogy: Principles of optics. Behaviour of light through
    isotropic and anisotropic substances. Petrological microscope;
    construction and working of Nicol Prism. Birefringence; Pleochroism;
    extinction. Physical, chemical and optical properties of more common
    rock forming minerals of following groups; quartz, feldspar, mica,
    amphibole, pyroxene, olivine, garnet, chlorite and carbonate.
    (c) Economic Geology: Ore, ore mineral and gangue. Outline of
    the processes of formation and classification of ore deposits. Brief
    study of mode of occurrence, origin, distribution (in India) and
    economic uses of the following; gold, ores of iron, manganese,
    chromium, copper, aluminium, lead and zinc; mica, gypsum magnesite
    and kyanite; diamond; coal and petroleum.
    PETROLOGY
    Part‐III
    (a) Igneous Petrology: Magma‐ Its composition and nature,
    Crystallization of Magma Differentiation and assimilation. Bowen's
    34
    reaction principle Texture and structure of igneous rocks. Mode of
    occurrence and mineralogy of igneous rocks. Classification and
    varieties of igneous rocks.
    (b) Sedimentary Petrology: Sedimentary process and products.
    An outline classification of sedimentary rocks . Important primary
    sedimentary structures (bedding, cross bedding, graded bedding ,
    ripple marks, sole structures, parting lineation). Residual deposit, their
    mode of formation, characteristics and important types. Clastic
    deposits, their classification, mineral, composition and texture.
    Elementary knowledge of the origin and characteristics of quartz
    arenites, arkoses and greywackes. Siliceous and calcoreous deposits of
    chemical and organic origin.
    (c) Metamorphic Petrology: Definition, agents and types of
    metamorphism. Distinguishing characters of metamorphic rocks.
    Zones, grades of metamorphic rocks. Texture and structure of
    metamorphic rocks. Basis of classification of metamorphic rocks. Brief
    petrographic description of quartizite, slate, schist, gneiss, marble and
    homfels.
    Part‐IV
    (a) Palaeontology : Fossils, conditions for entombent, types of
    preservation and uses. Broad morphological features and geological
    distribution of brachiopods, bivalves (lamelli‐branches), gastropodes,
    cephalopods, trilobites, echinoids and corals. A brief study of
    Gondwana flora and Siwalik mammals.
    (b) Stratigraphy: Fundamental laws of stratigraphy:
    Classification of the stratified rocks into groups, systems and series
    etc. and classification of geologic time into eras, periods and epochs.
    An outline Geology of India and a brief study of the following systems
    with respect to their distribution, lithology, fossil interest and
    economic importance, if any; Dharwar, Windhyan, Gondwana and
    Siwalik.
    35
    INDIAN HISTORY
    Section A
    1. Foundations of Indian Culture and civilisation :
    lndus Civilisation
    Vedic Culture
    Sangam Age
    2. Religious Movements :
    Buddhism
    Jainism
    Bhagavatism and Brahmanism
    3. The Maurya Empire.
    4. Trade and Commerce in the pre Gupta and Gupta period.
    5. Agrarian structure in the post‐Gupta period.
    6. Changes in the social structure of ancient India.
    Section B
    1. Political and Social conditions, 800‐1200. The Cholas.
    2. The Delhi Sultanate : Administration Agrarian Conditions.
    3. The Provincial Dynasties, Vijayanagar Empire Society and
    Administration.
    4. The Indo‐Islamic culture, Religious movements, 15th and
    16th centuries.
    5. The Mughal Empire (1526‐1707) Mughal polity; agrarian
    relations; art, architecture and culture under the Mughals.
    6. Beginning of European Commerce.
    7. The Maratha Kingdom and Confederacy.
    SECTION C
    1. The decline of the Mughal Empire; the autonomous state
    with special reference to Bengal, Mysore and Punjab.
    2. The East India Company and the Bengal Nawabs.
    3. British Economic Impact in India.
    4. The Revolt of 1857 and other popular movements against
    British rule in the 19th century.
    36
    5. Social and cultural awakening; the lower caste, trade union
    and the peasant movements.
    6. The Freedom struggle.
    LAW
    I. Jurisprudence
    1. Schools of Jurisprudence; Analytical, historical, philosophical
    and sociological.
    2. Sources of law: custom, precedent and legislation.
    3. Rights and duties.
    4. Legal Personality.
    5. Ownership and possession.
    II. Constitutional Law of India
    1. Salient features of the Indian Constitution;
    2. Preamble;
    3. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental
    Duties.
    4. Constitutional position of the President and Governors and
    their powers.
    5. Supreme Court and High Courts: their powers and
    jurisdiction.
    6. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service
    Commissions :Their Powers and Functions.
    7. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and the
    States.
    8. Emergency provisions.
    9. Amendment of the Constitution.
    III. International Law
    1. Nature of International Law.
    2. Sources: Treaty, Custom, General Principles of law recognized
    by civilized nations and subsidiary means for the determination of
    law.
    3. State Recognition and State Succession.
    37
    4. The United Nations: its objectives and Principal Organs; the
    constitution, role and jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.
    IV. Torts
    1. Nature and definition of tort;
    2. Liability based on fault and strict liability;
    3. Vicarious liability;
    4. Joint tort‐feasors;
    5. Negligence;
    6. Defamation;
    7. Conspiracy;
    8. Nuisance;
    9. False imprisonment and malicious prosecution.
    V. Criminal Law
    1. General principles of criminal liability;
    2. Mens rea;
    3. General exceptions;
    4. Abetment and conspiracy;
    5. Joint and constructive liability;
    6. Criminal attempts;
    7. Murder and Culpable homicide;
    8. Sedition;
    9. Theft; extortion, robbery and dacoity;
    10. Misappropriation and Criminal breach of trust;
    VI. Law of Contract
    1. Basic elements of contract: offer, acceptance, consideration,
    contractual capacity.
    2. Factors vitiating consent.
    3. Void, viodable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
    4. Performance of contracts.
    5. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustration of contracts.
    6. Quassi‐contracts.
    7. Remedies for breach of contract.
    38
    MATHEMATICS
    Algebra : Sets, relations equivalence relations, Natural
    numbers, Integers, Rational numbers, Real and Complex numbers,
    division algorithm, greatest common divisor polynomials, division
    algorithm, derivations, Integral, rational real and complex roots of a
    polynomial, Relation between roots and coefficients, repeated roots,
    elementary symmetric functions, Groups, rings, fields and their
    elementary properties.
    Matrices: Addition and multiplication, elementary row and
    column operation, rank determinants, inverse, solutions of systems of
    linear equations.
    Calculus: Real numbers, order completeness property, standard
    functions, limits, continuity, properties of continuous functions in
    closed intervals, differentiability, Mean value Theorem, Taylors
    Theorem, Maxima and Minima, Application to curves‐tangent normal
    properties, Curvature, asymptotes, double points, points of inflexion
    and tracing.
    Definition of a definite integral of continuous function as the
    limit of a sum, fundamental theorem of integral Calculus, methods of
    integration, rectification quadrature, volume and surfaces of solids of
    revolution.
    Partial differentiation and its application.
    Simple test of convergence of series of positive terms
    alternating series and absolute convergence.
    Differential Equations: First order differential equations,
    Singular solutions, geometrical interpretations, linear differential
    equations with constant coefficients.
    Geometry: Analytic Geometry of straight lines and conics
    referred to Cartesian and polar Coordinates; three dimensional
    geometry for planes, straight lines, sphere, Cone and Cylinder.
    39
    Mechanics: Concept of particle, lamina, rigid body,
    displacement, force, mass, weight, concept of scalar and vector
    quantities, Vector Algebra, Combination and equilibrium of Coplanar
    forces, Newton's Laws of motion, motion of a particle in a straight
    line; Simple Harmonic motion, projectile, circular motion, motion
    under central forces (inverse square law), escape velocity.
    MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
    Statics: Simple applications of equilibrium equations.
    Dynamics: Simple applications of equations of motion, simple
    harmonic motion, work energy, power.
    Theory of Machines: Simple examples of links and mechanism.
    Classification of gears, standard gear tooth profiles, Classification of
    bearing. Function of fly wheel. Types of governors. Statics and
    dynamic balancing. Simple examples of vibration of bars. Whirling of
    shafts.
    Mechanics of solids : Stress, strain, Hook's Law, elastic modulii,
    Bending moments and shearing force diagrams for beams. Simple
    bending and torsion of beams springs, thin walled cylinders
    Mechanical properties and material testing.
    Manufacturing Science: Mechanics of metal cutting, tool life,
    economics of machining, cutting tool materials. Basic machining
    processes, types of machine tools, transfer lines, shearing, drawing,
    spinning, rolling, forging, extrusion. Different types of casting and
    welding methods.
    Production Management: Method and time study, motion
    economy and work space design, operation and flow process charts.
    Product design and cost selection of manufacturing process. Break
    even analysis, Site selection, plant layout, Materials handling,
    selection of equipment for job, shop and mass production,
    Scheduling, despatching routing.
    40
    Thermodynamics: Heat, work and temperature, First and
    second laws of thermodynamics, Carnot, Rankine, Otto and Diesel
    Cycles.
    Fluid Mechanics: Hydrostatics Continuity equation. Bernoulli’s
    theorem. Flow through pipes. Discharge measurement. Laminar and
    Turbulent flow, concept of boundary layer.
    Heat Transfer: Heat transfer by Conduction, Convection and
    Radiation. One dimensional steady state conduction through walls
    and cylinders. Fins, Concept of thermal boundary layer. Heat transfer,
    coefficient, Combined heat transfer, coefficient, Heat exchangers.
    Energy Conversion: Compression and spark ignition engines,
    Compressors, fans and blowers. Hydraulic pumps and turbines
    Thermal turbo machines.
    Boiler Flow of steam through nozzles layout of power plants.
    Environmental Control Refrigeration cycles, refrigeration
    equipment—its operation and maintenance, important refrigerants,
    Psychometrics comfort, cooling and dehumidification.
    PHILOSOPHY
    (i) Logic : Symbolic Logic Syllogism and fallacies, Mathematical
    Logic, Truth Functional logic ;
    (ii) History of Indian Ethics: Source, Types, Meaning of Dharma,
    Ethics and Metaphysics; and Karma and Freewill ; Karma and
    Gyana ;
    (iii) History of Western Ethics: Moral standards Judgement, Order
    and progress; Ethics and Emotivism; Determinism and Freewill;
    Crime and Punishment, Individual and Society.
    (iv) History of Philosophy : Western, Indian Orthodox. Indian
    Heterodox.
    41
    PHYSICS
    1. Mechanics : Units and dimensions, S.l. units, Motion in one
    and two dimensions, Newton's laws of motion with applications.
    Variable mass systems, Frictional forces, work, power and Energy.
    Conservative and non‐conservative systems, Collisions, Conservation
    of energy. Linear and angular momenta. Rotational Kinematics,
    Rotational dynamics. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Gravitation,
    Planetary motion, Artificial Satellites.. Surface tension and Viscosity.
    Fluid dynamics, streamline and turbulent motion. Bernoulli's equation
    with applications. Stoke's law and its application, Special theory of
    relativity, Lorentz Transformation, Mass Energy equivalence.
    2. Waves and Oscillations : Simple harmonic motion, Travelling
    & Stationary waves, Superposition of waves, Beats. Forced
    oscillations, Damped oscillations, Resonance, Sound waves, Vibrations
    of air columns, strings and rods. Ultrasonic waves and their
    application. Doppler effect.
    3. Optics : Matrix method in paraxial optics. Thin lens formulae,
    Nodal planes, Systems of two thin lenses, Chromatic and Spherical
    aberration, Optical instruments, Eyepieces, Nature and propagation of
    light, Interference, Division of wavefront, Division of amplitude,
    Simple interferometers. Diffraction‐Fraunhefer and Fresnel, Gratings.
    Resolving power of optical instruments, Rayleigh criterion,
    Polarization, Production and Detection of Polarized light. Rayleigh
    Scattering. Raman Scattering, Lasers and their applications.
    4. Thermal Physics : Thermometry, Laws of thermodynamics,
    Heat engines, Entropy, Thermodynamic potentials and Maxwell's
    relations. Vander WaaIs equation of State, Critical constants. Joule‐
    Thomson effect, Phase transition, Transport phenomenon, heat
    conduction and specific heat in solids, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Ideal
    Gas equation, Maxwell's velocity distribution, Equipartition of Energy,
    Mean free path, Brownian Motion Black‐ body radiation, Planck's Law.
    5. Electricity and Magnetism: Electric charge, Fields and
    Potentials, Coulomb's Law, Gauss Law, Capacitance, Dielectrics, Ohm's
    Law, Kirchoffs laws, Magnetic field, Ampere's Law, Faraday's Law of
    electromagnetic induction, Lenz’s Law. Alternating Currents, LCR
    42
    Circuits, Series & Parallel resonance, Q‐factor, Thermoelectric effects
    and their applications, Electromagnetic Waves. Motion of charged
    particles in electric and magnetic fields. Particle accelerators, Ven de
    Graaff generator, Cyclotron, Betatron, Mass spectrometer, Hall effect,
    Dia, Para and ferro magnetism.
    6. Modern Physics : Bohr's Theory of Hydrogen atom, Optical
    and X‐ray spectra, Photoelectric effect. Compton effect, Wave nature
    of matter and Wave‐Particle duality, Natural and artificial radioactivity,
    alpha, beta and gamma radiation, chain decay, Nuclear fission
    and fusion, Elementary particles and their classification.
    7. Electronics: Vacuum tubes diode and triode p‐ and n‐type
    materials p‐n diodes and transistors. Circuits for rectification,
    amplification and oscillations. Logic gates.
    POLITICAL SCIENCE
    Section A (Theory)
    1. (a) The State ‐ Sovereignty; Theories of Sovereignty.
    (b) Theories of the Origin of the States (Social contract
    Historical— Evolutionary and Marxist).
    (c) Theories of the functions of the State (Liberal Welfare and
    Socialist).
    2. (a) Concepts—Rights, Property, Liberty, Equality, Justice.
    (b)Democracy—Electoral process; Theories of Representations;
    Public opinion, freedom of speech, the role of the Press; Parties and
    Pressure Groups.
    (c) Political Theories—Liberalism ; Early Socialism, Marxian
    Socialism, Fascism.
    (d) Theories of Development and Under‐Development Liberal
    and Marxist.
    43
    Section B (Government)
    1. Government: Constitution and Constitutional Government,
    Parliamentary and Presidential Government Federal and Unitary
    Government; State and Local Government; Cabinet Government;
    Bureaucracy.
    2. India : (a) Colonialism and Nationalism in India; the national
    liberation movement and constitutional development.
    (b) The Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Directive
    Principles of State Policy; legislature; Executive, Judiciary, including
    Judicial Review; the Rule of Law.
    (c) Federalism, including Centre State Relations, Parliamentary
    System in India.
    (d) Indian Federalism compared and contrasted with
    federalism in the USA, Canada, Australia, Nigeria and Federal
    Republic of Germany and the U.S.S.R.
    PSYCHOLOGY
    1. Scope and methods, Subject Matter.
    2. Methods, Experimental methods, Field studies, Clinical and
    case methods, Characteristics of psychological studies.
    3. Physiological Basis. Structure and functions of the nervous
    system, Structure and functions of the endocrine system.
    4. Development of Behaviour, Genetic mechanism.
    Environmental factors. Growth and maturation. Relevant
    experimental studies.
    5. Cognitive processes (I). Perception, Perception process,
    Perceptual organisation, Perception of form, Colour, depth and time.
    Perceptual constancy. Role of motivation, social and cultural factors in
    perception.
    44
    6. Cognitive processes (II). Learning, Learning process, Learning
    theories : Classical conditioning. Operant conditioning, Cognitive
    theories. Perceptual learning. Learning and motivation. Verbal
    learning. Motor learning.
    7. Cognitive Processes (III). Remembering, Measurement of
    remembering. Short‐term memory. Long‐term memory, forgetting,
    theories of forgetting.
    8. Cognitive Processes (IV). Thinking Development of thinking,
    language and thought, images, concept formation, problem solving.
    9. Intelligence, nature of intelligence, Theories of intelligence,
    Measurement of intelligence, Intelligence and creativity.
    10. Motivation, Needs, drives and motives, Classification of
    motives, Measurement of motives, Theories of motivation.
    11. Personality, Nature of personality, Trait and type
    approaches, Biological and socio‐cultural determinants of personality.
    Personality assessment techniques and tests.
    12. Coping Behaviour, Coping mechanisms, Coping with
    frustration and stress Conflicts.
    13. Attitudes, Nature of attitudes, Theories of attitudes,
    Measurement of attitudes, Change of attitudes.
    14. Communication, Types of communication, Communication
    process. Communication network, Distortion of communication.
    15. Applications of psychology in industry. Education and
    Community.
    PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
    1. Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of public
    administration. Private and Public Administration; Evolution of Public
    Administration as a discipline.
    45
    2. Theories and Principles of Administration: Scientific
    Management; Bureaucratic Model; Classical Theory; Human Relations
    Theory; Behavioural Approach; Systems Approach. The Principles of
    Hierarchy; Unity of Command; Span of Control; Authority and
    Responsibility; Coordination; Delegation; Supervision; Line and Staff.
    3. Administrative Behaviour: Decision Making Leadership
    theories Communication Motivation.
    4. Personnel Administration: Role of Civil Service in developing
    society; Position Classification; Recruitment; Training; Promotion; Pay
    and Service Condition, Neutrality and Anonymity.
    5. Financial Administration: Concept of Budget: Formulation
    and execution of budget; Accounts and Audit.
    6. Control over Administration: Legislative, Executive and
    Judicial Control, Citizen and Administration.
    7. Comparative Administration: Salient features of
    administrative systems in U.S.A, U.S.S.R., Great Britain and France.
    8. Central Administration in India : British legacy; constitutional
    context of Indian administration: The President; the Prime Minister as
    Real Executive; Central Secretariat; Cabinet Secretariat; Planning
    Commission, Finance Commission; Comptroller and Auditor General
    of India; Major patterns of Public Enterprises.
    9. Civil Service in India : Recruitment of All India and Central
    Services, Union Public Service Commission, Training of lAS and IPS,
    Generalists and specialists; Relations with the Political Executive.
    10. State, District and Local Administration : Governor, Chief
    Minister; Secretariat; Chief Secretary; Directorates; Role of District
    Collector in revenue, law and order and development administration;
    Panchayati Raj; Urban local government; Main features, Structure and
    problem‐areas.
    46
    SOCIOLOGY
    Concepts: race and culture; human evolution, phases of culture,
    culture change‐ culture contact, acculturation, cultural relativism
    society, group, status, role, primary, secondary and reference groups,
    community and association, social structure and social organisation,
    structure and function, objective facts, norms, values and belief
    systems, sanctions deviance, socio‐cultural processes‐ assimilation,
    integration cooperation, competition and conflict, Social Demography
    Institutions: Kinship system and kinship usages; rules of residence and
    descent; marriage and family; economic systems of simple and
    complex societies‐barter and ceremonial exchange, market economy,
    political institutions in simple and complex societies; religion in simple
    and complex societies, magic, religion and science. Practices and
    Organizations, Social stratification: Caste, class and estate.
    Communities: village, town, city, region.
    Types of society: tribal agrarian, industrial, post‐industrial,
    Constitutional provisions regarding scheduled castes and scheduled
    tribes.
    STATISTICS
    I. Probability (25 per cent weight):
    Classical and axiomatic definitions of probability, simple
    theorems on probability with examples, conditional probability,
    statistical independence Bayes' theorem, Discrete and continuous
    random variables probability mass function and probability density
    function, cumulative distributions function, joint marginal and
    conditional probability distributions of two variables, functions of one
    and two random variables moments, moment generating function
    chebichev's inequality, Binomial; Poisson Hypergeometric, Negative
    Binomial, Uniform, exponential, gamma, beta, normal and bivariate
    normal probability distributions Convergence in probability weak law
    of large numbers, simple form of central limit theorem.
    47
    (II) Statistical Methods (25 per cent weight):
    Compilation, classification, tabulation and diagrammatic
    representation of statistical data, measures of central tendency,
    dispersion, skewness and kurtosis measures of association and
    contingency correlation and linear regression involving two variables,
    correlation ratio, curve fitting.
    Concept of a random sample and statistics, sampling
    distributions of X, X2, T and F statistics, their properties, estimation
    and tests of significance based on them. Order statistics and their
    sampling distributions in case of uniform and exponential parent
    distribution.
    (III) Statistical Inference (25 percent weight):
    Theory of estimation, unbiasedness, consistency, efficiency,
    sufficiency, Cramer‐Rao Lower bound, best linear unbiased estimates,
    methods of estimation, methods of moments, maximum likelihood,
    least squares, minimum X2 properties of maximum likelihood
    estimators (without proof) simple problems of constructing
    confidence intervals.
    Testing of hypothesis, simple and composite hypothesis,
    Statistical tests, two kinds of error, optimal critical regions for simple
    hypothesis concerning one parameter, likelihood ratio tests, tests for
    the parameters of binomial, Poisson, uniform, exponential and normal
    distributions. Chi‐square test, sign test, run test, medium test,
    Wilcoxon test rank correlation methods.
    (IV) Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments (25 per cent
    weight):
    Principles of sampling, frame and sampling units, sampling and
    non sampling errors, simple random sampling, stratified sampling,
    cluster sampling, systematic sampling, ratio and regression estimates,
    designing of sample surveys with reference to recent large scale
    surveys in India.
    48
    Analysis of variance with equal number of observations per cell
    in one, two and three way classifications, transformations to stabilize
    variance. Principles of experimental design, completely randomized
    design. Randomized block design, Latin square design, missing plot
    technique, factorial experiments with confounding in 2n design
    balanced incomplete block designs.
    ZOOLOGY
    1. Cell structure and function: Structure of an animal cell,
    nature and function of cell organells, mitosis and meiosis,
    chromosomes and genes, laws of inheritance mutation.
    2. General survey and Classification of non‐chordates, (upto
    sub‐classes) and chordates (upto orders) of following : Protozoa,
    Porifera, Coelenterate, Platyhelminthes, Aschminthes, Annelida,
    Arthropoda, Mollusca, Echinodermata and Chordata.
    3. Structure, Reproduction and life history of the following
    types: Amoeba, Monocytis, Plasmodium, Paramaecium, Sycon, Hydra,
    Obelia, Fasciola, Taenia, Ascaris, Nereis, Pheretima, Leech, prawn,
    scorpion, cockroach, a bivalve, a snail, Balanaglosus, an ascidian,
    Amphioxus.
    4. Comparative anatomy of vertebrates: Integument
    endoskeleton, locomotory organs, digestive system, respiratory
    system, heart and Circulatory system, urinogenitial system and sense
    organs.
    5. Physiology: Chemical composition of protoplasm, nature and
    function of enzymes, colloids and hydrogen‐ion concentration
    biological oxidation. Elementary physiology of digestion, excretion,
    respiration, blood, mechanism of circulation with special reference to
    man, nerve impulse, conduction and transmission across synaptic
    junction.
    6. Embryology: Gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage,
    gastrulation; Early development and meta‐morphogenesis of frog.
    Ascidian and retrogressive metamorphosis. Neoteny, development of
    foetal membranes in chick and mammals.
    49
    7. Evolution : Origin of life, Principles and evidences of
    evolution, speciation, mutation and isolation.
    8. Ecology : Biotic and abiotic factors; concept of ecosystem,
    food chain and energy flow; adaptation of aquatic and desert fauna,
    parasitism, and symbiosis; factors causing environmental pollution
    and its prevention. Endangered species Chronobiology and circadian
    rhythm.
    9. Economic Zoology‐beneficial and harmful insects.
    50
    APPENDIX‐II
    Part‐B
    MAIN EXAMINATION
    The main Examination is intended to assess the overall
    intellectual traits and depth of understanding of candidates rather
    than merely the range of their information and memory sufficient
    choice of questions would be allowed to the candidates in the
    question papers.
    The scope of the syllabus for the optional subject papers for the
    examination is broadly of the honours degree level i.e. a level higher
    than the bachelors degree and lower than the Masters Degree. In the
    case of Engineering and law, the level corresponds to the bachelors
    degree.
    COMPULSORY SUBJECTS
    ENGLISH
    The aim of the paper is to test the candidate's ability to read
    and understand serious discursive prose and to express his ideas
    clearly and correctly, in English.
    The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows :—
    i) Comprehension of given passages.
    ii) Precise writing.
    iii) Usage and vocabulary.
    iv) Short Essay.
    Note 1:—The paper on English will be of Matriculation or
    equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks
    obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
    51
    Note 2 :—The candidates will have to answer the English paper
    in English.
    ESSAY
    Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.
    The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep
    closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly
    fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and
    exact expression.
    GENERAL STUDIES
    General Studies:‐ Paper‐I and Paper‐II will cover the following
    areas of knowledge :—
    Paper‐I
    1. Modern History of India and Indian Culture.
    2. Current events of national and international importance.
    3. Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams.
    Paper‐II
    1. Indian Polity;
    2. Indian Economy and Geography of India;
    3. The role and impact of Science and technology in the
    development of India.
    In Paper I, Modern History of India and Indian Culture will cover
    the broad history of the country from about the middle of the
    nineteenth century and would also include questions on Gandhi,
    Tagore and Nehru. The part relating to statistical analysis, graphs and
    diagrams will include exercises to test the candidate's ability to draw
    common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical,
    52
    graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies,
    limitations or inconsistencies therein.
    In Paper II, the part relating to Indian Polity, will include
    questions on the political system in India. In the part pertaining to the
    Indian Economy and Geography of India, questions will be put on
    planning in India and the physical, economic and social geography of
    India. In the third part relating to the role and impact of science and
    technology in the development of India, questions will be asked to
    test the candidate's awareness of the role and impact of science and
    technology in India; emphasis will be on applied aspects.
    OPTIONAL SUBJECTS
    AGRICULTURE
    Paper‐I
    Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their
    management and conservation. Physical and social environment as
    factors of crop distribution and production. Climatic elements as
    factors of crop growth, impact of changing environments on cropping
    pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and
    associated hazards to crops, animals and humans.
    Cropping patterns in different agro climatic zones of the
    country‐impact of high yielding and short duration varieties on shifts
    in cropping patterns. Concepts of multiple cropping, multi‐storey,
    relay and inter‐cropping and their importance in relation to food
    production, package of practices for production of important cereals,
    pulses, oilseed fibre, sugar and commercial crops grown during Kharif
    and Rabi seasons in different regions of the country.
    Important features, scope and propagation of various types of
    forestry plantations, such as, extension/social forestry, agro forestry
    and natural forests.
    Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with
    various crops; their multiplication, cultural, biological and chemical
    control of weeds.
    53
    Processes and factors of soil formation, classification of Indian
    soils including modern concepts, Mineral and organic constituents of
    soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Problem soils,
    extent and distribution in India and their reclamation. Essential plant
    nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants; their
    occurrence, factors affecting their distribution, functions and cycling
    in soils. Symbiotic and non‐symbiotic nitrogen fixation, Principles of
    soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use.
    Soil conservation planning on water shed basis, Erosion and run
    off management in hilly, foot hills and valley lands; processes and
    factors affecting them. Dryland agriculture and its problems.
    Technology for stabilizing agriculture production in rainfed agriculture
    area.
    Water use efficiency in relation to crop production criteria for
    scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing run off losses of
    irrigation water, Drainage of water logged soils.
    Farm management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm
    planning and budgeting, Economics of different types of farming
    systems.
    Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs, price
    fluctuations and their cost; role of co‐operatives in agricultural
    economy, types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.
    Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of
    evaluation of extension programmes, socio‐economic survey and
    status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural
    labourers, the farm mechanization and its role in agricultural
    production and rural employment. Training programmes for extension
    workers, lab to land programmes.
    Paper‐II
    Heredity and variation, Mendels law of inheritance,
    Chromosomal theory of inheritance, Cytoplasmic inheritance, Sex
    linked, sex influenced and sex limited characters. Spontaneous and
    induced mutations. Quantitative characters.
    54
    Origin and domestication of field crop. Morphology patterns of
    variations in varieties and related species of important field crops.
    Causes and utilization of variations in crop improvement.
    Application of the principles of plant breeding to the
    improvement of major field crops; methods of breeding of self and
    cross pollinated crops. Introduction, selection, hybridization.
    Heterosis and its exploitation, Male sterility and self
    incompatibility utilization of Mutation and polyploidy in breeding.
    Seed technology and importance; production, processing and
    testing of seeds of crop plants; Role of national and state seed
    organizations in production, processing and marketing of improved
    seeds.
    Physiology and its significance in agriculture nature, physical
    properties and chemical constitution of protoplasm; imbibition,
    surface tension, diffusion and Osmosis. Absorption and translocation
    of water, transpiration of water economy.
    Enzymes and plant pigments: photosynthesis‐modern concepts
    and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration.
    Growth and development; photo periodings and vernalization.
    Auxin, hormones and other plant regulators and their mechanism of
    action and importance in agriculture.
    Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits, plants and
    vegetable crops, the package of practices and the scientific basis for
    the same. Handling and marketing problems of fruits & vegetables,
    Principal methods of preservation, important fruits and vegetable
    products, processing techniques and equipment. Role of fruit and
    vegetable in human nutrition; landscape and floriculture including
    raising of ornamental plants and design and layout of lawns and
    gardens.
    Diseases and pests of field vegetable, orchard and plantation
    crops of India and measures to control these. Causes and classification
    55
    of plant diseases; Principles of plant disease control including
    exclusion, eradication, immunization and protection, Biological
    control of pests and disease; integrated management of pests and
    diseases. Pesticides and their formulations, plant protection
    equipment, their care and maintenance.
    Storage pests of cereals and pulses, hygiene of storage
    godowns, preservation and remedial measures.
    Food production and consumption trends in India. National and
    International food policies. Procurement, distribution, processing and
    production constraints, Relation of food production to national
    dietary pattern, major deficiencies of calorie and protein.
    ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
    Paper‐I
    1. Animal Nutrition: Energy sources, energy, metabolism and
    requirements for maintenance and production of milk, meat, eggs and
    wool. Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy.
    1.1. Advanced studies in Nutrition‐protein‐sources of protein,
    metabolism and synthesis, protein quantity and quality in relation to
    requirements. Energy protein ratios in ration.
    1.2. Advanced studies in Nutrition Minerals: Sources, Functions,
    requirements and their relationship of the basic minerals nutrients
    including trace elements.
    1.3 Vitamins, Hormones and Growth stimulating, substances‐
    Sources‐functions, requirements and inter‐relationship with minerals.
    1.4. Advanced Ruminant Nutrition: Dairy Cattle Nutrients and their
    metabolism with reference to milk production and its composition
    Nutrient requirements for calves, heifers dry and milking cows and
    buffaloes. Limitations of various feeding systems.
    56
    1.5. Advanced Non‐Ruminant Nutrition Poultry‐Nutrients and their
    metabolism with reference to poultry, meat and egg production.
    Nutrients requirements and feed formulation and broilers at different
    ages.
    1.6. Advanced Non‐Ruminant Nutrition Swine‐ Nutrients and their
    metabolism with special reference to growth and quality of meat
    production, Nutrient requirement and feed formulation for baby
    growing and finishing pigs.
    1.7. Advanced Applied Animal Nutrition‐ A critical review and
    evaluation of feeding experiments, digestibility and balance studies.
    Feeding standards and measures of feed energy. Nutrition
    requirements for growth, maintenance and production Balanced
    rations.
    2. Animal Physiology :
    2.1. Growth and Animal Production: Prenatal and postnatal growth,
    maturation, growth curves, measures of growth factors affecting
    growth, conformation, body composition meat quality.
    2.2. Milk production and reproduction and digestion‐Current status
    of hormonal control of mammary, development milk secretion and
    milk ejection, composition of milk of cows and buffaloes. Male and
    female reproduction organs their components and function. Digestive
    organs and their functions.
    2.3. Environmental Physiology ‐ Physiological relations and their
    regulation; mechanisms of adaption, environmental factors and
    regulatory mechanism involved in animal behaviour, methods of
    controlling climatic stress.
    2.4. Semen quality: Preservation and Artificial insemination
    Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa chemical and
    physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in
    vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen preservation, composition
    of diluents, sperm concentration transport of diluted semen. Deep
    Freezing techniques in cows, sheep and goats, swine and poultry.
    3. Livestock Production and management.
    57
    3.1. Commercial Dairy Farming—comparison of dairy farming in
    India with advanced countries. Dairying under mixed farming and as
    a specialised farming, economic dairy farming, starting of a dairy farm.
    Capital and land requirement, organisation of the dairy farm.
    Procurement of goods; opportunities in dairy farming, factors
    determining the efficiency of dairy animal, Herd recording,
    budgeting, cost of milk production, pricing policy; Personnel
    Management.
    3.2. Feeding practices of dairy‐cattle‐Developing Practical and
    Economic ration for dairy cattle, supply of greens throughout the
    year, field and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm, Feeding regimes
    for day and young stock and bulls, heifers and breeding animals; new
    trends in feeding young and adult stock; Feeding records.
    3.3. General problems of sheep, goat, pigs and poultry
    management.
    3.4. Feeding of animals under drought conditions.
    4. Milk Technology:
    4.1. Organization of rural milk procurement, collection and
    transport of raw milk.
    4.2. Quality, testing and grading raw milk, Quality storage grades of
    whole milk. Skimmed milk and cream.
    4.3. Processing, packaging, storing distributing marketing defects
    and their control and nutritive properties of the following milks.
    Pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized,
    homogenized, reconstituted, recombined, field and flavoured milks.
    4.4. Preparation of cultured milks, cultures and their management.
    Vitamin D soft curd acidified and other special milks.
    4.5. Legal standards, Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk
    and for the milk plant equipment.
    58
    Paper‐II
    1. Genetics and Animal breeding: Probability applied to Mendelian
    inheritance Hardy Weinberg Law. Concept and measurement of
    inbreeding and heterozygosity Wright's approach in contrast to
    Malecot's Estimation of Parameters and measurements. Fishers
    theorem of natural selection, polymorphism. Polygenic systems and
    inheritance of quantitative traits. Casual components of variation
    Biometrical models and covariance between relatives. The theory of
    Patho coefficient applied to quantitative genetic analysis. Heritability
    Repeatability and selection models.
    1.1. Population, Genetics applied to Animal Breeding‐Population Vs.
    individual, population size and factors changing it. Gene numbers, and
    their estimation in farm animals, gene frequency and zygotic
    frequency and forces changing them, mean and variance approach to
    equilibrium under different situations, sub‐division of phenotypic
    variance; estimation of additive non‐additive genetic and
    environmental variances in Animal population. Mendelism and
    blending inheritance. Genetic nature of differences between species,
    races, breeds and other sub‐specific grouping and the grouping and
    the origin of group differences. Resemblances between relatives.
    1.2. Breeding systems ‐ Heritability repeatability, genetics and
    environmental correlations, methods of estimation and the precision
    of estimates of animal data. Review of biometrical relations between
    relatives, mating systems, inbreeding outbreeding and uses
    phenotypic assortive mailing aids to selections. Family structure of
    animal population under non random mating systems. Breeding for
    threshold trans, selection index, its precision. General and specific
    combining ability, choice of effective breeding plans.
    Different types and methods of selection, their
    effectiveness and limitations, selection indices construction of
    selection in retrospect; evaluation of genetic gains through selection,
    correlated response in animal experimentations.
    Approach to estimation of general and specific combining
    ability, Diallele, fractional dialele crosses, reciprocal recurrent
    selection: inbreeding and hybridization.
    59
    2. Health and Hygiene‐Anatomy of Ox and Fowl. Histological
    technique freezing, paraffin embeding etc. Preparation and staining of
    blood films.
    2.1. Common histological stains, Embryology of a cow.
    2.2. Physiology of blood and its circulation, respiration, excretion,
    Endocrine glands in health and disease.
    2.3. General knowledge of pharmacology and therapeutics of drugs.
    2.4. Vety Hygiene with respect of water, air and habitation.
    2.5. Most common cattle and poultry diseases, their mode of
    infection, prevention and treatment etc. Immunity, General Principles
    and Problems of meat inspection jurisprudence of Vet practice.
    2.6. Milk Hygiene.
    3. Milk Product Technology‐Selection of raw materials assembling,
    production, processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk
    products such as Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Channa, Cheese; Condensed
    evaporated, dried milk and baby foods; Ice cream and Kulfi; byproducts;
    whey products, butter milk lactose and casein. Testing,
    Grading, judging milk products ISI and Agmark specifications, legal
    standards, quality control nutritive properties. Packaging, processing
    and operational control costs.
    4. Meat Hygiene
    4.1. Zoonosis Diseases transmitted from animals to man.
    4.2. Duties and role of Veterinarians in a slaughter house to provide
    meat that is produced under ideal hygienic conditions.
    4.3. By‐products from slaughter houses and their economic
    utilisation.
    60
    4.4. Methods of collection, preservation and processing of
    hormonal glands for medicinal use.
    5. Extension:
    5.1. Extension different methods adopted to educate farmers under
    rural conditions.
    5.2. Utilisation of fallen animals for profit extension education etc.
    5.3. Define Trysem Different possibilities and methods to provide
    self employment to educated youth under rural conditions.
    5.4. Cross breeding as a method of upgrading the local cattle.
    ANTHROPOLOGY
    Paper‐I
    Foundation of Anthropology
    Section I is compulsory, candidates may offer either section II ‐a
    or II‐b. Each section (i.e. I & II carries 150 marks)
    Section I
    i) Meaning and scope of Anthropology and its main branches; (1)
    Social‐cultural Anthropology (2) Physical Anthropology (3)
    Archaeological Anthropology (4) Linguistic Anthropology
    (5)Applied Anthropology
    ii) Community and Society institutions, group and association;
    culture and civilization; band and tribe.
    iii) Marriage: The problems of universal definition; incest and
    prohibited categories; preferential forms of marriage;
    marriage payments; the family as the corner stone of human
    society; universality and the family, functions of the family;
    diverse forms of family nuclear, extended, joint etc. Stability
    and change in the family.
    61
    iv) Kinship : Descent, residence, alliance, kins, terms and kinship
    behaviour, lineage and clan.
    v) Economic Anthropology: Meaning and scope; modes of
    exchange; barter and ceremonial exchange, reciprocity and
    redistribution; market and trade.
    vi) Political Anthropology: Meaning and scope: the. locus and
    power and the functions of Legitimate authority in different
    societies. Difference between State and Stateless political
    systems, Nation building processes in new State, law & justice
    in simpler societies.
    vii) Origins of religions: animism and animatism, difference
    between religions and magic.
    Tolemism and Taboo
    viii) Field work and field work traditions in Anthropology
    Section II‐a
    1. Foundations of the theory of organic evolution Lamarckism,
    Darwinism and the Synthetic theory. Human evolution, biological and
    cultural dimensions, Micro‐evolution.
    2. The order Primate. A Comparative study of Primates with
    special reference to the anthropoid apes and man.
    3. Fossil evidence for human evolution. Dryopithecus,
    Ramapithecus. Australopilkecines, Homoerectus (Pithecanthropines),
    homosapiens neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens.
    4. Genetics definition; The mendelian principles and its application
    to human population.
    5. Racial differentiation of Man and bases of racial classification
    morphological, serological and genetic. Role of heredity and
    environment in the formation of races.
    62
    6. The effects of nutrition in breeding and hybridization.
    Section II‐b
    1. Technique, method and methodology distinguished.
    2. Meaning of evolution biological and socio‐cultural, the basic
    assumptions of 19th century evolutionism. The comparative method.
    Contemporary trends in evolutionary studies.
    3. Diffusion and diffusionism ‐ American distributionism and
    historical ethnology of the German speaking ethnologists. The attack
    on the “the” comparative method by diffusionists and Franz Boss. The
    nature, purpose and methods of comparison in social cultural
    anthropology, Redcliffe‐Brown, Eggan, Oscar Lewis and Sarana.
    4. Patterns, basic personality construct and model personality.
    The relevance of anthropological approach to national character
    studies. Recent trends in psychological anthropology.
    5. Function and cause, Malinowski's contribution to functionalism
    in social anthropology. Function and structure Redcliff‐Brown, Fifth,
    Fortes and Nadel.
    6. Structuralism in linguistics and in social anthropology Levi‐
    Strauss and Leach in viewing social structure as a model the
    structuralist method in the study of myth. New Ethnography and
    formal semantic analysis.
    7. Norms and Values. Values as a category of anthropological
    description. Values of anthropologist and anthropology as a source of
    values. Cultural relativism and the issue of universal values.
    8. Social anthropology and history, Scientific and humanistic
    studies distinguished. A critical examination of the plea for the unity
    of method of the natural and social sciences. The nature and logic of
    anthropological field work method and its autonomy.
    INDIAN ANTHROPOLOGY
    63
    Paper‐II
    Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Protonistoric (Indus
    civilization) dimensions of Indian culture.
    Distribution and racial and linguistic elements in Indian
    population.
    The basis of Indian social system: Verna, Ashram, Purusharatha,
    Caste, Joint family.
    The growth of Indian anthropology. Distinctiveness of
    anthropological contribution in the study of tribal and peasant
    sections of the Indian population. The basic concepts used Great
    tradition and little tradition. Sacred complex Universalization and
    parochialization, sanskritization and Westernization ; Dominant caste.
    Tribe‐caste continum, Nature‐Man‐Spirit complex.
    Ethnographic profiles of Indian tribes; racial linguistic and socioeconomic
    characteristic. Problems of tribal peoples land alienation,
    indebtedness, lack of educational facilities, shifting cultivation,
    migration, forests and tribals unemployment agricultural labour.
    Special problems of hunting and food gathering and other minor
    tribes.
    The problems of culture contact; impact of urbanization and
    industrialization depopulation regionalism, economic and
    psychological frustrations.
    History of tribal administration. The constitutional'
    safeguards for the Scheduled Tribes, Policies, Plans programmes of
    tribal development and their implementations. The response of the
    tribal people to the government measures for them. The different
    approaches to tribal problems. the role of anthropology in tribal
    development.
    The constitutional provisions regarding the scheduled caste.
    Social disabilities suffered by the scheduled castes and the socio
    economic problems faced by them.
    64
    Issues relating to national integration.
    BOTANY
    Paper‐I
    1. Microbiology: viruses, bacteria, plasmids‐ structure and
    reproduction. General account of infection and immunology,
    Microbes in agriculture industry & medicine, and air, soil and water.
    Control of pollution using micro‐organisms.
    2. Pathology: Important plant diseases in India caused by viruses,
    bacteria, mycoplasma, fungi and nematodes. Modes of infection,
    dissemination, physiology and parasitism and methods of control,
    Mechanism of action of biocides. Fungal toxins.
    3. Cryptogams Structure and reproduction from evolutionary
    aspect and ecology and economic importance of algae‐fungi,
    bryophytes and pteridophytes. Principal distribution in India.
    4. Phanerogams: Anatomy of wood, secondary growth Anatomy
    of C and C plants. Stomatal types Embryology, barriers to sexual
    incompatibility. Seed structure, Apomixis and polyembryony.
    Palynology and its applications. Comparison of systems of
    classification of angiosperms. Modern trends in biosystematics.
    Taxonomic and economic importance of Cycadaceae, Pinaceae,
    Gnetabes, Magnoliaceae, Ranunculaceae, Cruciferae, Rosaceae,
    Leguminosae, Euphorbiaceae. Malvaceae Dipterocarpaceae.
    Umbelliferae, Asclepiadaceae, Verbaneceae, Solanceae, Rubiaceae,
    cucurbitaceae. Compositae, Gramineae, Plame, Liliaceae. Musacease
    and Orchidaceae.
    5. Morphogenesis, Polarity symmetry and totipotency.
    Differentiation and dedifferentiation of cells and organs. Factors of
    morphogenesis, Methodology and applications of cell, tissues, organ
    and protoplast cultures from vegetative and reproductive parts,
    Somatic hybrids.
    Paper‐II
    65
    Cell Biology : Scope and perspective General knowledge of
    modern tools and techniques in the study of cytology‐Prokarytic and
    eukaryotic cells‐structural and ultrastructural details. Functions of
    organelles including membrances. Detailed study of mitosis and
    meiosis.
    Numerical and structural variations in chromosome and their
    significance. Study of poltyene and lampbrush chromosomesstructure,
    behaviour and cytological significance.
    2. Genetics and Evolutions: Development of genetics and gene
    concept. Structure and role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis and
    reproduction. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression. Gene
    amplification. Mutation and evolution, Multiple factors, linkage and
    crossing over. Methods of gene mapping. Sex chromosomes and sex
    linked inheritance. Male sterility, its significance in plant breeding.
    Cytoplasmic inheritance. Elements of human genetics. standard
    deviation and Chi‐square analysis. Gene transfer in micro‐organisms.
    Genetic engineering. Organic‐evolution evidence, mechanism and
    theories.
    Physiology and Biochemistry: Detailed study of water relations.
    Mineral nutrition and ion/transport. Mineral deficiencies.
    Photosynthesis‐mechanism and importance, photosystems I and II,
    photorespiration. Respiration and fermentation. Nitrogen fixation and
    nitrogen metabolism. Protein synthesis. Enzymes. Importance of
    secondary metabolites. Pigments as photoreceptors, photoperiodism,
    flowering.
    Growth indices, growth movements. Senescence.
    Growth substances their chemical nature, role and
    applications in agri‐ horticulture.
    Agrochemicals, Stress physiology. Vernalization Fruit and seed
    physiology ‐dormancy, storage and germination of seed.
    Parthenocarphy, fruit ripening.
    Ecology: Ecological factors. Concept and dynamics of
    community, succession. Concept of biospheres. Conservation of
    66
    ecosystems. Pollution and its control. Forest types of India.
    Afforestation, deforestation and social forestry Endangered plants.
    Economic Botany: Origin of cultivated plants. Study of plants as
    sources of food, fodder and forage, fatty oils, wood and timber, fiber,
    paper rubber, beverages, alcohol, drugs, .narcotics, resins and gums,
    essential oils, dyes, mucilage, insecticides and pesticides, Plant
    indicators Ornamental plants. Energy plantation.
    CHEMISTRY
    Paper‐1
    1. Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Quantum theory,
    Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, Schrödinger wave equation (time
    independent) Interpretation of the wave function, particle in a one
    dimensional box, quantum numbers, hydrogen atom wave functions.
    Shapes of s.p. and d orbitals, ionic bond, Lattice energy, Born Haber
    cycle, Fajans rule, dipole moment, characteristics of ionic compounds,
    electro‐negativity differences.
    Covalent bond and its general characteristics; valence bond
    approach Concept of resonance and resonance energy. Electronic
    configuration of H2, H2N03, F, NO, CO and HF molecules in terms of
    molecular orbital approach. Sigma and pi bonds, bond order, bond
    strength and bond length.
    2. Thermodynamics: Work, heat and energy: First law of
    thermodynamics Enthalpy, heat capacity Relationship between Cp
    and Cv. Laws of thermo‐chemistry Kirchoffs equation Spontaneous
    and non‐spontaneous changes, second law of thermodynamics,
    Entropy changes in gases for reversible and irreversible processes.
    Third law of thermodynamics Free energy, variations of free energy of
    a gas with temperature, pressure and volume. Gibbs‐Helmholtz
    equation. Chemical potential, Thermodynamic criteria for equilibrium.
    Free energy change in chemical reaction and equilibrium constant.
    Effect of temperature and pressure on chemical equilibrium.
    Calculation of equilibrium constants from thermodynamic
    measurements.
    67
    3. Solid State: Forms of solids, law of constancy of interfacial
    angles crystal systems and crystal classes (crystallographic groups).
    Designation of crystal laces, lattice structure and unit cell. laws of
    rational indices. Bragg's law X‐ray diffraction by crystals. Defects in
    crystals Elementary study of liquid crystals.
    4. Chemical kinetics : Order and molecularity of a reaction. Rate
    equations (differential and integrated forms) of zero, first and second
    order reactions half life of a reaction. Effect of temperature, pressure
    and catalysts on reaction rates. Collision theory of reaction rates of
    bimolecular reactions. Absolute reaction rate theory. Kinetics of
    polymerisation and photo chemical reactions.
    5. Electrochemistry : Limitations of Arrhenius theory of
    dissociation, Debye‐huckel theory of strong electrolytes and its
    quantitative treatment. Electrolytic conductance theory and theory of
    activity coefficients. Derivation of limiting laws for various equilibria
    and transport properties of electrolyte solutions.
    6. Concentration cells, liquid junction potential, application of
    e.m.f measurements of fuel cells.
    7. Photochemistry : Absorption of light, Lambert‐Beer's Laws. Laws
    of photochemistry. Quantum efficiency. Reasons for high and low
    quantum yields. Photoelectric cells.
    8. General Chemistry of 'd' block elements.
    (a) Electronic configuration; Introduction to theories of bonding
    in transition metal complexes, Crystal field Theory and its
    modifications; applications of the theories in the explanation of
    magnetism and electronic spectra of metal complexes.
    (b) Metal Carbonyls: Cyclopentadienyl, Olefin and acetylene
    complexes.
    68
    (c) Compounds with metal ‐metal bonds and metal atom
    clusters.
    9. General Chemistry of 'f' block elements Lanthanides and
    actinides: Separations, Oxidation states, magnetic and spectral
    properties.
    10. Reactions in non aqueous solvents (liquid ammonia and sulphur
    dioxide).
    Paper‐II
    Reaction mechanisms: General methods (both kinetic and nonkinetic)
    of study of mechanisms of organic reactions illustrated by
    examples:
    Formation and stability of reactive intermediates (carbocations,
    carbanions, free redicals, carbenes, nitrenes and benzynes)
    SN 1 and SN2 mechanisms ‐ Hi, E2 and EtcB eliminations‐cis and
    trans addition to carbon, to carbon double bonds‐mechanism of
    addition to carbon oxygen double bonds ‐ Michael addition‐addition
    to conjugated carbon‐carbon double bonds ‐ aromatic electrophilic
    and nucleophilic substitutions allylic &. benzylic substitutions.
    2. Pericyclic reactions‐ Classification and examples an elementary
    study of Woodward Hoffmann rules of pericyclic reactions.
    3. Chemistry of the following name reactions Aldol condensation,
    Claisen condensation, Dieck‐mann reaction, Perkin reaction, Reimer‐
    Tieman reaction, Cannizzaro reaction.
    4. Polymeric Systems
    (a) Physical chemistry of polymers, End group analysis,
    Sedimentation, Light Scattering and viscosity of polymers.
    (b) Polyethylene, Polystyrene, Polyvinyl Chloride, Ziegler Natta
    Catalysis, Nylon Terylene.
    69
    (c) Inorganic Polymeric Systems; Phosphonitric halide
    compounds; silicones, Borazines. Friedel ‐ Craft reaction, Reformatsky
    reaction, Pinacol pinacolone, Wagner‐ Meerwein' and Beckmann
    rearrangements and their mechanism ‐ uses of the following reagents
    in organic synthesis: O5O4HIO4, NBS, diborane, Na‐liquid ammonia,
    NaBH4, LiA IH4
    5. Photochemical reactions of organic and inorganic compounds,
    types of reactions and examples and synthetic uses‐Methods used in
    structure determination; Principles and applications of UV‐visible, IR,
    IH, NMH, and mass spectra for structure determination of simple
    organic and inorganic molecules.
    6. Molecular Structural determinations: Principles and
    Applications to simple organic and inorganic Molecules.
    i) Rotational spectra of diatomic molecules (Infra red and
    Raman), isotopic substitutions and rotational constants.
    ii) Vibrational spectra of diatomic linear symmetric, linear
    asymmetric and bent triatomic molecules (infrared and
    Raman)
    iii) Specificity of the functional groups (Infrared and Raman)
    iv) Electronic Spectra ‐ Singlet and triplet states, conjugated,
    double bonds, alpha beta. unsaturated carbonyl compounds.
    v) Nuclear magnetic resonance: Chemical shifts, spin‐spin
    Coupling.
    vi) Electron Spin Resonance: Study of inorganic complexes and
    free radicals.
    CIVIL ENGINEERING
    Paper I
    A) Theory and Design of Structure
    70
    a) Theory Structures: Energy theorems Castrigliano I theorems I
    and II: Unit load method and method of consistent deformation to
    beams and pinjointed plane frames. Slope deflection, Moment
    distribution and Kani methods of analysis applied to indeterminate
    beams and rigid frames.
    Moving loads: Criteria for maximum sheer force and bending
    moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads influence
    lines for simply supported plane pinjointed, girders.
    Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches rib.
    Shortening and temperature effects. Influence lines.
    Matrix: Methods of analysis. Force method and displacement
    method.
    b) Structural Steel: Factors of safety and load factors.
    Designs of tension and compression members. Beams of built
    up section, riveted and welded plate girders. Gantry girders.
    Stanchions with battens and facing, Slab and gusseted bases.
    Design of Highway and Railway Bridges: Through and deck type
    plate girder. Warren girder and Pratruss.
    c) Reinforced concrete, Limit state, method, design.
    Recommendations of IS codes. Design of one way and two way slabs,
    staircase slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular T and L
    sections.
    Compression members under direct load with or without
    accentricity fottings isolated and combined.
    Retaining walls, Cantilever and counterfort types. Methods and
    systems of prestressing. Anchorages Analysis and design of sections
    for flexure, loss of prestress
    (B) FLUID MECHANICS
    71
    Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics
    including forces acting on plane and curved surfaces.
    Kinematics and Dynamics and fluid flow velocity and
    accelerations, stream lines equation of continuity ir‐rotational and
    rotational flows velocity potential and stream function, flow nets and
    methods of drawing flow net sources and sinks flow separation and
    stagnation.
    Euler's equation of motion, energy and momentum equation
    and their application to pipe flow free and forced vortices, plane and
    curved stationary and moving vanes sluice gates weirs otieive meters
    and venturimeters.
    Dimensional Analysis and similitude, Buckingham’s Pi theorem
    similarities models laws undistorted and distorted models movable
    bed models model calibration.
    Laminar Flow: Laminar flow between parallel stationary and
    moving plates, flow through tube Reynolds experiments lubrication
    principles.
    Boundary Layers: Laminar and turbulent boundary Layer on a
    flat plate laminar sub layer smooth and rough boundaries drag and
    lift.
    Turbulent Flow Through Pipes: Characteristics of turbulent flow,
    velocity distribution and variation of friction factor, hydraulic grade
    line and total energy line siphons expansions and contractions in
    pipes, pipe networks water hammer.
    Open Channel flow Uniform and non‐uniform flows specific
    energy and specific force critical depth, resistance equations and
    variation of roughness coefficient. Rapidly varied flow, flow in
    contractions, flow at sudden drop, hydraulic jump and its applications,
    surges and waves, Gradually varied flow differential equation for
    gradually varied flow classification of surface profiles control section
    step method of integration of varied flow equation.
    (C) SOIL MECHANICS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING
    72
    Soil composition influence of clay minerals on engineering
    behaviour. Effective stress principles, change in effective stress due to
    water flow condition Static water table and steady flow conditions.
    Permeability and compressibility of soils.
    Strength behaviour, strength determination through direct and
    triaxial tests Total and effective stress strength parameters Total and
    effective stress paths.
    Methods of site exploration, planning a sub‐surface exploration
    programme sampling procedures and sampling disturbance.
    Penetration tests and plate load tests and data interpretation.
    Foundation types and selection. Footings, rafts, piles, floating
    foundations, effect of footing shapes, dimensions, depth of
    embedment load inclination and ground water on bearing capacity.
    Settlement components. Computation for immediate and
    consolidation settlements limits on total and differential settlement
    correction for rigidity.
    Deep foundations, philosophy of deep foundations, piles,
    estimation of individual and group capacity. Static and dynamic
    approaches. Pile load tests, separation into skin friction and point
    bearing under‐reamed piles. Well foundations for bridges and aspects
    of design.
    Earth pressure, states of plastic equilibrium. Cullman’s
    procedure for determination of lateral, thrust determination of anchor
    force and depth of penetration. Reinforced earth retaining walls
    concept, Materials and applications.
    Machine foundations, Modes of vibrations. Determination of
    natural frequency, Criteria for design. Effect of vibration on soils.
    Vibration isolation.
    (D) COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
    Types of computers ‐ components of computers, history and
    development different languages.
    73
    Fortran/Basic programming constant variables expressions
    arithmetic statements library functions control statements
    unconditional GO‐TO statements computed GO‐TO Statements IF and
    DO statements CONTINUE CALL RETURN STOP END Statements 1/0
    Statements FORMATS field specifications.
    Subscripted variables arrays DIMENSION statement function
    and sub routine sub‐programmes application to simple Problems with
    flow charts in Civil Engineering.
    Paper‐ II
    Note:— Candidate shall answer questions from any two parts.
    PART A
    BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
    Physical and mechanical properties of construction materials
    factors influencing selection brick and clay products limes and
    cements polymeric materials and special uses, damp proofing
    materials.
    Bickward for walls type cavity walls design of brick masonry
    walls as per LS code factors of safely serviceability and strength
    requirements detailing of walls floors roofs ceiling finishing of building
    plastering pointing painting.
    Functional planning of buildings orientation of buildings
    elements of fire proof construction repair to damaged and cracked
    buildings use of teno cement, more reinforced and polymer concrete
    in construction techniques and materials for low cost housing.
    Building estimates and specifications construction scheduling
    PERT and CPM methods.
    PART B
    TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
    74
    Railway: Permanent way ballast sleeper, fastenings points and,
    crossing different types or turn outs cross‐over. Setting out of points.
    Maintenance of track super‐elevation creep of rail ruling
    gradients trick resistance, tractive effort, curve resistance.
    Station yards and machinery, Station building platform siding
    cum tables signals and interlocking level crossings.
    Roads and Railways, Traffic engineering and traffic surveys,
    Inter sections, road signs signals and marking.
    Classification of roads, planning and geometric design.
    Design of flexible and rigid pavements. Indian Roads congress
    Guidelines on pavement, layers and design methodologies.
    PART C
    WATER RESOURCE AND IRRIGATION ENGINEERING
    Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation,
    transpiration depression, storage, infiltration, hydrograph unit,
    hydrograph frequency analysis, flood estimation.
    Ground water flow, Specific yield, storage coefficient,
    coefficient of permeability. Confined and unconfined aquifers. Radial
    flow into a well under confined and unconfined conditions. Tubewells
    pumping and recuperation tests. Ground water potential.
    Water resources planning. Ground and surface water resources
    single and multipurpose projects. Storage capacity of reservoirs,
    reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation, flood routing through
    reservoirs. Economics of water resources projects.
    Water requirements for crops, consumptive use of water.
    Quality of irrigation water, duty and delta, Irrigation methods and
    their efficiencies.
    75
    Canals: Distribution system for canal irrigation, Canal capacity,
    canal losses, Alignment of main and distributory canals. Most efficient
    section, lined channels their design, regime theory, Critical shear
    stress bed load. Local and suspended load. Transport cost. Analysis
    of lined and unlined canals. Drainage behind lining.
    Water Logging: Causes and control, Drainage system. Design
    salinity.
    Canal structures: Design of regulation, cross drainage and
    communication works, cross regulators, head regulators, canal falls,
    aqueducts, metering, flumes and outlets. Diversion head works,
    Principles of design of weirs on permeable and impermeable
    foundations. Khosla's theory Energy dissipation. Stilling basins,
    sediments exclusion. Storage Works, Types of dams design. Principles
    of rigid gravity and earth dams stability analysis foundation
    treatment joints and galleries. Control of seepage construction
    methods and machinery.
    Spillways: Types, crest, gates, energy Dissipation River training,
    objectives of river training. Methods of river training.
    PART‐D
    ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
    Water supply : Estimation of water resources, ground and
    surface water. Ground water hydraulic, predicting demand of water.
    Impurities of water and their significance. Physical chemical and
    bacteriological analysis, water borne diseases. Standards for portable
    water.
    Intake of water, Pumping and gravity schemes. Water
    treatment Principles of coagulation flocculation and sedimentation.
    Slow rapid pressure, biflow and multi‐media filters, chlorination,
    softening, removal of taste odour and salinity.
    Water storage and distribution. Storage and balancing
    reservoirs‐ types location and capacity.
    76
    Distribution systems: Layout hydraulics of pipelines. Pipe fittings
    valves including check and pressure. Reducing valves meters analysis
    of distribution systems using Hardy Cross Method General principles
    of optimal, design based on cost headloss ratio criterion. Leak
    detection maintenance of distribution systems pumping stations and
    their operations.
    Sewerage systems: Domestic and industrial wastes, storm
    sewage, separate and combined systems flow through sewers. Design
    of sewers, sewer appurtenances. Manholes inlets. Junctions syphon.
    Sewage characterisation. BOD COD solids. Dissolved oxygen,
    nitrogen and TOS, Standards of disposal in normal water course and
    on land.
    Sewage treatment: Working principles, Units chambers
    sedimentation tank, trickling, filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge
    process septic tank disposal of sludge. Recycling of waste water.
    Solid Waste: Collection and disposal. Environmental pollution.
    Ecological balance. Water pollution control acts. Radio active wastes
    and disposal. Environmental impact. Assessment for thermal power
    plants, mines.
    Sanitation: Site and orientation of buildings. Ventilation and
    damp proof courses. House drainage. Conservancy and water born
    system of waste disposal. Sanitary appliances, latrines and urinals.
    Rural sanitation.
    COMMERCE AND ACCOUNTANCY
    PAPER I
    ACCOUNTING AND FINANCE
    Part 1 : Accounting, Auditing and Taxation:
    Accounting as a financial information system impact of
    behavioural Science methods of accounting of changing price levels
    with particular reference to Current Purchasing Power (CPP)
    77
    accounting advanced problems of company accounts. Amalgamation
    absorption and Reconstruction of companies accounting of holding
    companies ‐ Valuation of shares and goodwill controllership functions
    Property control legal and management.
    Important provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961. Definition,
    Change of Income Tax, Exemptions, Depreciation and Investment
    allowance‐Simple problems of computation of income under the
    various heads and determination of assessable income‐income Tax
    authorities.
    Nature and functions of Cost Accounting Cost classification
    Techniques of segregating, semi variable costs into fixed and variable
    components Job costing FIFO and weighted average methods of
    calculating equivalent units of production Reconciliation of cost and
    financial accounts marginal cost volume profit relationship; Algebric
    formulae and graphical , representation shutdown point Techniques
    of cost control and cost reduction Budgetary control florible budgets
    standard costing and variable analysis 'Responsibility accounting bases
    of charging overheads and their inherent fallacy costing for pricing
    decision.
    Significances of the assets function programming the audit
    work valuation and verification of assets fixed wasting and current
    assets verification of liabilities Audit of limited companies
    appointment status powers duties and liabilities of the auditor
    Auditor's report Audit of share capital and transfer of shares Special
    points in the audits of banking and insurance companies.
    Part‐II: Business, Finance and Financial Institution.
    Concept and scope of Financial Management Financial goals
    of corporations Capital budgeting Rules of the thumb and discounted
    cash flow approaches incorporating uncertainty in investment
    decisions designing and optimal capital structure weighed average
    cost of capital and the controversy surrounding the Modigliani and
    Miller model sources of raising short term intermediate and long term
    finance Role of public and convertable debenture. Norms and
    guidelines regarding debt‐equity ratio. Determinants of an optimal
    dividend policy optimising models of James E Walter and John
    78
    Lintner forms of dividend payment structure of working and
    capital and the variable affecting the level of difference of
    components. Cash flow approach of forecasting working capital needs
    profiles of working capital in Indian Industries Credit Management
    and credit policy consideration of tax in relation to financial planning
    and cash flow statements.
    Organisation and deficiencies of Indian Money Market structure
    of assets and liabilities of commercial banks. Achievements and
    failures of nationalisation. Regional rural banks, Recommendations of
    the Tandon (P. L. study group) on following of bank credit 1976 and
    their revision by the Chore (K.B) Committee, 1979. An assessment of
    the monetary and credit policies of the Reserve Bank of India,
    Constituents of the Indian Capital Market Functions and working of All
    India term financial institutions (lDBI, IFCI, ICICI and ITCI) Investment
    policies of the Life Insurance Corporation of India and the Unit Trust
    of India Present State of stock exchanges and their regulation.
    Provision of the Negotiable Instruments Act 1881.
    Crossings and endorsements with particular reference to
    statutory protection to the paying and collecting bankers Salient
    provision of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 with regard to
    chartering supervision and regulation of banks.
    PAPER‐II
    ORGANISATION THEORY AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS.
    Part‐I: Organisation Theory:
    Nature and concept of organisation, Organisation, goals,
    primary and secondary goals, ends means chain. Displacement
    succession expansion and multiplication of goals. Format
    organisation. Type Structure. Line and Staff functional matrix and
    project. Informal organisation, functions and limitations.
    Evolution of organisation Theory. Classical, Neoclassical, and
    system approach. Bureaucracy: Nature and basis of power sources of
    power, power structure and politics. Organisational behaviour as a
    79
    dynamic system, technical, social, and power systems. Interrelations
    and interactions Perception status system theoretical and empirical
    foundation of Maslow, Mcgregore, Herzberg, Likert Vroom porter and
    Lawler Adam and Human Models of motivation Morale and
    productivity Leadership: Theories and styles management of conflicts
    in organisation. Transactional Analysis‐Significance of culture to
    organisations Limits of rationality, Simon March approach
    Organisational change, adaptation, growth and development.
    Organisation control and effectiveness.
    Part II: Industrial Relations:
    Nature and scope of industrial relations, Industrial labour in
    India and its commitment Theories of unionism. Trade Union
    movement in India. Growth and structure. Role of outside leadership
    Workers education and other problems. Collective bargaining
    approaches, conditions, limitations and its effectiveness in Indian
    conditions. Workers participation in management philosophy rational.
    Present day state of affairs and its future prospects.
    Prevention and settlement of industrial disputes in India.
    Preventive measures Settlement machinery and other measures in
    practice Industrial relations in Public enterprises. Absenteeism and
    Labour turn over in Indian industries Relative Wages and Wage
    differentials Wage Policy in India.
    The Bonus issue. International Labour Organisation and
    India. Role of personnel department in the organisation. Executive
    development personnel policies, personnel audit and personnel
    research.
    ECONOMICS
    Paper‐I
    1. The framework of an Economy: National income Accounting.
    2. Economic choice: Consumer behaviour, Producer behaviour
    and market forms.
    80
    3. Investment decisions and determination of income and
    employment Micro‐economic models of income distribution and
    growth.
    4. Banking objectives and Instruments of Central Banking and
    Credit policies in a planned developing economy.
    5. Types of taxes and their Impacts on the economy. The
    impacts of the size and the content of Budgets Objectives and
    instruments of budgetary and fiscal policy in a planned developing
    economy.
    6. International trade tariffs. The rate of exchange. The
    balance of payments.
    International monetary and banking institutions.
    Paper‐II
    1.The Indian Economy: Guiding principles of Indian Economic
    policy. Planned growth and distributive justice, Eradication of poverty.
    The institutional frame work of the Indian economy‐Federal
    governmental structure‐Agricultural and industrial sectors Public and
    private sectors. National income‐its sectoral and regional distribution.
    Extent and incidence of poverty.
    2. Agricultural Production: Agricultural policy land reforms
    technological change. Relationship with the industrial sector.
    3. Industrial Production: Industrial Policy public and private
    sectors. Regional distribution. Control of monopolies and
    monopolistic practices.
    4. Pricing Policies for agricultural and industrial outputs
    procurement and public distribution.
    5. Budgetary trends and fiscal policy.
    6. Monetary and credit trends and policy. Banking and other
    financial institutions.
    81
    7. Foreign trade and the balance of payments.
    8. Indian Planning Objectives strategy experience and problems.
    ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
    Paper‐I
    Network: Steady state analysis of d.c and a.c networks, network
    theorems, Matrix Algebra, network functions transient response
    frequency response, Laplace transform, Fourier series and Fourier
    transform, frequency spectral polezero concept, elementary network
    synthesis.
    Statics and Magnetics:
    Analysis of electrostatic and magnetostatic fields: Laplace and
    Poisson Equations, solution of boundary value problems. Maxwell's
    equations, electromagnetic wave propagation, ground. and space
    waves, propagation between earth station and satellites.
    Measurements:
    Basic methods of measurements, standards, error analysis,
    indicating instruments cathode ray oscilloscope; measurement of
    voltage current, power, resistance, inductance, capacitance, time,
    frequency and flux; electronic meters.
    Electronics:
    Vacuum and semiconductor devices: equivalent circuits
    transistor parameters, determination of current and voltage gain
    input and output impedances biasing technique, single and
    multistage, audio and radio small signal and large signal amplifiers and
    their analysis, feedback amplifiers and oscillators: wave shaping
    circuits and time base generators, analysis of different types of
    multivibrator and their uses; digital circuits.
    82
    Electrical Machines:
    Generation of e.m.f. —m.m. f and torque in rotating machines,
    motor and generator characteristics of d.c. synchronous and induction
    machines equivalent circuits, commutation parallel operation; phasor
    diagram and equivalent circuits of power transformer, determination
    of performance and efficiency, autotransformers, 3‐phase
    transformers.
    Paper‐II
    SECTION A
    Control Systems
    Mathematical modelling of dynamic linear control systems,
    block diagrams and signal flow graphs, transient response steady state
    error, stability, frequency response techniques, root‐locus techniques
    series compensation.
    Industrial Electronics
    Principles and design of single phase and polyphase rectifiers
    controlled rectification, smoothing filters; regulated power supplies,
    speed control circuits for drivers, inverters, a.c. to d.c. Conversion,
    Choppers; timers and welding circuits.
    SECTION B (Heavy currents)
    ELECTRICAL MACHINES
    Induction Machines ‐ Rotating magnetic field; poly phase,
    motor, principle of operation; Phasor diagram; Torque slip
    characteristic; Equivalent circuit and determination of its parameters;
    circle diagram; starters; speed control double cage motor; induction
    generator; Theory; Phasor diagram, characteristics and application of
    single phase motors. Application of two phase induction motor.
    Synchronous Machines ‐ e.m.f. equation phasor and circle
    diagrams operation on infinite bus: synchronizing power, operating
    characteristic and performance by different methods; sudden short
    circuit and analysis of oscillogram to determine machine reactances
    83
    and time constants, motor characteristics and performance methods
    of starting application. Special machines‐Amplidyne and metadyne
    operating characteristics and their applications.
    Power Systems and Protection ‐ General layout and economics
    of different types of power stations ; Baseload, peakload and
    pumped storage plants; Economics of different systems of d.c and a.c
    power distribution. Transmission line parameter calculation; concept
    of G.M.D. short, medium and long transmission line; insulators,
    voltage distribution in a string of insulators and grading;
    Environmental effects on insulators. Fault calculation by symmetrical
    components; load flow analysis and economic operation; steady state
    and transient stability; Switch‐gear Methods of arc extinction;
    Restriking and recovery voltage; testing of circuit breaker, Protective
    relays; protective schemes for power system equipment; C.T. and P.T.
    Surges in transmission lines; Traveling waves and protection.
    Utilisation ‐ Industrial drives electric motors for various drives
    and estimates of their rating; Behaviour of motor during starting
    acceleration, braking and reversing operation; Schemes of speed
    control for d.c and induction motors.
    Economic and other aspects of different systems of rail traction;
    mechanics of train movement and estimation of power and energy
    requirements and motor rating characteristics of traction motors,
    Dielectric and induction heating.
    OR
    SECTION C (Light Currents)
    Communication Systems ‐ Generation and detection of
    amplitude ‐ frequency phase and pulse modulate signals using
    oscillators, modulators and demodulators, Comparison of. modulated
    systems, noise, problems, channel efficiency sampling theorem, sound
    and vision broadcast transmitting and receiving system, antennas,
    feeders and receiving circuits, transmission line at audio radio and
    ultra high frequencies.
    84
    Microwaves ‐ Electromagnetic wave in guided media, wave
    guide components cavity resonators, microwaves tubes and solid
    state devices; Microwave generators and amplifiers, filters microwave
    measuring techniques microwave radiation pattern, communication
    and antenna systems, Radio aids to navigation.
    D.C. Amplifiers ‐ Direct coupled amplifiers, difference
    amplifiers, choppers and analog computation.
    GEOGRAPHY
    Paper‐ I
    Principles of Geography
    Section A: Physical Geography
    (i) Geomorphology ‐ Origin and evolution of the earth's crust;
    earth movements and plate tectonics; volcanism, rocks, weathering
    and erosion; cycle of erosion ‐ Davis and Penck fluvial, glacial and
    marine and Karst landforms; rejuvenated and polycyclic landforms.
    (ii) Climatology ‐ The atmosphere, its structure and composition;
    temperature; humidity, precipitation, pressure and winds; jet stream,
    air masses and fronts; cyclones and related phenomena; climatic
    classification ‐ Koeppon and Thorthwall; groundwater and
    hydrological cycle.
    (iii) Soils and vegetation ‐ Soil genesis, classification and
    distribution; Biotic successions and major biotic regions of the world
    with special reference to ecological aspects of savanna and monsoon
    forest biomes.
    (iv) Oceanography ‐ Ocean bottom relief; salinity, currents and
    tides; ocean deposits and coral reefs; marine resources ‐ biotic
    mineral, and energy resources and their utilization.
    (v) Ecosystem ‐ Ecosystem concept, inter‐relations of energy
    flows, water circulation, geomorphic processes, biotic communities
    85
    and soils; land capability, Man's impact on the ecosystem, global
    ecological imbalances.
    Section B: Human and Economic Geography
    (i) Development of Geographical Thought ‐ Contributions of
    European and Arab Geographers, determinism and possibilism,
    regional concept; system approach, models and theory; quantitative
    and behavioural revolutions in geography.
    (ii) Human Geography ‐ Emergence of man and traces of mankind;
    cultural evolution of man; Major cultural realms of the world;
    international migrations, past and present; world population
    distribution and growth; demographic transition and world population
    problems.
    (iii) Settlements Geography ‐ Concepts of rural and urban
    settlements; Origins of urbanization ; Rural settlement patterns ;
    central place theory; rank size and primate city distributions; city
    classification urban spheres of influence and the rural urban fringe;
    the internal structure of cities ‐ theories and cross cultural
    comparisons; problems of urban growth in the world.
    (iv) Political Geography ‐ Concepts of nation and state; frontiers
    boundaries and buffer zones; concept of heartland and rimland;
    federalism, political regions of the world; world geopolitics; resources,
    development and international politics.
    (v) Economic Geography ‐ World economics development ‐
    measurement and problems; world resources, their distribution
    and global problems, world energy crisis, the limits to growth, world
    agriculture ‐ typology and world agricultural regions ; theory of
    agricultural location diffusion of innovation and agricultural
    efficiency; world food and nutrition problems; world industry ‐
    theory of location of industries, world industrial patterns and
    problems, world of trade ‐ theory and world patterns.
    86
    Paper‐II
    GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
    Physical Aspects ‐ Geological history, physiography and
    drainage systems; origin and mechanism of the Indian monsoon,
    identification and distribution of drought and flood prone areas; soils
    and vegetation; land capability; schemes of natural physiographic
    drainage and climate regionalisation.
    Human Aspects ‐ Genesis of ethnic/racial diversities; tribal areas
    and their problems; the role of language, religion and culture in the
    formation of regions; historical perspectives on unity and diversity,
    population distribution, density, and growth, population problems
    and policies. Resources Conservation and utilisation of land, mineral,
    water, biotic and, marine resources; man and environment ‐
    ecological problems and their management. Agriculture ‐ The
    infrastructure, irrigation, power fertilizers, and seeds; institutional
    factors ‐land holdings, tenure, consolidation and land reforms,
    agricultural efficiency and productivity; intensity of cropping, crop
    combinations and agricultural regionalisation, green revolution, dry
    zone agriculture, and agricultural land use policy; food and nutrition;
    Rural economy ‐ animal husbandry, social forestry and household
    industry.
    Industry ‐ History of industrial development factors of
    localisation, study of mineral based, agro‐based and forest based
    industries, industrial decentralization and industrial policy; industrial
    complexes and industrial regionalisation, identification of backward
    areas and rural industrialisation.
    Transport and Trade‐ Study of the network of roadways,
    railways, airways and waterways competition and complementarity in
    regional context; passenger and commodity flows, infra and
    interregional trade and the role of rural market centres.
    Settlements ‐ Rural settlement patterns; urban development in
    India; Census concepts of urban areas, functional and hierarchical
    patterns of Indian cities, city regions and the rural urban fringe;
    87
    internal structure of Indian cities; town planning, slums and urban
    housing, national urbanisation policy.
    Regional Development and Planning ‐ Regional policies in Indian
    Five Years Plan; experiences of regional planning in India, multi‐level
    planning state, district and block level planning, Centre‐State
    relations and the constitutional framework for multi‐level planning.
    Regionalisation for planning for metropolitan regions; tribal and hill
    areas, drought prone areas command areas and river basins, regional
    disparities in development in India.
    Political Aspects‐ Geographical basis of Indian federalism, State
    reorganisation; regional consciousness and national integration; the
    international boundary of India and related issues; India and
    geopolitics of the Indian Ocean Area.
    GEOLOGY
    Paper‐I
    (General Geology, Geomorphology, Structural Geology,
    Palaeontology and Stratigraphy)
    (i) General Geology:
    Energy in relation to Geo‐dynamic activities. Origin and interior
    of the Earth. Dating of rocks by various methods and age of the Earth.
    Volcanoes ‐ causes and products; volcanic belts. Earthquakes‐causes,
    geological effect and distribution, relation to volcanic belts.
    Geosynclines and their classification. Island arcs, deep sea
    trenches and mid‐ocean ridges, sea‐floor spreading and plate
    tectonics, Isostracy Mountains ‐ types and origin. Brief ideas about
    continental drift, Origin of continents and oceans. Radioactivity and its
    application to geological problems.
    (ii) Geomorphology:
    Basic concepts and significance. Geomorphic processes and
    parameters. Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation. Relief
    88
    features; topography and its relation to structures and lithology.
    Major landforms Drainage systems. Geomorphic features of Indian
    subcontinent.
    (iii) Structural Geology:
    Stress and strain ellipsoid, and rock deformation. Mechanics of
    folding and faulting. Linear and planer structures and their genetic
    significance. Petrofabric analysis, its graphic representation and
    application to geological problems. Tectonic framework of India.
    (iv) Palaeontology :
    Micro and Macro‐fossils, Modes of preservation and utility of
    fossil General idea about classification and nomenclature. Organic
    evolution and the bearing of paleontological studies on it.
    Morphology, classification and geological history including
    evolutionary trends of brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, ammonids,
    trilobites, echinoids and corals.
    Principal groups of vertebrates and their main morphological
    characters, Vertebrates life through ages; dinosaurs; Siwalik
    vertebrates. Detailed study of horses, elephants and man, Gondwana
    flora and its importance.
    Types of microfossils and their significance with special
    reference to petroleum exploration.
    (v) Stratigraphy:
    Principles of Stratigraphy. Stratigraphic classification and
    nomenclature. Standard stratigraphical scale. Detailed study of
    various geological systems of Indian subcontinent. Boundary problems
    in stratigraphy. Correlation of the major Indian formations with their
    world equivalents. An outline of the stratigraphy of various geological
    systems in their type‐areas. Brief study of climates and igneous
    activities in Indian subcontinent during geological past.
    Palaeogeographic reconstructions.
    89
    Paper‐II
    (Crystallography, Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology)
    (i) Crystallography:
    Crystalline and non‐crystalline substances. Special groups.
    Lattice symmetry. Classification of crystals into 32 classes of
    symmetry. International system of crystallographic notation. Use of
    stereographic projections to represent crystal symmetry. Twinning
    and twin laws. Crystal irregularities. Application of X‐rays for crystal
    studies.
    (ii) Optical Mineralogy:
    General principles of optics. Isotropism and anisotropism;
    concepts of optical indicatrix, Pleochroism; interference colours and
    extinction. Optic orientation in crystals. Dispersion, optical
    accessories.
    (iii) Mineralogy:
    Elements of crystal chemistry ‐ types of bondings. Ionic radiicoordination
    number, Isomorphism polymorphism &
    psudoneorphism. Structural classification of silicates. Detailed study
    of rock ‐ forming minerals ‐ their physical, chemical and optical
    properties, and uses, if any. Study of the alteration products of these
    minerals.
    (iv) Petrology:
    Magma, its generation, nature and composition. Simple phase
    diagrams of binary and ternary systems, and their significance.
    Bowen's Reaction Principle.. Magmatic differentiation; assimilation.
    Textures and structures, and their petrogenetic significance.
    Classification of igneous rocks.
    Petrography and Petrogenesis of important rock types of India;
    granites and granites charnockites and charnockites. Decan basalts.
    90
    Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks. Diagenesis and
    lithification. Textures and structures and their significance.
    Classification of sedimentary rocks, clastic and non‐clastic. Heavy
    minerals and their significance. Elementary concept of depositional
    environments, sedimentary facies and provenance. Petrography of
    common rock types.
    Variable of metamorphism. Types of metamorphism.
    Metamorphic grades, zones and facies. ACF, AKF and AEM diagram
    Textures, structures and nomenclature of metamorphic rocks.
    Petrography and petrogenesis of important rock types.
    (v) Economic Geology:
    Concept of ore, ore mineral and gangue; tenor or ores.
    Processes of formation of mineral deposits. Common forms and
    structures of ore deposits. Classification of ore deposits. Control of
    ore deposition Metalloginitic epochs. Study of important metallic and
    non metallic deposits, oil and natural gas fields, and coal fields of India
    Mineral wealth of India, Mineral economics, National Mineral Policy.
    Conservation and utilisation of minerals.
    (vi) Applied Geology:
    Essentials of prospecting and exploration techniques. Principal
    methods of mining, sampling, ore‐dressing and beneficiation.
    Application of Geology in Engineering works.
    Elements of soil and ground water geology and geochemistry.
    Use of aerial photographs in geological investigations.
    91
    HISTORY
    Paper‐1
    SECTION A
    History of India (Down to AD.750)
    (i) The Indus Civilization :
    Origins: Extent; characteristic features, major cities, Trade and
    contacts, causes of decline, Survival and continuity
    (ii) The Vedic Age :
    Vedic literature, Geographical area known to Vedic texts.
    Differences and similarities between Indus Civilization and Vedic
    culture. Political, social and economic patterns. Major religious ideas
    and rituals.
    (iii) The Pre‐Maurya Period :
    Religious movements (Jainism, Buddhism and other sects).
    Social and economic conditions. Republics and growth of Magadha
    imperialism.
    (iv) The Maurya Empire :
    Sources, Rise, extent and fall of the empire Administration,
    Social and Economic conditions. Ashoka's policy and reforms art.
    (v) The post‐Maurya Period (200 B.C.‐300 AD.):
    Principal dynasties in Northern and Southern India. Economy
    and society. Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil, Religion (rise of Mahayana
    and theistic cults). Art (gandhara, Mathura and other schools).
    Contacts with Central Asia.
    92
    (vi) The Gupta Age :
    Rise and fall of the Gupta Empire, the Vakalakas,
    Administration, society, economy, literature, art and religion. Contacts
    with South East Asia.
    (vii) Post‐Gupta period (B.C.500‐750 A.D.) :
    Pushyabhutis. The Maukharis. The later Guptas. Harshvardhana
    and his times. Chalukyas of Badami. The Pallavas, society,
    administration and art. The Arab conquest.
    (viii) General review of science and technology, education and
    learning.
    SECTION B
    MEDIEVAL INDIA
    INDIA: 750 A.D. to 1200 A.D.
    i) Political and Social conditions; the Rajputs their polity and
    social structure, Land structure, and its impact on society.
    ii) Trade and Commerce.
    iii) Art, Religion and Philosophy; Sankaracharya.
    iv) Maritime activities; contacts with the Arabs, Mutual, cultural
    impacts.
    v) Rashtrakutas, their role in History ‐ Contribution to art and
    culture. The Chola Empire Local Self Government, features of
    the Indian village system; Society, economy, art and learning
    in the South.
    vi) Indian society on the eve of Mahmud of Ghazni’s Campaigns;
    AI‐Biruni's observations.
    INDIA: 1200 ‐ 1785
    vii) Foundation of the Delhi Sultanate in Northern India: causes
    and circumstances; its impact on the Indian society.
    93
    viii) Khilji imperialism, significance and implications, Administrative
    and economic regulations and their impact on State and the
    People.
    ix) New Orientation of State policies and administrative principles
    under Muhammed bin Tughluq, Religious policy and public
    works of Firoz Shah.
    x) Disintegration of the Delhi Sultanate; causes and its effects on
    the Indian polity and society.
    xi) Nature and character of state; political ideas and institutions.
    Agrarian structure and relations, growth of urban centres,
    trade and commerce, condition of artisans and peasants, new
    crafts, industry and technology, Indian medicines.
    xii) Influence of Islam on Indian Culture. Muslim mystic
    movements; nature and significance of Bhakti Saints,
    Maharashtra Dharma; Role of the Vaisnave revivalist
    movement; social and religious significance of the Chaitanya
    Movement, impact of Hindu Society on muslim Social life.
    xiii) The Vijay Nagar Empire; its origin and growth; contribution to
    art, literature and culture, social and economic conditions;
    system of administration; breakup of the Vijaynagar Empire.
    xiv) Sources of History: important chronicles Inscriptions and
    Travellers Accounts.
    xv) Establishment of Mughal Empire in Northern India: political
    and social conditions in Hindustan on the eve of the Babur's
    invasion. Babur and Humayun Establishment of the
    Portuguese control in the Indian ocean, its political and
    economic consequences.
    xvi) Sur Administration, political, revenue and military
    administration.
    94
    xvii) Expansion of the Mughal Empire under Akbar: political
    unification; new concept of monarchy under Akbar; Akbar's
    religio‐political out‐look; Relations with the non‐Muslims.
    xviii) Growth of regional languages and literature during the
    medieval period, Development of art and architecture.
    xix) Political ideas and institutions; Nature of the Mughal State,
    land Revenue administration; The Mansabdari and the
    jagirdari systems, the land structure and the role of Zamindars,
    agrarian relations, the military organisation.
    xx) Aurangzeb's religious policy; expansion of the Mughal Empire
    in Deccan; Revolts against Aurangzeb ‐ Character and
    consequences,
    xxi) Growth of urban centres: industrial, economy‐ urban and
    rural; Foreign Trade and Commerce. The Mughals and the
    European trading companies.
    xxii) Hindu‐Muslim relations; trends of integration; composite
    culture (16th to 18th centuries).
    xxiii) Rise of Shivaji; his conflict with the Mughals; administration of
    Shivaji; expansion of the Maratha power under the Peshwas
    (1707‐1761); Maratha political structure under the First three
    Peshwas; Chauth and Sardeshmukhi; Third Battle of Panipat,
    causes and effects; emergence of the Maratha confederacy, its
    structure and role.
    xxiv) Disintegration of the Mughal Empire Emergence of the new
    Regional States.
    95
    PAPER II
    SECTION A
    MODERN INDIA
    (1757‐1947)
    1. Historical Forces and Factors which led to the British conquest
    of India with special reference to Bengal, Maharashtra and Sind;
    Resistance of Indian Powers and causes of their failure.
    2. Evolution of British Paramountcy over princely States.
    3. Stages of colonialism and changes in Administrative structure
    and policies. Revenue, Judicial and Social and Educational and their
    linkages with British colonial interests.
    4. British economic policies and their impact:
    Commercialisation of agriculture, Rural indebtedness, Growth of
    agriculture labour, Destruction of handicraft industries, drain of
    wealth, Growth of modern industry and rise of a capitalist class.
    Activities of the christian Missions.
    5. Efforts at regeneration of Indian society—Socio‐religious
    movements; social, religious, political and economic ideas of the
    reformers and their vision of future; nature and limitation of 19th
    Century “Renaissance” caste movements in general with special
    reference to South Indian and Maharashtra ; tribal revolts, specially in
    Central and Eastern India.
    6. Civil rebellions Revolt of 1857, Civil Rebellions and peasant
    Revolts with special reference to indigo revolt, Deccan riots and
    Mapplia uprising.
    7. Rise and growth of Indian National Movement ‐ Social basis of
    Indian nationalism policies, Programme of the early nationalists and
    militant nationalists, militant revolutionary group terrorists rise and
    Growth of communalism. Emergence of Gandhiji in Indian politics and
    his techniques of mass mobilisation; Non‐Cooperation, Civil
    Disobedience and Quit India Movement; Trade Union and peasant
    96
    movements State(s) people movements, Rise and growth of Left‐wing
    within the Congress ‐ The Congress Socialists and communists; British
    official response to National Movement Attitude of the Congress to
    Constitutional changes. 1909‐1935; Indian National Army. Naval
    Mutiny of 1946. The partition of India and Achievement of Freedom.
    SECTION B
    WORLD HISTORY (1500 ‐1950)
    A. Geographical Discoveries ‐ Decline of feudalism, Beginning of
    Capitalism. Renaissance and Reformation in Europe.
    The New absolute monarchies‐ Emergence of the Nation State.
    Commercial Revolution in Western Europe ‐ Mercantilism. Growth of
    Parliamentary institutions in England.
    The Thirty Years war. Its significance in European History.
    Ascendancy of France.
    B. The emergence of a scientific view of the world. The Age of
    Enlightenment. The American Revolution ‐ its significance.
    The French Revolution and Napoleonic Era (1789‐1815) Its
    significance in world History.
    The growth of liberalism and Democracy in Western Europe
    (1815‐ 1914). Scientific and Technological background to the
    Industrial Revolution‐Stages of the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
    Socialist and Labour Movements in Europe.
    C. Consolidation of Large Nation States‐ The Unification of Italy‐
    The founding of the German Empire.
    The American Civil War.
    Colonialism and Imperialism in Asia and Africa in the 19th and
    20th centuries. China and the Western Powers.
    97
    Modernisation of Japan and its emergence as a great power,
    The European Powers and the Ottoman Empire (1815‐1914).
    The First World War ‐ The Economic and Social impact of the
    War ‐The Peace of Paris, 1919.
    D. The Russian Revolution, 1917 ‐ Economic and Social
    Reconstruction in Soviet Union. Rise of Nationalist Movements in
    Indonesia, China and Indo‐China.
    Rise and establishment of Communism in China. Awakening in
    the Arab World‐Struggle for freedom and reform in Egypt‐Emergence
    of Modern Turkey under Kamal Ataturk ‐ The Rise of Arab nationalism.
    World Depression of 1929‐32
    The New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
    Totalitarianism in Europe ‐ Fascism in Italy, Nazism in Germany.
    Rise of Militarism in Japan. Origins and Impact of Second World War.
    LAW
    Paper‐1
    CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF INDIA
    1. Nature of the Indian Constitution; the distinctive features of its
    federal character.
    2. Fundamental Rights; Directive Principles and their relationship
    with Fundamental Rights; Fundamental Duties.
    3. Right to Equality.
    4. Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression.
    5. Right to Life and Personal Liberty.
    6. Religious, Cultural and Educational Rights.
    7. Constitutional Position of the President and relationship with
    the Council of Ministers.
    8. Governor and his Powers.
    9. Supreme Court and High Courts, their powers and jurisdictions.
    98
    10. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service
    Commission; their powers and functions.
    11. Principles of Natural Justice.
    12. Distribution of Legislative powers between the Union and the
    States.
    13. Delegated legislation: Its constitutionality, judicial and
    legislative controls.
    14. Administrative and Financial Relations between the Union and
    the States.
    15. Trade, Commerce and Intercourse of India.
    16. Emergency provisions.
    17. Constitutional safeguards to Civil Servants.
    18. Parliamentary privileges and immunities.
    19. Amendment of the Constitution.
    20. Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir and its development.
    INTERNATIONAL LAW
    1. Nature of International Law.
    2. Sources; Treaty, Custom, General Principles of Law recognized
    by civilized nations, subsidiary means for the determination of law.
    Resolutions of International Organs and Regulations of Specialized
    Agencies.
    3. Relationship between International Law and municipal law.
    4. State Recognition and State Succession.
    5. Territory of State; modes of acquisition, boundaries,
    international rivers.
    6. Sea; Inland Waters, Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone,
    Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone and Ocean beyond
    national jurisdiction.
    7. Air‐space and aerial navigation.
    8. Outer‐space; Exploration and use of outer space,
    9. Individuals, Nationality, Statelessness; Human Rights and
    procedures available for their enforcement.
    10. Jurisdiction of States; Bases of jurisdiction, immunity from
    jurisdiction.
    11. Extradition and Asylum.
    12. Diplomatic Missions and Consular Posts.
    13. Treaties; Formation, application and termination.
    99
    14. State responsibility.
    15. United Nations: its principal organs, powers and functions.
    16. Peaceful settlement of disputes.
    17. Lawful recourse to force; aggression, self defence, intervention.
    18. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons; ban on testing of
    nuclear weapons; Nuclear Non‐Proliferation Treaty.
    Paper‐II
    LAW OF CRIMES AND TORTS
    i) Law of Crimes :
    1. Concept of Crime; actus reus mens rea, mens rea in statutory
    offences, punishments, mandatory sentences, preparation and
    attempt.
    2. Indian Penal Code & Ranbir Penal Code
    (a) Application of the Code.
    (b) General exceptions
    (c) Joint and constructive liability
    (d) Abetment
    (e) Criminal conspiracy
    (f) Offences against the State
    (g) Offences against public tranquility
    (h) Offences by or relating to public servants
    (i) Offences against human body
    (j) Offences against property
    (k) Offences relating to marriage; Cruelty by husband or his
    relatives to wife.
    (l) Defamation
    3. Protection of Civil Rights Acts, 1955.
    4. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961.
    5. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954.
    LAW OF TORTS:
    1. Nature of tortious liability.
    2. Liability based upon fault and strict liability.
    100
    3. Statutory liability
    4. Vicarious liability
    5. Joint Tort‐feasors
    6. Remedies
    7. Negligence
    8. Occupier's liability and liability in respect of structures
    9. Detinue and conversion
    10. Defamation
    11. Nuisance
    12. Conspiracy
    13. False Imprisonment and malicious Prosecution.
    II. LAW OF CONTRACTS AND MERCANTILE LAW
    1. Formation of contract
    2. Factors vitiating consent
    3. Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
    4. Performance of contracts.
    5. Dissolution of contractual obligations, frustration of contracts.
    6. Quasi‐contracts
    7. Remedies for breach of contract
    8. Sale of goods and hire purchase
    9. Agency
    10. Formation and dissolution of Partnership.
    11. Negotiable Instruments
    12. The Banker‐customer relationship.
    13. Government Control over private Companies.
    14. The Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act, 1969.
    15. The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
    Literature of the following languages.
    Note (i):—A candidates may be required to answer some or all the
    questions in the language concerned.
    Note (ii) :—In regard to the languages included in the Eighth schedule
    of Constitution, the scripts will b the same as indicated in Section II(B)
    of Appendix 1 relating to Main Examination.
    101
    Note(iii) :—Candidates should note that the questions not required to
    be answered in a specific language will have to be answered in the
    language medium indicated by them for answering papers on General
    Studies and Optional Subjects.
    ARABIC
    Paper‐I
    1. (a) Origin and development of the language in outline.
    (b) Significant features of the grammar of the language, Rhetoric’s,
    Prosody.
    2. Literary, History and Literary criticism—Literary movements,
    classical background ; Socio‐Cultural influences, and modern trends,
    Origin and development of modern literary geners including drama,
    novel, short story, essay.
    3. Short Essay—in Arabic
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first‐hand reading of the texts prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    POETS
    1. Imraul Qais: His Maullaqah: "Qifaa Nabki mim Zikraa Hawibin
    Wa Manzil" (Complete)
    2. Zohair Bin Abi Sulma: His maullaqah:‐ “A min Aufaa dimnatun
    lam takaleami” (Complete)
    3. Hassan Bin Thabit : The following live Qasaid from his Diwan:
    From Qasidah No.1 to Qasidah IV and the Qasidah: "Lillahi,
    Darru isaabatin Nadamtuhum + Yauman bijlilaqa."
    102
    4. Umar Bin Abi Rabiah: 5 Ghazals from his Diwan :
    i) Falanma to waqafna was sallantu oshwaqat + Wujudhum
    Zahahal
    Husnu and tataquanna, (Complete)
    ii) Lalta Hindan anjazanta ma taidu + Washaft anfusona mimma
    tajidu (Complete)
    iii) Katabtuilaiki min baladi + Kitaba muwallahin Kamadi
    (Complete).
    iv) Amin aali Numin anta qhaadin famubkiru ghadata ghadia
    amraaihum famuhajjaru (Complete).
    v) Qaalaii Feeha Attequn Maqaalan + FajaratMimma
    Yaqooluddumoou. (Complete)
    5. Farazdaq : The following 4 Qasaid from his Diwan:
    i) “Haazallazi taariful Bathaau watatahu” in praise of Zainul
    Abideen Ali Bin Hussain.
    ii) “Zarrat Sakeenatu atlaahan anakha bihim in praise of Umar
    Bin A. Aziz.
    iii) “Wa Koomin tanamul adhyal ainan” in praise of Saeed Bin alaas.
    (Complete).
    iv) “Wa atlasa assaalinwa maakano sahiban” in praie of “the
    Wolfs”
    6. Bashhar Bin Murd. The following two Qasaid from his Diwan:
    i) “Izaa balaghar raaiul mashwarata fastain + Biraai naseehinaw
    naseehate haazimi (Complete)
    Khaliaiya min Kaabin aeenaa akhookumma ‐ Allaa darahi
    innal Kareem muinu. (Complete).
    7. Abu Nawas . First three Qasaid from his Diwan.
    103
    8. Shaqui : The following five Qasaid from his Diwan “Al‐
    Shauqiyal”.
    i) “Ghaaba Boloum” (Complete).
    ii) “Kaneesaturn saarat ilia masjidi” (Complete).
    iii) “Ashloo hawaki liman yaloomu fayaozaru” (Complete).
    iv) “Salaamummin sabaa Baradaa araqqu" (Nakbatu Dimashk).
    (Complete).
    “Salaamun Neel yaa Gandhi ‐ Wa hazaz Zahru min indi”
    (Complete)
    Authors:
    1 Ibnul Muqalf: “Kaliala Wa Dimna” excluding Muqaddamah:‐
    Chapter 1 : Complete "AI Asad wa‐al thaus."
    2. Al‐Jahiz: AI‐Bayan Wat Tab'in : VII Edited by Abdul Salam Mohd.
    Haroon. Cairo, Egypt from pp. 31 to 85.
    3. Ibn Khaldun: his Muqaddamah : 39 pages; part six from the first
    chapter:
    From “Affaslul saadis minal kitaabil awal” to “wa min Furooihi al
    Jabruwal muqabla”
    4. Mohmud Timur: Story "Amml Mutawallji" from his book
    "Qaalar Raavi".
    5. Taufiq Al‐Hakim: Drama: "Sinnul muntahiraa" from his book
    "Masrahiyatu Tahtiqal Hakim".
    Note:—Candidates will be required to answer some questions
    carrying not less than 25 percent marks in Arabic also.
    104
    DOGRI
    1 . History of Dogri language
    i) Origin and development of Dogri language.
    ii) Major Dialects of Dogri language and their inter‐relationship.
    iii) Chief Characteristics of Dogri language.
    iv) Structural features of Dogri language.
    a. Sound patterns.
    b. Merphological formations.
    c. Sentence structure.
    v) Influences of English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Urdu and Punjabi on
    Dogri language.
    vi) Significant grammatical features of standard Dogri.
    vii) Origin and development of Dogri Script.
    viii) Problems of standardisation of Dogri.
    2. History of Dogri literature
    i) Chief Characteristics of the Pre‐independence Dogri literature.
    ii) Chief Characteristics of the Post‐independence Dogri
    literature.
    iii) Significant features of the literary trends and tendencies of
    Dogri literature.
    iv) Origin and development of literary genres in Dogri.
    a. Epic.
    b. Drama.
    c. Novel.
    d. Lyrics, essay, literary criticism etc.
    v) Theories of literary criticism in Dogri and major Dogri literary
    Critics.
    vi) Folk literature: Folk songs, folk ballads, folk tales, riddles,
    Proverbs.
    105
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    1. Hardatt‐Shastri (page32‐72) Published by Cultural Academy,
    Jammu.
    2. Ajkani Dogri Kavita (1st eleven poets) published by Sahitya
    Academy, New Delhi.
    3. Aste Aan Bajare Lok by Ved Paul Deep Published by Dogri
    Sanstha, Jammu.
    4. Amrit Varsha (1st 30 pages and last 4 pages) by Swami
    Brahmanand Published by Dogri Sanstha, Jammu.
    5. Jot Jagai Din Raati (Folk Bhajans only) published by Cultural
    Academy, Jammu.
    6. Ramayan (Ayodya Kand only) by Shambhu Nath Sharma
    published by Dogri Sanstha, Jammu.
    7. Ghar by Kunwar Viyogi published by Dogri Sanstha, Jammu.
    8. Neela Amber Kale Badal (1st seven stories) by Narinder Khajuria
    published by Dogri Sanstha, Jammu.
    9. Ajkani Dogri Kahani (Collection of short stories) published by
    Dogri Sanstha, Jammu.
    10. Phull Biga Dali by Vatss Vikal published by Arun Rashmi
    Prakashan Ramnagar, Distt. Udhampur.
    11. Nanga Rukkh by O.P. Sharma Sarthi published by Sharma
    Parakashan, Vijay Garh, Jain Bazar, Jammu.
    12. Sarpanch by Deeno Bhai Pant published by J&K Board of School
    Education, Jammu.
    106
    13. Navrang (Selection of one Act Play) published by J&K
    Academy of Art, Culture and languages.
    14. Saptak by Vishwanath Khajuria published by Vibhakar
    Prakashan, 140‐ Panjtirthi, Jammu.
    15. Akkhar Akkhar Chanani (1st 12 essays) published by Sahitya
    Akademi, New Delhi.
    16. Dogri Sahitya Charcha by Prof. Laxmi Narayan Sharma published
    by Dogri Sanstha. Jammu.
    17. Dogri Sahitya Da Itihas by Shiv Nath (119 to 187) published by
    Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi.
    18. Sarha Sahitya 1984 (1 to 91 pages) published by J&K Cultural
    Academy.
    19. Sarha Sahitya 1985 (1 to 38 pages) published by J&K Cultural
    Academy.
    ENGLISH
    Paper‐I
    Detailed study of a literary age (19th century)
    The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to
    1900 with special reference to the works of Wordsworth, Coleridge,
    Shelley, Keats, Lamb, Hazlitt, Thackeray, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert
    Browning, Arnold, George Eliot, Carlyle, Ruskin, Pater.
    Evidence of first hand reading will be required. The paper will
    be designed to test not only the candidate's knowledge of the authors
    prescribed but also their understanding of the main literary trends
    during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and
    cultural background of the period may be included.
    107
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    1. Shakespeare As you like it; Henry IV Part I and II; Hamlet; the
    Tempest
    2. Milton Paradise Lost
    3. Jane Austen Emma
    4. Wordsworth The Prelude
    5. Dickens David Copperfield
    6. George Eliot Middlemarch
    7. Hardy Jude the Obscure
    8. Yeats Easter 1916
    The second Coming Byzantium
    A Prayer for My Daughter: Leda and the swan Sailing to
    Byzantium Meru
    The Tower: Lapis Lazudili
    Among School Children
    9. Eliot The Waste land
    10. D.H. Lawrence: The Rainbow
    HINDI
    Paper‐I
    1. History of Hindi Language
    i) Grammatical and Lexical features of Apabhransa, Avahatta
    and early Hindi.
    ii) Evolution of Avadhi and Braj Bhasa as literary Language during
    the Medieval period.
    iii) Evolution of Khari Boli Hindi as Literary language during the
    19th century.
    iv) Standardization of Hindi Language with Devanagri Script.
    v) Development of Hindi as Rastra Bhasa during the Freedom
    Struggle.
    vi) Development of Hindi as official language of Indian Union
    since Independence
    vii) Major Dialects of Hindi and their inter‐relationship.
    viii) Significant grammatical literature of standard Hindi.
    108
    2. History of Hindi Literature
    i) Chief ‐characterstics of the major periods of Hindi literature
    viz. Adi Kal, Bhakti Kal, Riji Kal, Bharatendu Kal and Dwivedi Kal
    etc.
    ii) Significant features of the main literary trends, and tendencies
    in Modern Hindi viz. Chhayavad Rahasyavad, Pragativad,
    Proyogvad, Nayi Kavita, Nayi Kahani, Akavita etc.
    iii) Rise of Novel and Realism in Modern Hindi.
    iv) A brief history of theater and drama in Hindi.
    v) Theories of literary criticism in Hindi and major Hindi literary
    critics.
    vi) Origin and development of literary generes in Hindi.
    Paper ‐II
    This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    Kabir Kabir Granthavali by Shyam Sunder Dass
    (200 Stanza from the beginning)
    Surdas Bhramara Geet Saar
    (200 Stanza from the beginning only)
    Tulsidas Ramcharitmanas
    (Ayodhyakand only)
    KAVITAVALI
    (Uttarakand only)
    Bharatendu Andher Nagari
    Harishchandra
    Prem Chand Godan, Mansrovar (Bhag EK)
    Jayashanker Chandragupta Kamayani
    Prasad (Chinta, Lajja, Shradda & Ida only)
    109
    Ramchandra Chintamani (Pahila Bhag)
    Shukla (10 essays from the beginning)
    Suryakant Anamika
    Tripathi Nirala (Saroj Smriti, Ramki Shakti Pooja only)
    S.H. Vatsyayan Ageya Shekhar Ek Jeevani
    (Two parts)
    Gajanan Madhav Chand ki Mukh Tehra Hei
    Muktibodh (Andhere men only)
    KASHMIRI
    Paper‐I
    1. (a) Origin and development of the Kashmiri Language:
    i) Early stages (before Lal Ded)
    ii) Lal Ded and after
    iii) Influence of Sanskrit and Persian
    (b) Structural features of the Kashmiri Language
    i) Sound patterns
    ii) Morphological formation
    (c) Dialects/variation of the Kashmiri Language
    2. Literary History and Criticism:
    a) Literary traditions and movements: folk and classical
    background; Shaivism, Rishi Cult: Sufism; Devotional Veres; Lyricism
    (Particularly L.O.L) Masnavi Narrative
    b) Socio‐cultural influences: Socio‐political verse. (including the
    progressive) and the contemporary development.
    3. Development genres :
    110
    i) Vaskh Shruk Vasturn; Shaar; Ladee Shah;Marsiy 1.0.1 Mansavi
    Leelaa; Naat, Ghazal, Aazaad Nazm, Rubaay,Opera Sonnet
    ii) Pasthur, Naatukh, Alsasunu, Maquaalu; Tasqueed Naaval,
    Mizah and Tanz
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first hand reading of the text prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    1. Lal Ded (Cultural Academy)
    2. Noor Naama of Nund Rishi (C.A.)
    3. Shamas Faqir : Selections (Cultural Academy)
    4. Gulrez of Maqbool Kraalawaari (C.A.)
    5. Sodaam ‐ T sareth of Parmanand (C.A.)
    (from Paramand's Complete works
    published by)
    6. Kuliyaat ‐I‐Naadim (C.A.)
    7. Rasul Mir (Selections, published by) (C.A.)
    8. Mahjoor (Selections published by) (C.A.)
    9. Aazaad (C.A.)
    10. Azichi Kaa'shi'ri Nazama (C.A.)
    11. Azykkaa'ShurAfsaana (C.A.)
    12. Kaa' Shur Nasr (C.A.)
    13. Surya by Ali Mohd. Lone (C.A.)
    14. Tshaay Moti Lal Komu
    15. Do : Ddag by Akhtar Mohi‐ud‐Din
    16. Akhdo : R. by Bansi Nirdosh
    17. Myul by G.N. Gauhar
    18. Lavu 'Tapravu' by Amin Kamil
    19. Pata 'Laaraan Parbath by Hari Krishan Kaul
    20. Manikaaman by Muzattar Aazim
    21. Massiy (Edited by Shahid Badagami)
    111
    PERSIAN
    Paper‐I
    1. a) Origin and development of the language (in outline)
    b) Significant features of the grammar of the language Rhetorics
    Prosody
    2. Literary History and Literary criticism‐Literary movements,
    classical backgrounds, Socio Cultural influences and Modern trends;
    Origin and development of modern literary genres, including drama,
    novel, short story, essay.
    3. Short Essay in Persian
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first‐hand reading of the texts prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    1. Firdausi
    Shah Nama:
    i) Dastan Rustam wa Suhrab
    ii) Dastan Vizanba Maniza
    2. Nizammi Aruzi Samarquadi
    Chahar Maqala
    3. Khayyam, Rabaiyat (Radif Alif, Be, Dal)
    4. Minucheheri ‐ Qasaid (Racif Lam and Mim)
    5. Maulana Rum Masunawi (1st Vol. 1st Half)
    6. Sadi Shirazi Gulistan
    7. Amir Khusrau
    Majma‐i‐Dawawin Khusrau (Radif Alif and Te)
    8. Hafiz
    Diwan ‐i‐Hafiz (1st half)
    112
    9. Abdul Fazi
    Ain‐i‐Akbari
    10. Bahar Mashhadi
    Diwan‐i‐Bahar (I Vol.) (1st half)
    11. Jawal Zadesh
    Yake Bud Yake Na Bud
    Note:—Candidates will be required to answer in Persian questions
    carrying not less than 25 per cent marks.
    PUNJABI
    Paper‐I
    1.a) Origin and development of the language ‐ the development of
    tones from voiced aspirates and older vedic accent ‐ the geminatesthe
    interaction of Punjabi vowels and tones ‐ Consonantal mutation in
    Punjabi from Sanskrit to Prakrit and Punjabi.
    b) The number gender system ‐ animate and inanimate ‐concord ‐
    different categories of post positions‐ the notion of 'subject' and
    'object' in Punjabi ‐ Gurumukhi orthography and Punjabi word
    formation ‐noun and verb phrases‐sentence structure ‐spoken and
    written style ‐sentences structure in prose and poetry.
    c) Major dialects Pathohari, Multani Majhi, Doabi, Malwai Puadhithe
    notions of dialect and idiolect‐dioglossis and isoglosses‐the
    Validity of speech variation on the basis of social stratification‐the
    distinctive features with special reference to tones, of the various
    dialects‐ why's' 'h' 'tones' and 'vowels' interact in dialects of Punjabi ?
    Classical background: Nath Jogi Sahi
    Literary movements: Gurmat, Suli , Kissa and Var Literature
    Modern Trends: Romantics and Progressive (Mohan Singh, Amrita
    Pritam, Bawa Balwant Pritam Singh, Safeer) Experimentalists (Jasbir S.
    Ahluwalia, Ravinder Ravi, Sukhpalvir Singh Hasrat), Aesthetes:
    (Harbhajan Singh, Tara Singh, Sukhbir Singh), Neo‐Progressives; (Pash
    and Patar)
    113
    Socio Cultural Influences of English, Sanskrit, Persian, Urdu and Hindi
    on Punjabi. Origin & Development of Genres Epic: (Damodar, Waris
    Shah Mohammad, Vir Singh, Avtar Singh Azad, Mohan Singh).
    Drama: (I.C. Nanda, Harcharan Singh, Balwant Gargi, S.S. Sekhon, K.S.
    Duggal)
    Novel: (Vir Singh, Nanak Singh, Sohan Singh Seetal, Jaswant Singh
    Kanwal, K.S. Duggal, S.S. Narula, Gurdial Singh, Mohan Kahlon)
    Lyrics: (Gurus, Sulis and Modern Lyricists ‐ Mohan Singh, Amrita
    Pritam, Shiv Kumar, Harbhajan Singh).
    Essays: (Puran Singh, Teja Singh, Gurbaksh Singh) .
    Literary Criticism: (S.S. Sekhon , Jasbir S. Ahluwalia, Attar Singh, Kishan
    Singh, Harbhajan Singh)
    Folk Literature: Folk Songs, Folk Tales, Riddles Proverbs.
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first ‐hand reading of the texts
    prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability.
    1. Sheikh Farid : The complete bani as included in the Adi Grantha.
    2. Guru Nanak : Selected writings of Guru Nanak entitled Guru
    Nanak Bani, Ed. Bhai Jodh Singh published by National Book Trust of
    India.
    3. Shah Hussain: Kafian
    4. Waris Shah: Heer
    5. Shah Mohammad: Jangnama, Jang Singhan te Farangian
    6. Vir Singh (Poet) : Matak Hulare, Rana Surat Singh, Kalgidhar
    Chamatkar.
    7. Nanak Singh (Novelist) : Chitta Lahu, Pavittar Papi, Ek Miyan Do
    Talwaran
    114
    8. Gurbaksh Singh (Essayist) : Zindgi Di Ras, Manzil dis Pai,
    Merian Abhul Yadaan
    9. Balwant Gargi (Dramatist) : Loha Kutt, Dhuni‐di‐Agg, Sultan
    Razia
    10. Sant Singh Sekhon (Critic) : Damyanti, Sahityarath, Baba Asman
    SANSKRIT
    Paper‐I
    There will be four sections:
    i) a) Origin and development of language (from Indo‐European to
    middle Indo‐Aryan languages) (General outline only)
    b) Significant features of the grammar with particular stress on
    Sandhi Karaka, Samasa and Vachya (voice)
    2. General knowledge of literary history and Principal trends of
    literary criticism. Origin and development of literary, genres, including
    Epic, Drama, Prose, Kavya, Lyric and Anthology.
    3. Essentials of Ancient Indian Culture and Philosphy with special
    stress on: Varnashrama Vyavastha, Sanskaras and principal
    philosphical trends.
    4. Short Essay in Sanskrit
    Note:—Questions on sections (3) and (4) are to be answered in
    Sanskrit
    Paper‐II
    1. General Study of the following works:
    a. Kathopanisad
    b. Bhagavadgita
    c. Budhacharita‐ (Asvaghosha)
    115
    d. Svapnavasavadatta ‐ (Bhasa)
    e. Abhijinanshakuntalam ‐ (Kalidasa)
    f. Meghaduta ‐ (Kalidasa)
    g. Raghuvansa ‐ (Kalidasa)
    h. Kumarashambhava ‐ (Kalidasa)
    i. Mricchakalika ‐ (Sudraka)
    j. Kiratarjuniya ‐(Bharavi)
    k. Sisupalavadha ‐ (Magha)
    l. Utlararamacharita ‐ (Bhavabhuti)
    m. Mudraaksasa ‐ (Visakhadatta)
    n. Naisadhacharita ‐ (Sriharsa)
    o. Rajatarangini ‐ (Kathana)
    p. Nitisataka ‐ (Bhartrihari)
    q. Kadambari ‐ (Banabhatta)
    r. Harsacharita (Banabhatta)
    s. Dasakumaracharita ‐ (Dandi)
    t. Probodhachandrodaya ‐ (Krishna Misra)
    2. Evidence of first hand reading of the following selected texts:
    Texts for reading (textual questions will be asked from these portions
    only)
    1. Kathopanishad I Chapter III Valli ‐ Verses 10 to 15
    2. Bhagwatgita II Chapter (13 to 25 verses)
    3. Budhacharita Canto III (1 to 10 Verses)
    4. Svapna Vasavadattam (6th Act)
    5. Abhijnana Shakuntalam (4th Act)
    6. Meghaduta (1 to 10 opening verses)
    7. Kirtarjuniyam (1st Canto)
    8. Uttara Ramacharitam (3rd Act)
    9. Nitishataka (1 to 10 verses)
    10. Kadambari (Shukanasopadesha)
    11. Kautilya Arthasastra ‐ I Adhikarana;
    1. Prakarana—2nd Adhyaya entitled : Vidyasamuddesha, tatra
    anvikisthapana and VII Prakarana—11th Adhyaya entitled :
    Gudhapurusolpattih. Prescribed editions R. P. Kangle. The Kautilya
    Arthasastra, Part‐I, A critical edition, Motilal Banarsidas, Delhi 1986.
    116
    Note to item No. 2 : Question carrying minimum of 25 per cent marks
    should be answered in Sanskrit.
    URDU
    Paper‐I
    (a) The coming of the Aryans in India the development of the
    Indo‐Aryan through three stages Old Indo‐Aryan (OIA), Middle Indo‐
    Aryan (MIA) and New Indo‐Aryan (NIA) Grouping of the New Indo‐
    Aryan Languages Western Hindi and its Dialects—Khari Boli, Braj
    Bhasha and Harayanvi—Relationship of Urdu to Khadi—Persio—
    Arabic elements in Urdu. Development of Urdu from 1200 to 1800 in
    the North and 1400 to 1700 in the Deccan
    (b) Significant feature of Urdu Phonology—Morphology
    Syntax—Persio—Arabic elements in its Phonology, Morphology and
    Syntax its vocabulary.
    (c) Dakhni Urdu—its origin and development its significant
    linguistic features.
    (d) The significant features of the Dakhani Urdu literature
    (1450‐1700). The two classical backgrounds of Urdu Literature—
    Persio—Arabic and Indian Mysnavi, Indian tales the influence of the
    West on Urdu Literature classics genres—Ghazal, Mysticism, Qasida,
    Rubar, Qita, Prose Fiction, Modern Genres, Blank Verse, Free verse,
    Novel Short Stories, Drama Literary criticism and Essay.
    Paper‐II
    This paper will require first‐hand reading of the texts prescribed
    and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.
    PROSE
    1. Mir Amman Bagh‐o‐Bahar
    2. Ghalib Khatut‐e‐Ghalib
    117
    (Anjuman Tartaque‐ e‐Urdu)
    3. Hali Muqaddama‐e‐Sher‐o‐Shair
    4. Ruswa Umar‐o‐Jan Ada
    5. Prem Chand Wardat
    6. Abdul Kalam Azad Ghubar‐e‐Khatir
    7. Imtiaz Ali Taj Anar Kali
    POETRY
    8. Mir Inti khab‐e‐Kalam‐e‐mir
    (Ed. Abdul Haq)
    9. Sauda Qasaid (including Hajwaiyat)
    10. Ghalib Diwan‐e‐Ghalib
    11. Iqbal Bal‐e‐Gibrail
    12. Josh Malihabadi Saif‐o‐Sabu
    13. Firaq Gorakhpuri Ruhe‐e‐Kainat
    14. Faiz Kalam‐e‐Fiaz (Complete)
    MANAGEMENT
    Paper‐I
    The candidate should make a study of the development of the
    field of management as a systematic body of knowledge and acquaint
    himself adequately with the contributions of leading authorities on
    the subject. He should study the role, function and behaviour of a
    manager and relevance of various concepts and theories to the Indian
    context. Apart from these general concepts, the candidate should
    study the environment of business and also attempt to understand
    the tools and techniques of decision making.
    The candidate would be given choice to answer any five
    questions.
    Organisational Behaviour & Management Concepts
    Significance of social, psychological factors for understanding
    organisational behaviour. Relevance of theories of motivation,
    Contribution of Maslow, Herzberg, McGregor, McClelland and other
    leading authorities, Research studies in leadership. Management by
    118
    Objectives. Small group and intergroup behaviour. Application of
    these concepts for understanding the managerial role, conflict and
    cooperation, work norms, and dynamics of organisational behaviour.
    Organisational change.
    Organisational Design: Classical, neo‐classical and open
    systems, theories of organisation. Centralisation, decentralisation,
    delegation, authority and control. Organisational structure, systems
    and processes, strategies, policies and objectives, Decision making,
    communication and control. Management information system and
    role of computer in management.
    ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
    National Income, analysis and its use in business forecasting.
    Trends and structure in Indian Economy, Government programmes
    and policies. Regulatory policies: monetary, fiscal and planning and
    the impact of such macro‐policies on enterprise decisions and plans‐
    Demand analysis and forecasting, cost analysis, pricing decisions
    under different market structures‐Pricing of joint products and price
    discrimination ‐ capital budgeting ‐ applications under Indian
    conditions. Choice of projects and cost benefit analysis, choice of
    production techniques.
    QUANTITIATVE METHODS
    Classical Optimization: maxima and minima of single and
    several variables: optimization under constraints ‐ Applications. Linear
    Programming: Problem formulation Graphical Solution ‐ Simplex
    Method Duality ‐ Post optimality analysis ‐ Applications of integral
    Programming and dynamic programming ‐ Formulation of
    Transportation and assignment. Models of linear programming and
    methods of solutions.
    Statistical Methods: Measures of Central tendencies and
    variations ‐ Application of Binomial, Poisson and Normal distributions.
    Time series ‐ Regression and correlation ‐ Tests of Hypotheses ‐
    Decision making under risk: Decision Trees ‐ Expected Monetary Value
    ‐ Value of Information ‐ Application of Baves Theorem to posterior
    119
    analysis. Decision making under uncertainty. Different criterion for
    selecting optimum strategies.
    Paper‐II
    The candidate would be required to attempt five questions but
    not more than two questions from anyone Section.
    Section I ‐ Marketing Management
    Marketing and Economic Development ‐ Marketing Concept
    and its applicability to the Indian economy‐ Major tasks of
    management in the context of developing economy ‐ Rural and Urban
    marketing, their prospects and problems.
    Planning and Strategy in the context of domestic and export
    marketing ‐ concept of marketing mix ‐ Market Segmentation and
    Product differentiation strategies ‐ Consumer Motivation and
    Behaviour ‐ Consumer Behavioural Models ‐ Product, Brand,
    distribution, public distribution systems, price and promotion.
    Decisions ‐ Planning and control of marketing programmes ‐
    marketing research and Models ‐ Sales Organisation dynamics ‐
    Marketing Information System. Marketing audit and control.
    Export incentives and promotional strategies ‐ Role of
    Government, trade association and individual organisation ‐ problems
    and prospects of export marketing.
    Section II ‐ Production and Materials Management
    Fundamentals of Production from Management point of view.
    Types of Manufacturing systems, continuous repetitive, intermittent.
    Organising for Production, Long‐range, forecast and aggregate
    Production Planning. Plant Design: Process planning, plant size and
    scale of operations, location of plant, layout of physical facilities.
    Equipment replacement and maintenance.
    120
    Functions of Production Planning and Control Routing. Loading
    and Scheduling for different types of production systems. Assembly
    Line, Balancing, Machine Line Balancing.
    Role and Importance of materials management, Material
    handling, Value analysis, Quality Control, Waste and Scrap disposal,
    Make or Buy decision, Codification, Standardisation and spare parts
    inventory. Inventory control‐ ABC Analysis. Economic order quantity,
    Reorder point Safety stock. Two Bin system. Waste management
    DGS&D purchase process and procedure.
    Section III ‐ Financial Management
    General tools of Financial Analysis: Ratio analysis, funds flow
    analysis, cost‐volume profit analysis, cash budgeting, financial and
    operating leverage.
    Investment Decision: Steps in capital expenditure management,
    criteria for investment appraisal, cost of capital and its application in
    public and private sectors, Risk analysis in investment decisions,
    organisational evaluation of capital expenditure management with
    special reference to India.
    Financing decision: Estimating the firms of financial
    requirements, financial structure determinations, capital markets,
    institutional mechanism for funds with special reference to India,
    security analysis, leasing and sub contracting.
    Working Capital Managements: Determining the size of
    working capital, managing the managerial attitude towards risk in
    working capital, management of cash, inventory and accounts
    receivables, effects of inflation on working capita management
    Income Determination and Distribution: internal financing,
    determination of dividend policy, implication of inflationary
    tendencies in determination of dividend policy, valuation and
    dividend policy.
    Financial Management in Public Sector with special reference to
    India.
    121
    Performance budgeting and principles of financial accounting.
    Systems of management control.
    Section‐ IV: Human Resource Management
    Characteristics and significance of Human Resources, Personnel
    Policies‐ Manpower, Policy and Planning‐ recruitment and Selection
    Technique‐ Training and Development Promotions and Transfer;
    Performance Appraisal‐Job Evaluation: Wage and Salary.
    Administration: Employee morals and Motivation; Conflict
    Management; Management of change and Development.
    Industrial Relations, Economy and Society in India; Worker
    profile and Management Styles in India; Trade Unionism in India;
    Labour Legislation with special reference to Industrial disputes Act;
    Payment of Bonus Act: Trade Unions Act; Industrial democracy and
    Workers participation in management; Collective Bargaining;
    Consiliation and adjudication; Discipline and Grievances Handling in
    industry.
    MATHEMATICS
    Paper‐I
    Any five questions may be attempted out of 12 questions to be
    set in the paper.
    Linear Algebra
    Vector space, bases, dimension of a finitely generated space,
    Linear Transformations, Rank and nullity of a linear transformation,
    Cayley Hamilton theorem, Eigen values and Eigen‐vectors.
    Matrix of a linear transformation. Row and Coloumn reduction.
    Echelon form. Equivalence, Congruence and similarity. Reduction to
    canonical forms.
    Orthogonal, symmetrical, skew‐symmetrical, unitary, Hermitian
    and skew‐ Hermitian matrices‐their eigen values, orthogonal and
    122
    unitary reduction of quadratic and Hermitian forms. Positive definite
    quadratic forms. Simultaneous reduction.
    Calculus.
    Real numbers, limits, continuity, differentiability, Mean‐value
    theorem, Taylor's theorem, indeterminate forms, Maxima and
    minima. Curve Tracing.
    Asymptotes.
    Functions of several variables, partial derivatives, maxima and
    minima, Jacobian, Definite and indefinite integrals, Double and triple
    integrals (techniques only). Application to Beta and Gamma Functions.
    Areas volumes; centre of gravity.
    Analytic Geometry of two and three dimensions.
    First and second degree equations in two dimensions in
    cartesian and polar coordinates. Plane, sphere, paraboloid, Ellipsoid,
    hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their elementary properties.
    Curves in space, curvature and torsion, Frenet's formulae.
    Differential Equations.
    Order and Degree of a differential equation; differential
    equation of first order and first degree, variables seperable.
    Homogeneous, linear, and exact differential equations. Differential
    equations with constant coefficients. The complementary function
    and the particular integral of eax, Cosax, sinax, xm, eax,Cosbx, eax
    Sinbx
    Vector, Tensor, Statics, Dynamics and Hydrostatics.
    (i) Vector Analysis‐ Vector Algebra, Differentiation of Vector
    function of a scalar variable, Gradient, divergence and curl in
    cartesian, cylindrical and spherical coordinates and their physical
    interpretation. Higher order derivatives. Vector identities and Vector
    equations, Gauss and Stokes Theorems.
    123
    (ii) Tensor Analysis‐ Definition of a Tensor, Transformation of
    coordinates, contravariant and covariant tensors. Addition and
    multiplication of tensors, contraction of tensors. Inner product,
    fundamental tensor, christoffel symbols, covariant differentiation,
    Gradient, Curl and divergence in tensor notation.
    (iii) Statics‐Equilibrium of a system of particles, work and potential
    energy, Friction, Common Catenary. Principle of Virtual work. Stability
    of equilibrium. Equilibrium of forces in three dimensions.
    (iv) Dynamics‐ Degree of freedom and constraints. Rectilinear
    motion, Simple harmonic motion. Motion in a plane. Projectiles.
    Constrained motion, work and Energy, Motion under impulsive forces,
    Kepler's laws Orbits under central forces. Motion of varying mass.
    Motion under resistance.
    (v) Hydrostatics‐Pressure of heavy fluids, Equilibrium of fluids
    under given system of forces. Centre of pressure. Thrust on curved
    surfaces. Equilibrium of floating bodies. Stability of equilibrium and
    Pressure of gases, problems relating to atmosphere.
    Paper‐II
    This paper will be in two sections. Each section will contain
    eight questions. Candidates will have to answer any five questions.
    Section‐A
    Algebra, Real Analysis, Complex Analysis, Partial Differential
    equations.
    Section‐B
    Mechanics, Hydrodynamics, Numerical Analysis, Statistics
    including probability, operational Research.
    124
    Algebra
    Groups, Subgroups, normal subgroups, homomorphism of
    groups, quotient groups. Basic isomorphism theorems. Sylow
    theorems Permutation Groups. Cayley’s theorem. Rings and Ideals,
    Principal Ideal domains unique factorization domains and Euclidean
    domains. Field Extensions finit fields.
    Real Analysis
    Metric spaces, their topology with special reference to R
    sequence in a metric space, Cauchy sequence, Completeness,
    completion, Continuous functions, Uniform Continuity, Properties of
    continuous functions on compact sets. Riemann Steilties Integral,
    Improper integrals and their conditions of existence. Differentiation of
    functions of several variables.
    Implicit function theorem, maxima and minima. Absolute and
    Conditional Convergence of series of real and Complex terms,
    Rearrangement of series, Uniform convergence, infinite products.
    Continuity, differentiability and integrability for series, Multiple
    integrals.
    Complex Analysis
    Analytic functions, Cauchy's theorem, Cauchy's integral formula
    power series, Taylor’s series, Singularities, Cauchy's Residue theorem
    and Contour integration.
    Partial Differential Equations
    Formation of partial differential equations, Types of integrals of
    partial differential equations of first order, Charpits methods, partial
    differential equation with constant coefficients.
    125
    Mechanics
    Generalised Coordinates, Constraints, holonomic and non
    holonomic systems, D'Alembert's principle and Langranges equations,
    Moment of Inertia, Motion of rigid bodies in two dimension,
    Hydrodynamics.
    Equation of continuity, momentum and energy. Inviscid Flow
    Theory :—
    Two dimensional motion, Streaming motion, Sources and Sinks
    Numerical Analysis
    Transcedental and Polynomial Equations:‐ Methods of
    tabulation, bisection, regulatalsi, secants and Newton‐ Raphson and
    order of its convergence.
    Interpolation and Numerical Differentiation:‐ Polynomial
    interpolation with equal or unequal step size. Spline interpolation‐
    Cubic splines, Numerical differentiation furmulae with error terms.
    Numerical Integration:‐ Problems of approximate quadrative,
    quadrature formulae with equispaced arguments, Caussian
    quadrature Convergence.
    Ordinary Differential Equations:‐ Euler's method,
    multisteppredictore Corrector methods‐Adam's and Milne's method,
    Convergence and stability, Runge‐Kutta methods. Probability and
    Statistics.
    1. Statistical Methods :‐ Concept of Statistical population and
    random sample, collection and presentation of data, Measure of
    location and dispersion. Moment and Shepard's corrections.
    Comulants. Measures of Skew ness and Kurtosis.
    Curve fitting by least squares Regression, correlation and
    correlation ratio. Rank correlation, partial correlation co‐efficient and
    Multiple Correlation co‐efficient.
    126
    2. Probability:‐ Discrete sample space, Events, their union and
    intersection etc. Probability Classical relative frequency and exiomatic
    approaches, Probability in continuum, Probability space Conditional
    probability and independence, Basic laws of Probability, Probability of
    combination of events, Bayes theorem, Random Variable probability
    function, Probability density function. Distributions function,
    mathematical expectation, Marginal and conditional distributions,
    Conditional expectation.
    3. Probability distributions:‐ Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Gamma,
    Beta Cauchy, Multinomial, Hypergeometric, Negative Binomial,
    Chebychev's lemma (weak) Law of large numbers, Central limit
    theorem for independent and identical varieties. Standard errors,
    Sampling distribution of t F and Chi‐square and their uses in tests of
    significance large sample tests for mean and proportion.
    Operational Research
    Mathematical Programming:‐ Definition and some elementary
    properties of convex sets, simplex methods, degeneracy, duality, and
    sensitivity analysis, rectangular games and their solutions,
    Transportation and assignment problems, Kuha Tukcer condition for
    non‐linear programming. Bellman's optimality principle and some
    elementary applications of dynamic programming.
    Theory of Queues:‐ Analysis of steady‐ State and transient
    solutions for quequeing system with Poisson arrivals and exponential
    service time.
    Deterministic replacement models, Sequencing problems with
    two machines, n jobs 3 machines, n jobs (Special case) and n machines
    2 jobs.
    MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
    Paper‐I
    Statics:‐ Equilibrium in three dimensions suspension cables.
    Principle of virtual work.
    127
    Dynamics:‐ Relative motion coriolis force Motion of a rigid
    body. Gyroscopic motion impulse.
    Theory of Machines:‐ Higher and lower parts inversions,
    steering mechanisms, Hooks joint, velocity and acceleration of links,
    inertia forces. Cams Conjugate action of gearing and interference,
    gear trains epicyclic gears, Clutches, belt drives, brakes,
    dynamometers, Flywheels Governors. Balancing of rotating and
    reciprocating masses and multicylinder engines. Free, forced and
    damped vibrations for a single degree of freedom. Degree of freedom.
    Critical speed and whirling of shafts.
    Mechanics of solids:‐ Stress and strain in two dimensions.
    Mohr's circle. Theories of failure, Deflection of beams. Buckling of
    columns. Combined bending and torsion. Castiglapo's theorem. Thick
    cylinders Rotating disks, Shrink fit. Thermal Stresses.
    Manufacturing Science:‐ Merchants theory Taylors equation
    Machineability. Unconventional machining methods including EDM,
    ECM and ultrasonic machining. Use of lasers and plasms. Analysis of
    forming process. High velocity forming. Explosive forming. Surface
    roughness, gauging comparators jigs and Fixtures.
    Production management:‐ Work simplification, work sampling,
    value engineering, Line balancing, work station design, storage
    space requirement, ABC analysis, Economic order, quantity including
    finite production rate. Graphical and simplex methods for linear
    programming; transportation model, elementary queing theory.
    Quality control and its uses in product design. Use of X,R,P (Sigma)
    and C charts. Single sampling plans, operating characteristics curves,
    Average sample size. Regression analysis.
    Paper‐II
    Thermodynamics:‐ Applications of the first and second laws of
    thermodynamics. Detailed analysis of thermodynamics cycles.
    Fluid Mechanics:‐ Continuity momentum and energy equations.
    Velocity distribution in laminar and turbulent flow. Dimensional
    128
    analysis. Boundary layer on a flat plate. Adiabatic and isentrophic
    flow. Mach number.
    Heat transfer:‐ Critical thickness of insulation conduction in the
    presence of heat sources and sinks. Heat transfer from fins. One
    dimensional unsteady conduction Time constant for thermocouples.
    Momentum and energy equations for boundary layers on a flat plate.
    Dimensionless numbers Free and Forced convection Boiling and
    condensation nature of radiant heat. Steafan‐ Boltzmann Law,
    Configuration factor logarithmic mean temperature difference. Heat
    exchanger effectiveness and number of transfer units.
    Energy Conversion:‐ Combustion phenomenon in C.I. and S.I.
    engines Carburetion and fuel injection. Selection of pumps,
    classification of compressor Analysis of steam and gas turbines. High
    pressure boilers. Unconventional power systems. including Nuclear
    power and MHD systems. Utilisation of solar energy.
    Environmental control:‐ Vapour compression, absorption, steam
    jet and air refrigeration systems. Properties and characteristics of
    important refrigerants. Use of psychrometric chart and comfort chart,
    estimation of cooling and heating loads. Calculation of supply air state
    and rate. Air conditioning plants layout.
    PHILOSOPHY
    Paper‐I
    Metaphysics and Epistemology
    Candidates will be expected to be familiar with theories and
    types of Epistemology and Metaphysics‐ Indian and Western‐ with
    special reference to the following:
    (a) Western‐Idealism; Realism; Absolutism; Empiricism
    Rationalism; logical 'I' Positivism; Analysis; Phenomenlogy;
    Existentialism and Pragmatism.
    (b) Indian‐Paramands and Paramanys; Theories of truth and
    error; Philosophy of language of Meaning; Theories of reality with
    reference to main system (Orthodox and Heterodox) of Philosophy.
    129
    Paper‐II
    Socio‐Political Philosophy and Philosophy of Religion.
    1. Nature of Philosophy its relation to life, thougth and culture.
    2. The following topics with special reference to the Indian
    context including Indian Constitution:
    Political Ideologies: Democracy Socialism, Fascism, Theocracy,
    Communism and Sarvodaya.
    Methods of Political Action: Constitutionalism, Revolution, terrorism
    and Satyagrah.
    3. Tradition, Change and Modernity with reference to Indian
    Social Institutions.
    4. Philosophy of Religious language and meaning.
    5. Nature and scope of Philosophy of religion. Philosophy of
    Religion, with special reference to Buddhism, Jainism, Hinduism,
    Islam, Christianity, and Sikhism.
    a. Theology and Philosophy of Religion.
    b. Foundations of religious belief: Reason, Revelation Faith and
    Mysticism.
    c. God, immortality of Soul, Liberation and Problem and Evil and
    Sin.
    d. Equality; Unity and Universality of Religions; Religious
    tolerance; Conversion Secularism.
    6. Moksha‐ Paths leading to Moksha
    130
    PHYSICS
    Paper‐I
    MECHANICS, THERMAL PHYSICS AND WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS
    1. Mechanics
    Conservation laws; Collision impact parameter, scattering crosssection,
    centre of mass and lab systems with transformation of
    physical quantities, Rutherford Scattering. Motion of a rocket under
    constant force field. Rotating frames of reference, Coriolis force,
    Motion of rigid bodies, Angular momentum, torque and Procession of
    a Top, gyroscope, Central forces Motion under inverse square law,
    Kepler's law, Motion of Satellites (including geostationary).
    Galilean Relativity, Special theory of Relativity, Michelson‐ Morley
    Experiment, lorentz Transformations addition theorem of velocities.
    Variation of mass with Velocity, Mass‐energy equivalence. Fluid
    dynamics, streamlines, turbulance, Bernoulli's Equation with simple
    applications. .
    2. Thermal Physics:
    Laws of Thermodynamics, Entropy, Carnot's cycle, Isothermal
    and Adiabatic changes. Thermodynamic Potentials, Maxwell's
    relations, the Clausius‐ Clapeyron equation, reversible cell, Joule‐
    Kelvin effect, Stefan Boltzmann Law. Kinetic Theory of Gases,
    Maxwell's Distribution law of Velocities, Equipartition of Energy,
    Specific heats of gases, mean Free path, Brownian Motion, Black Body
    radiation, specific heat of solids‐Einstein and Debye theories, Wein's
    Law, Planck's Law, Solar constant. Thermalionization and stellar
    spectra. Production of low temperatures using adiabatic
    demagnetization and dilution refrigeration, Concept of negative
    temperature.
    3. Waves and Oscillations:
    Oscillations, Simple harmonic motion, stationary and travelling
    waves, Damped harmonic motion, Forced Oscillation and Resonance.
    Wave equation, Harmonic solutions, Plane and Spherical waves,
    superposition of waves, Phase and Group velocities, Beats, Huygen's
    131
    principle, interference. Diffraction Fresnel and Fraunhofer. Diffraction
    by straight edge, single and multiple slits. Resolving power of grating
    and Optical Instruments. Rayleigh criterion. Polarization; Production
    and Detection of polarized light (linear, circular and elliptical), Laser
    sources (Helium‐Neon, Ruby, and semi conductor diode). Concepts of
    spatial and temporal coherence. Diffraction as a Fourier
    Transformation. Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction by rectangular and
    circular apertures, Holography; theory and applications.
    Paper‐II
    ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM, MODERN PHYSICS AND
    ELECTRONICS
    1. Electricity and Magnetism
    Coulomb's Law. Electric field. Gauss's Law, Electric ‐potential,
    Poisson and Laplace equations for a homogeneous dielectric,
    uncharged conducting sphere in a uniform field, Point charge and
    infinite conducting plane. Magnetic shell. Magnetic induction and
    field strength. Biot‐Savart law and applications. Electromagnetic
    induction, Faradays's and Lenz's laws, Self and Mutual inductances.
    Alternating currents. L.C.R. circuits, series and parallel resonance
    circuits, quality factor. Kirchoffs laws with applications. Maxwell's
    equations and electromagnetic waves. Transverse nature of
    electromagnetic waves, Poynting vector. Magnetic fields in matter‐dia
    para, ferro antiferro and ferri magnetism (qualitative approach only).
    2. Modern physics
    Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom. Electron spin. Optical and Xray
    Spectra. Stern‐Gerlach experiment and spatial quantization.
    Vector model of the atom, spectral terms, fine structure of spectral
    lines J‐J and L‐S coupling, Zeeman effect, Paulis exclusion principle
    ,Spectral terms of two equivalent and non‐equivalent electrons.
    Gross and fine structure of electronic band spectra Raman effect.
    Photoelectric effect. Compton effect. Debroglie waves. Wave Particle
    duality and uncertainty principle. Schrodinger wave equation with
    application to (i) particle in a box, (ii) motion across a step potential,
    One dimensional harmonic oscillator eigen values and eigen functions.
    132
    Uncertainty, Principle Radioactivity. alpha, beta and gamma
    radiations. Elementary theory of the alpha decay. Nuclear binding
    energy. Mass spectroscopy, Semi empirical mass formula. Nuclear
    fission and fusion‐Elementary reactor Physics.
    Elementary particles and their classification, Strong, and weak
    Electromagnetic interactions. Particle accelerator; cyclotron, Leniar
    accelerators, Elementary particles and their classification Strong, and
    Weak electromagnetic interactions.
    Particle accelerator ; cyclotron, Linear accelerators,
    Elementary ideas of superconductivity.
    3. Electronics
    Band theory of solids‐ conductors, insulators and
    semiconductors, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors P‐N junction,
    thermistor, Zenner diodes reverse and forward biased P‐N junction,
    solar cell. Use of diodes and transistors for rectification, amplification,
    oscillation, modulation and detection of r.t. waves. Transistor
    receiver, Television, Logic Gates.
    POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
    Paper‐I
    Section A
    POLITICAL THEORY
    1. Main features of ancient Indian political thought; Manu and
    Kautilya; Ancient Greek thought; Plato, Aristotle; General
    characteristics of European medieval political thought; St Thomas
    Aquinas, Marsiglio of Padua; Machiavelli; Hobbes, Locke,
    Montesquieu, Rousseau, Bentham, J.S.MiII, T.H. Green, Hegal, Marx,
    Lenin and Mao‐Tse‐Tung.
    2. Nature and scope of Political Science: Growth of Political
    Science as a discipline. Traditional Vs contemporary approaches;
    Behaviouralism and post‐behavioural developments; Systems theory
    133
    and other recent approaches to political analysis, Marxist approach to
    political analysis.
    3. The emergence and nature of the modern State: Sovereignty:
    Monistic and Pluralistic analysis of sovereignty; Power Authority and
    Legitimacy.
    4. Political obligation: Resistance and Revolution; Rights, Liberty,
    Equality, Justice.
    5. Theory of Democracy.
    6. Liberalism, Evolutionary Socialism (Democratic and Fabian) :
    Marxian ‐socialism Fascism.
    Section B
    GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO
    INDIA
    1. Approaches to the study of Comparative Politics: Traditional
    Structural‐Functional approach
    2. Political Institutions: The Legislature, Executive and Judiciary;
    Parties and Pressure‐. Groups; Theories of Party system, Lenin,
    Michels and Duverger, Electoral System; Bureaucracy‐Weber's views
    and modern critiques of Weber.
    3. Political Process: Political Socialization, modernization and
    Communication; the nature of the non‐western political process; A
    general study of the constitutional and political problems affecting
    Afro‐Asian Societies.
    Indian Political System (a) ‐ The Roots; Colonialism and
    Nationalism in India; A General study of modern Indian social and
    political thought; Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Dadabhai Nauroji, Gokhale,
    Tilak, Sri Aurobindo, Iqbal, Jinnah Gandhi,B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy
    and Nehru.
    (b) The structure of Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights
    and Directive Principles; Union Government, parliament, Cabinet,
    134
    Supreme Court and Judicial Review; Indian Federalism Centre‐State
    relations with spl. focus on Jammu and Kashmir State, State
    Government, Role of the Governor; Panchayati Raj.
    (c) The Functioning‐Class and caste in Indian politics, politics of
    regionalism, Linguism and communalism. Problems of secularization
    of the policy and national integration, Political elites; the changing
    composition, Political Parties and political participation, Planning and
    developmental administration. Socio‐economic changes and its
    impact on Indian democracy. Emergence and evoution of party
    system in J&K.
    Paper‐II
    PART I
    1. The nature and functioning of the Sovereignation State system.
    2. Concepts of International Politics; Power: National Interest;
    Balance of Power; "Power Vaccum."
    3. Theories of International Politics, The Realist theory; Systems
    theory; Decision making.
    4. Determinants of foreign policy: National Interest; Ideology;
    Elements of National Power (including nature of domestic sociopolitical
    institution)
    .
    5. Foreign Policy choices: Imperialism; balance of Power;
    Allegiances; Isolationalism; Nationalistic Universalism (Pax Britiannica,
    Pax Americana, Pax‐Sovietica); The 'Middle Kingdom' complex of
    China; Non‐alignment.
    6. The cold War: Origin, evolution and its impact on international
    relations: Defence and its impact; a new Cold War?
    7. Non‐Alignment: Meaning, Bases (National and international)
    the non‐aligned Movement and its role in international relations.
    135
    8. De‐colonization and expansion of the international community;
    Neo‐colonialism and racialism their impact on international relations;
    Asian‐African resurgence.
    9. The present International economic order; Aid, trade and
    economic development; the struggle for the New International
    Economic Order; Sovereignty over natural resources; the crisis in
    energy resources.
    10. The Role of the International law in international relations; The
    International Court of Justice.
    11. Origin and Development of International Organizations; The
    United Nations and specialized Agencies; their role in international
    relations.
    12. Regional Organisations : OAS, OAU, the Arab League, the
    ASEAN, the EEC, their role in international relations.
    13. Arms race disarmament and arms control; Conventional and
    nuclear arms, The Arms Trade; its impact on Third world role in
    international relations.
    14. Diplomatic theory and practice
    15. External intervention; ideological, Political and economic,
    "Cultural imperialism" Covert intervention by the major powers.
    Part‐II
    1. The uses and mis‐uses of nuclear energy; the impact of nuclear
    weapons on international relations; the Partial Test‐ban Treaty; the
    Nuclear Non‐Proliferation Treaty (NPT); Peaceful nuclear explosions
    (PNE).
    2. The problems and prospects of the Indian Ocean being made a
    peace‐zone.
    3. The Conflict situation in West Asia.
    136
    4. Conflict and co‐operation in South‐Asia.
    5. The (Post‐war) foreign policies of the major powers: United
    States, Soviet Union, China.
    6. The Third world in international relations; the North‐South"
    Dialogue" in the United Nations and outside.
    7. India's foreign policy and relations; India and the Super Powers;
    India and its neighbour; India and South‐east Asia; Indian and African
    problems; India's economic diplomacy; India and the question of
    nuclear weapons.
    PSYCHOLOGY
    Paper ‐ I
    FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY
    1. The Scope of Psychology
    Place of Psychology in the family of social and behavioural
    sciences.
    2. Methods of Psychology
    Methodological problems of psychology.
    General design of psychological research.
    Types of psychological research. The characteristics of
    psychological measurement.
    3. The nature, origin and development of human behaviour.
    Heredity and environment. Cultural factors and behaviour. The
    process of socialisation, Concept of National Character
    .
    4. Cognitive Processes
    Perception, Theories of perception, Perceptual organisation.
    Person perception. Perceptual defence. Transactional approach to
    perception, Perception and personality. Figural after‐effect.
    Perception styles. Perceptual abnormalities, Vigilance.
    137
    5. Learning
    Cognitive, Operant and Classical conditioning approaches.
    Learning phenomena, Extinction, Discrimination and generalisation.
    Discrimination learning. Probability learning . Programmed learning.
    6. Remembering
    Theories of remembering, Short term memory. Long term
    memory. Measurement of memory. Forgetting. Reminiscence.
    7. Thinking
    Problem solving concept formation, Strategies of concept
    formation, Information processing, Creative thinking. Convergent and
    Divergent thinking. Development of thinking in children, theories.
    8. Intelligence
    Nature of intelligence. Theories of Intelligence. Measurement of
    intelligence. Measurement of creativity. Aptitude. Measurement of
    aptitudes. The Concept of social intelligence.
    9. Motivation
    Characteristics of motivated behaviour. Approaches to
    motivation. Psycho‐analytic theory; Drive theory; Need hierarchy
    theory, Vector valence approach, Concept of level of aspiration.
    Measurement of motivation. the apathetic and the alienated
    individual, Incentives.
    10. Personality
    The concept of personality. Trait and type approaches. Factorial
    and dimensional approaches. Theories of personality; Freud, Allport,
    Murray, Cattell, Social learning theories and Field theory. The Indian
    approach to personality the concept of Gunas. Measurement of
    personality Questionnaires:
    138
    Rating scales: Psychometric Tests; Projective Tests; observation
    method.
    11. Language and communication.
    Psychological basis of language. Theories of language
    development skinner and chomsky. Non‐Verbal communication. Body
    language. Effective communication: Source and receiver
    characteristics. Persuasive communications.
    12. Attitudes and Values
    Structure of attitudes. Formation of Attitudes. Theories of
    attitudes. Attitude measurement. Types of attitude scales. Theories of
    attitude change values types of value, Motivational properties of
    values, Measurement of values.
    13. Recent trends
    Psychology and the Computer, Cybernetic model of behaviour.
    Simulation "studies in psychology. Study of consciousness. Altered
    states of consciousness; Sleep, dream, meditation and hypnotic
    trance; drug induced changes, Sensory deprivation, Human problems
    in aviation and space flight.
    14. Models of Man.
    The Mechanical Man. The organic Man. The organisational
    man. The humanistic Man. Implications of the different models for
    behaviour changes. An integrated model.
    Paper II
    PSYCHOLOGY ISSUES AND APPLICATIONS
    1. Individual difference :
    Measurement of individual differences: Types of psychological
    tests. Construction of psychological tests. Characteristics of a good
    psychological test. Limitations of. psychological test.
    139
    .2. Psychological Disorders:
    Classification of disorders and nosological systems. Neurotic,
    psychotic and psychophysiologic disorders. Psychopathic personality.
    Theories of psychological disorder. The problem of anxiety,
    depression and stress
    3. Therapeutic Approaches:
    Psychodynamic approach, Behaviour therapy, Client centered
    therapy, Cognitive therapy, Group therapy.
    4. Application of psychology to organisations and industrial problems:
    Personnel selection, Training, Work motivation, Theories of
    work motivation, job designing, Leadership training, Participatory
    management.
    5. Small Group:
    The concept of small group, properties of groups, Group at
    work. Theories of group behaviour. Measurement of group behaviour,
    interaction process analysis, interpersonal' relations.
    6. Social Change:
    Characteristics of social change, Psychological basis of change,
    Steps in the change process. Resistance to change. Factors
    contributing to resistance. Planning for change. The concept of change
    proneness.
    7. Psychology and the Learning Process:
    The Learner, School as an agent of socialisation. Problems
    relating to adolescents in learning situations, Gifted and retarded
    children and problems related to their training.
    140
    8. Disadvantaged Groups.
    Types: Social, Cultural and economic, Psychological
    consequences of disadvantage. Concept of deprivation. Educating the
    disadvantaged groups. Problems of motivating the disadvantaged
    groups.
    9. Psychology and the problem of Social integration.
    The problem of ethnic prejudice. Nature of prejudice.
    Manifestations of prejudice. Development of prejudice.'
    Measurement of prejudice. Amelioration of prejudice. Prejudice and
    personality. Steps to achieve social integration.
    10. Psychology and Economic Development.
    The. nature of achievement motivation. Motivating people for
    achievement. Promotion of entrepreneurship. The Entrepreneur
    Syndrome, Technological change and its impact on human behaviour.
    11. Management of information and Communication.
    Psychological factors in Information management, information
    overload. Psychological basis of effective communication. Mass media
    and their role in social change. Impact of television. Psychological
    basis of effective advertising.
    12. Problems of Contemporary Society, Stress, Management of stress.
    Alcoholism and Drug Addiction. The Socially Deviant. Juvenile
    Delinquency. Crime Rehabilitation of the deviant. The problem of the
    aged.
    141
    PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
    Paper‐I
    Administrative theory
    1. Basic Premises, Meaning scope and significance of public
    administration; Private and public administration; its role in
    developed and developing societies; Ecology of administration‐ social,
    economic, cultural, political and legal; Evolution of Public
    administration as a discipline; Public Administration as an art and a
    Science; New Public Administration.
    2. Theories of Organisation‐ Scientific management (Taylor and his
    associates); The Bureaucratic theory of organisation (Weber), Classical
    theory of Organisation (Henri Fayol, Luther Gulic and others): The
    Human Relations theory of Organisations (Elton Mayo and his
    Colleagues): Behavioural approach, systems Approach; Organisation
    Effectiveness.
    3. Principles of Organisation‐ Hierarchy, Unity of Command
    authority and Responsibility, Co‐ordination, Span of Control,
    Supervision, Centralization and decentralization, delegation.
    4. Administrative Behaviour‐ Decision making with Special
    Reference to the contribution of Herbert Simon, Theories of
    Leadership; Communication; Morale; Motivation (Maslow and
    Herzberg).
    5. Structure of Organisations‐ Chief Executive; Types of chief
    Executives and their functions; Line staff and Auxiliary agencies;
    Departments; Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions,
    Headquarters and field relationship.
    6. Personnel Administration‐ Bureaucracy and Civil Services;
    Position Classification; Recruitment; Training; Career Development;
    Performance Appraisal; Promotion; Pay and Service Conditions;
    Retirement Benefits; Discipline; Employee Relations, Integrity in
    Administration; Generalists and Specialists Neutrality and Anonymity.
    142
    7. Financial Administration‐ Concept of Budget; Preparation and
    Execution of the Budget; Performance Budgeting; Legislative Control
    Accounts and Audit.
    8. Accountability and Control ‐ The concepts of Accountability and
    control; Legislative Executive and Judicial Control over Administration,
    Citizen and Administration.
    9. Administrative Reforms‐ O&M, work study, Work
    Measurement; Administrative Reforms; Processes and Obstacles.
    10. Administrative Law‐ Importance of Administrative Law;
    Delegated Legislation; Meaning, Types, Advantages, Limitations,
    Safeguards, Administrative Tribunals.
    11. Comparative and Development Administration Meaning,
    Nature and Scope of Comparative Public Administration, Contribution
    of Fred Riggs with particular reference to the Prismatic. Sale model.
    The concept, Scope and significance of Development Administration,
    Political Economic and socio‐ Cultural Context of Development
    Administration. The Concept of Administrative Development.
    12. Public Policy‐ Relevance of Policy Making in Public
    Administration. The process of policy Formulation and
    implementation.
    Paper‐II
    INDIAN ADMINISTRATION
    i) Evolution of Indian Administration ‐ Kautilya; Mughal period;
    British period.
    ii) Environmental Setting‐ Constitution, Parliamentary
    Democracy, Federalism Planning, Socialism.
    iii) Political Executive at the Union Level‐President, Prime
    Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet Committees.
    143
    iv) Structure of Central Administration‐ Secretariat, Cabinet
    Secretariat, Ministries and Departments Boards and
    Commissions, field Organisations.
    v) Centre‐State Relations ‐ Legislative, Administrative. Planning
    and Financial.
    vi) Public Services‐ All India Services, Central Services, State
    Services, Local Civil Services, Union and State Public Service
    Commission Training of Civil Services.
    vii) Machinery for Planning—Plan Formulation at the National
    Level ; National Development Council ; Planning commission ;
    Planning Machinery at the State and District Levels.
    viii) Public Undertakings‐ Forms, management control and
    problems.
    ix) Control of Public Expenditure‐ Parliamentary control; Role of
    the Finance Ministry, Comptroller and Auditor General.
    x) Administration of Law and Order‐ Role of Central and State
    Agencies in maintenance of Law and Order.
    xi) State Administration‐ Governor; Chief Minister. Council of
    Ministers; Secretariat, Chief Secretary. Directorates.
    xii) District and local Administration‐ Role and Importance; District
    Collector; land and revenue, law and order and development
    functions District Rural Development Agency; Special
    Development Programmes.
    xiii) Local Administration‐ Panchayati Raj; Urban Local Government
    features, Forms, Problems, Autonomy of local Bodies.
    xiv) Administration for Welfare‐ Administration for the Welfare of
    weaker Sections with Particular Reference to Scheduled
    Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Programmes for the Welfare of
    Women.
    144
    xv) Issue Areas in Indian Administration‐ Relationship between
    Political and Permanent Executives. Generalists and Specialists
    in Administration. Integrity in Administration. People’s
    Participation in Administration, Redressal of Citizens
    Grievances, Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas, Administrative Reforms
    in India.
    SOCIOLOGY
    Paper‐I
    GENERAL SOCIOLOGY
    Scientific Study of Social phenomena: The emergence of
    sociology and its relationships with other disciplines; science and
    social behaviour, the problems of objectivity; the scientific method
    and design of sociological research; techniques of data collection and
    measurement including participant and non participant observation,
    interview schedules and questionnaires and measurement of
    attitudes.
    Pioneering contribution to sociology: The seminal ideas of
    Durkheim, Weber, Red cliffe‐ Brown, Malinowski. Parsons, Merton
    and Marx historical materialism, alienation, class and class struggle
    Durkheim‐ division of labour, social fact, religion and society; Webersocial
    action types of authority, bureaucracy, rationality. Protestant
    ethnic and the spirit of capitalism ideal types.
    The individual and society: Individual behaviour; Social
    interaction, society and social group; social system status and role;
    culture, personality and socialization; conformity, deviance and social
    control; role conflicts.
    Social stratification and mobility: Inequality and stratification;
    different conceptions of class; theories of stratification; caste and
    class; class and society; types of mobility; intergenerational mobility;
    open and closed models of mobility.
    Family, marriage and kinship; Structure and functions of family;
    structural principles of kinship; family, descent and kinship; change in
    society, change in age and sex roles and change in marriage and
    family; marriage and divorce.
    145
    Formal organisations; Elements of formal and informal
    structures bureaucracy; modes of participation‐democratic and
    authoritarian forms, voluntary associations.
    Economic system; Property Concepts, Social dimensions of
    division of labour and types of exchange; social aspects of preindustrial
    and industrial economic system; industrialization and
    changes in the political, educational, religious familiar and
    stratificational spheres; social' determinants and consequences of
    economic development.
    Political system; The nature of social power‐ community power
    structure; power of the elite, class power, organisation power, power
    of unorganized masses; power authority and legitimacy; power in
    democracy and in totalitarian society; political parties and voting.
    Educational system; Social origins and orientation of students
    and teachers, equality of educational opportunity, education as a
    medium of cultural reproduction, indoctrination, social stratification
    and mobility; education and modernisation.
    Religion; The religious phenomenon; the sacred and the
    Profane; social functions and dysfunctions of religion; magic religion
    and science; changes in society and changes in religion secularization.
    Social change and development; Social structure and social
    change continuity and change as fact and as value; Processes of
    change; theories of change; social disorganization and social
    movements; types of social movements; directed social change, social
    policy and social development.
    Paper‐II
    Society of India
    Historical moorings of the Indian society. Traditional Hindu
    social organization; socio‐cultural dynamics through the ages,
    especially the impact of Buddhism, Islam and the modern West;
    factors in continuity and change.
    146
    Social stratification; Caste system and its transformation
    aspects of ritual, economic and caste status, cultural and structural
    views about caste, mobility in caste, issues of equality and social
    justice caste among the Hindus and the non‐Hindus; casteism; the
    Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes; untouchability and its
    eradication; agrarian and industrial class structure.
    Family, marriage and kinship; Regional variation in Kinship
    systems and its socio‐cultural correlates changing aspects of kinship;
    the joint family its structural and functional aspects and its changing
    form and disorganization; marriage among different ethnic groups
    and economic categories, its changing trend and its future; impact of
    legislation and socioeconomic change upon family and marriage,
    intergenerations gap and youth unrest; changing status of women.
    Economic system; The jajmani system and its bearing on the
    traditional society; market economy and its social consequences;
    occupational diversification and social structure profession trade
    unions; social determinants and consequences of economic
    development; economic inequalities, exploitation and corruption.
    Political systems; The functioning of the democratic political
    system in a traditional society; political parties and their social
    composition; social structural origins of political elites and their social
    orientations, decentralization of power and political participation.
    Educational system; Education and society in the traditional and
    the modern contests, educational inequality and change; education
    and social mobility, educational problems of women, the Backward
    Classes and the Schedule Castes.
    Religion: Demographic dimensions, geographical distribution
    and neighbourhood living patterns of major religious categories;
    interreligious interaction and its manifestation in the problems of
    conversion, minority status and communalism, secularism.
    Tribal societies and their integrations: Distinctive features of
    tribal communities, tribes and caste; accuituration and integration.
    147
    Rural social system and community development; Socio‐ cultural
    dimensions of the village community traditional power structure
    democratization and leadership; poverty, indebtedness and bonded
    labour; social consequences of land reforms, Community
    Development Programme and other planned development projects
    and of Green Revolution; New strategies to rural development.
    Urban social organization; Continuity and change in the
    traditional cases of social organization, namely, kinships, caste and
    religion in the urban context; stratification and mobility in urban
    communities, ethnic diversity and community integration; urban
    neighbourhoods; rural urban differences in demographic and sociocultural
    characteristics and their social consequences. Population
    dynamics: Socio‐cultural aspects of sex and age structure, marital
    status, fertility and mortality; the problem of population explosion,
    social, psychological, cultural and economic factors in the adoption of
    family planning practices.
    Social change and modernization; Problems of Role conflictyouth
    unrest‐ intergenerational gap changing Status of Women; Major
    Sources of social change and of Resistance to change, impact of West,
    reform movements, social movements industrialization and
    urbanization, pressure groups factors of planned change‐ Five year
    Plans legislative and executive measures; process of changesanskritization,
    westernization and modernization; means of
    modernization‐ mass media and education; problem of change and
    modernization ‐ structural contradictions and breakdowns.
    Current Social Evils: Corruption and Nepotism‐ Smuggling ‐Black
    money.
    148
    STATISTICS
    Paper‐I
    Attempt any 5 questions choosing at most 2 from each section.
    Four questions of equal weightage will be set in each section.
    i) Probability
    Sample space and events, probability measure and probability
    space, Statistical independence, Random variable as a measureable
    function, discrete and continuous random variables, Probability
    density and distribution functions, marginal and conditional
    distributions functions of random variables and their distributions,
    expectations and movements, conditional expectation, correlation
    coefficient; convergence in probability in LP almost everywhere;
    Markov, Chebychev and Kolmogrov inequalities, Borel‐ Cantelli
    lemma, weak and strong law of large numbers probability generating
    and characteristic functions. Uniqueness and continuous probability
    distributions, their interrelations including limiting cases.
    ii) Statistical Inference
    Properties of estimates, consistency, unbiasedness, efficiency,
    sufficiency and completeness. Cramer‐Rao bond, Minimum variance
    unbiased estimation, Rao Blockwell and Lehmann Sheffe's theorem
    methods of estimation by movements maximum likelihood, minimum
    Chi‐square. Properties of maximum likelihood estimators confidence
    intervals for parameters of standards distributions.
    Simple and composite hypotheses, statistical tests and critical
    region, two kinds of error, power function unbiased tests, most
    powerful and uniformly most powerful tests Neyman Person Lemma,
    Optimal tests for simple hypotheses concerning one parameter,
    monotone likelihood ratio property and its use in constructing UMP
    test, Likelihood ratio criterion and its asympiotic distribution, Chisquare
    and Kolmogoro tests for goodness of fit. Run test for
    randomness Sign test for Location, Wilcoxon‐Mann‐Whitney test and
    Kolmogor‐ Smirnov test for the two sample problem. Distribution free
    149
    confidence intervals for quantities and confidence bands for
    distribution function.
    .
    Notions of a sequential test, walds SPRT, its CC and ASN function.
    iii) Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis
    Theory of least squares and Analysis of variance, Gauss‐Mark
    off theory, normal equations, least square estimates and their
    precision. Tests of significance and intervals estimates based on least
    square theory in one way, two way and three way classified data.
    Regression Analysis, linear regression, estimates and tests about
    correlation and regression coefficient curve linear regression and
    orthogonal polynomials, test for linearity of regression Multivariate
    normal distribution, multiple regression, multiple and partial
    correlation. Mahalanoblis D2 and Hotening T2— Statistics and their
    applications (derivatiorns of distribution of D2 and T2 excluded)
    Fisher's discriminant analysis.
    Paper‐II
    (i) Select any three sections
    (ii) Attempt any 5 questions from the selected sections, choosing
    at most, two questions from each selected section. Four questions of
    equal weight will be set in each section.
    I. Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments.
    Nature and scope of sampling, simple random sampling,
    sampling from finite populations with and without replacements
    estimation of the standard errors sampling with equal probabilities
    and PPS sampling. Stratified random and systematic sampling two
    stage and multistage sampling multi phase and cluster sampling
    schemes.
    Estimation of Population total and mean, use of biased and
    unbiased estimates auxiliary variables, double sampling standard
    errors of estimates cost and variance functions ratio and regression
    estimates and their relative efficiency. Planning and organization of
    150
    sample surveys with special reference to recent large scale surveys
    conducted in India.
    Principles of experimental designs, CRD, RBD, LSD, missing plot
    technique factor experiments 2n and 3n design general theory of total
    and partial confounding and fractional replication. Analysis of split
    plot, BIB and simple lattice designs.
    II. Engineering Statistics
    Concepts of quality and meaning of control. Different type of
    control charts like X‐R charts, P charts np charts and cumulative sum
    control charts.
    Sampling inspection Vs 100 percent inspection. Single, double,
    multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes inspection, OC,
    ASN and ATI curves, Concepts of producer risk and consumer's risk
    AQL, AQQL, LTPD etc. Variable Sampling plants.
    Definition of Reliability, maintainability and availability. Life
    distribution failure rate and both tub, failure curve expotential and
    Weibull model. Reliability of series and Parallel systems and other
    simple configuration different types of redundancy like hot and cold
    and use of redundancy in reliability improvement problem in life
    testing censored and truncated experiments for exponential model.
    III. Operational Research
    Scope and definition of OR different types of models, their
    construction and obtaining solution.
    Homogenous discrete time Markov chains, transition
    probability matrix, classification of states and ergodic theorems.
    Homogenous continuous time Markov chains. Elements of queuing
    theory, M/M/I and M/M/K queues, the problem of machine
    interference and GI/M/I and M/GI queues.
    Concepts of scientific inventory management and analytical
    structure of inventory problems Simple models with deterministic and
    151
    stochastic demand with and without lead time. Storage models with
    particular reference to dam type.
    The Structure and formation of a linear programming problem.
    The simplex procedure two phase methods and charnes‐ M Method
    with artificial variables. The quality theory of linear programming and
    its economic interpretation Sensitivity analysis.
    Transportation and assignment problems.
    Replacement of items that fail and those that deteriorate,
    group and individual replacement policies.
    Introduction to computers and elements of Fortran IV
    Programming formats for input and output, statements specification
    and logic statements and sub‐routines. Applications to some simple
    statistical problems.
    IV. Quantitative Economics
    Concept of time series, additive and multiplicative models,
    resolution into four components, determination of trend by freehand
    drawing, moving averages, and fitting of mathematical curves,
    seasonal indices and estimate of the variance of the random
    components.
    Definition, construction, interpretation, and limitations of index
    numbers, Lespeyre Parsche Edgewoth‐ Marshall and Fisher index
    numbers their comparisons tests for index numbers and construction
    of cost of living index.
    Theory and analysis of consumer demand‐ specification and
    estimation of demand function. Demand elasticities. Theory of
    production, supply functions and elasticities, input demand functions.
    Estimation of parameters in single equation model‐ classical least
    squares, generalised least squares heterscedasticity, serial correlation,
    multicollinearity, errors in variables model simultaneous equation
    models ‐ identification, rank and order conditions, Indirect least
    squares and two stage least squares. Short term economic
    forecasting.
    152
    V. Demography and Psychometry
    Sources of demographic data; census registration; NSS and
    other demographic surveys. Limitation and uses of demographic data.
    Vital rates and rations; Definition construction and uses
    Life tables‐ complete and abridged: construction of life tables
    from vital statistics and census returns Uses of life tables.
    Logistic and other population growth curves.
    Measure of fertility, Gross and net reproduction rates
    Stable population theory, Uses of stable‐‐‐ and quasi stable population
    techniques in estimation of demographic parameters.
    Morbidity and its measurement Standard classification by cause
    of death. Health surveys and use of hospital statistics.
    Educational and psychological statistics methods of
    standardisation of scales and tests, IQ tests, reliability of tests and T
    and Z scores.
    ZOOLOGY
    Paper‐I
    Non Chordata and Chordata, Ecology, Ethology,Biostatistics and
    Economic Zoology
    Section A
    Non Chordata and Chordata
    1. A general survey, classification and relationship of the various
    phyla.
    2. Protozoa: Study of the structure, bionomica and life history of
    Paramaecium, Monocyotis, malarial parasite, Trypanosoma and
    Leishmania
    153
    Locomotion, nutrition and reproduction in Protozoa
    3. Porifiera ; Canal system, skeleton and reproduction.
    4. Coelenterata: Structure and life history of Obelia and Aurelia,
    polymorphism in Hydrozoa, coral formation, metagenesia,
    phylogenetic relationship of Cinidaria and Acnidaria
    5. Helminths: Structure and life History of Planaria, Fasciola,
    Taenia and ascaris. Parasitic adaptation, Helminths in relation to man.
    6. Annelida: Neries, earth work and leech; coelom and
    metamerism; modes of life in polychaetes.
    7. Arthropoda: Palemon, scorpion, Cockroach, larvel forms and
    parasitism in Crustace, mouth part vision and respiration in
    arthropods, social life and metamorphosis in insects. Importance of
    Peripatus.
    8. Mollusca: Unio Pila, oyster culture and pearl formation,
    cephalopodes.
    9. Echinodermata‐General organisation, larval forms and affinities
    of Echinodermata.
    10. General organisation and characters, outline classification and
    interrelationship of protochordata, Pisces,Amphibia, Reptilila, Aves
    and Mammalia.
    11. Neoteny and retrogressive metamorphosis.
    12. A general study of comparative account of the various systems
    of vertebrates.
    13. Locomotion; migration and respiration in fishes; structure and
    affinities of Dipnoi.
    14. Origin of Amphibia: distribution, anatomical peculiarities and
    affinities of Urodela and Apoda.
    154
    15. Origin of Reptiles; adaptive radiation in reptiles; 'fossil reptiles;
    poisonous and non poisonous snakes of India; poison apparatus of
    snake.
    16. Origin of birds: flightless birds, aerial adaptation and migration
    of birds.
    17. Origin of mammals; homologies of ear ossicles in mammals;
    dentition and skin derivatives of mammals; distribution, structural
    peculiarities and phylogenetic relations of Prototheria and
    Methatheria.
    Section B
    ECOLOGY, ETHOLOGY, BIOSTATICS AND ECONOMIC ZOOLOGY
    Ecology
    1. Environment; Abiotic factors and their role; Biotic factors‐ Inter
    and inter‐specific relations.
    2. Animal: Organisation at population and community levels,
    ecological successions.
    3. Ecosystem: Concept, components, fundamental operation,
    energy flow, biogeo chemical cycles, food chain and trophic levels.
    4. Adaptation in fresh water, marine and terrestial habitats.
    5. Pollution in air, water and land.
    6. Wild life in India and its conservation.
    Ethology
    7. General survey of Various types of animal behaviour.
    8. Role of hormones and pheromones in behaviour
    155
    9. Chronobiology; Biological clock, seasonal rhythms, tidal
    rhythms.
    10. Neuro‐endocrine control of behaviour.
    Economic Zoology
    11. Parasitism, commensalism and host parasite relationship.
    12. Parasitic protozoan's helminthis and insects of man and
    domestic animals.
    13. Insect pests of crops and stored products.
    14. Beneficial insects.
    15. Pisiculture and induced breeding.
    Paper‐II
    Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Systematics, Biochemistry,
    Physiology and Embryology.
    Section A
    Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Systematics
    1. Cell Biology‐ Structure and function of cell and cytoplasmic
    constituents; structure of nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria,
    golgibodies, endo‐plasmic reticulum and ribosomes, cell division;
    mitotic spindle and chromosome movements and meiosis.
    Gene structure and Function; Watson ‐Crick model of DNA,
    replication of DNA Genetic code; protein synthesis cell differentation
    sex chromosomes and sex determination.
    2. Genetics‐ Mendelian laws of inheritance re‐combination linkage
    and linkage maps, multiple alleles; mutation (natural and induced)
    mutation and evolution, meiosis, chromosome number and form,
    structural rearrangements; polyploidy; cytoplasmic inheritance,
    156
    regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes;
    biochemical genetics, elements of human genetics; normal and
    abnormal karyotypes; genes and diseases. Eugenics.
    3. Evolution and systematics‐ Origin of life, history of evolutionary
    thought Lamarck and his works. Darwin and his works sources and
    nature of organic variation. Natural Selection, Hardy‐Weinberg law,
    cryptic and warning colouration mimicry; isolating mechanism, and
    their role Insular fauna, concept of species and sub‐species, principles
    of classification, Zoological nomenclature and international code.
    Fossils, outline of geological eras phylogeny of horse, elephant, camel,
    origin and evolution of man, principles and theories of continental
    distribution of animals Zoogeographical realms of the world.
    Section B
    BIOCHEMISTRY, PHYSIOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY
    1. Biochemistry: Structure of carbohydrates, lipids, aminoacids,
    proteins and nucleic acids, glycolysis and krebs cycle, oxidation and
    reduction, oxidative phosphorylation, energy conservation and
    release, ATP Cyclic AMP, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids,
    cholesterol, steroid hormones Types of enzymes, mechanism of
    enzyme action immunoglobulins and immunity, vitamins and coenzymes;
    Hormones, their classification, biosynthesis and functions.
    2. Physiology with special reference to mammals: composition of
    blood, blood groups in man, coagulation, oxygen and carbon dioxide
    transport haemoglobin, breathing and its regulation nephron and
    urine formation, acid base balance and homeostasis; temperature
    regulation in man, mechanism of conduction along axon and across
    synapes, neurotransmitters, vision, hearing and other receptors; types
    of muscles, ultra structures and mechanism of contraction of skeletal
    muscles, role of salivary gland, liver, pancreas and intestinal glands in
    digestion, absorption of digested food, nutrition and balanced diet of
    man, mechanism of action of steroid and peptide hormones, role of
    hypo‐thalamus, pituitary thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal testis
    ovary and pineal organs and their inter‐relationships, physiology of
    reproduction in humans, hormonal control of development in man
    and insects, pheromones in insects and mammals.
    157
    Embryology: Gametogenesis, fertilization, types of eggs,
    cleavage, development upto gastrulation in branchiostoma, frog and
    chick, Fate maps of frog and chick, Metamorphosis in frog; Formation
    and fate of extra embryonic membrance in chick; formation of anmion
    allantois and types of placenta in mammals, function of placenta in
    mammals; organisers, Regeneration, genetic, control of development.
    Organogenesis of central nervous system, sense organs heart and
    kidney of vertebrate embryos. Aging and its implication in relation to
    man.
    158
    APPENDIX –III
    Regulations for the Medical Examination of Candidates for
    admission to the Jammu and Kashmir Police (Gazetted) Service.
    These regulations are intended merely for the guidance
    of Medical Examiners and are not meant to restrict their discretion in
    any manner.
    1. To be passed as medically fit for admission to the J&K Police
    (Gazetted) Service, a candidate must be in good mental and bodily
    health and free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the
    efficient performance of the duties of his appointment.
    2. The candidate’s height will be measured as follows:‐
    He will remove his shoes and be placed against the standard
    with his feet together, and the weight thrown on the heels and
    not on the toes of outer sides of the feet. He will stand erect
    without rigidity and with the heel claves, buttocks and
    shoulders touching the standard; the chin will be depressed to
    bring the vertex of the heel level under the horizontal bar, and
    the height will be recorded in inches and parts of an inch to
    quarters.
    3. The candidate’s chest will be measured as follows:‐
    He will be made to stand erect with his feet together and to
    raise his arms over his head. The tape will be so adjusted round
    the chest that its upper edge touches the interior angles of the
    shoulders blades behind and its lower edge the upper part of
    the nipple in front. The arms will then be lowered to hand
    loosely by the side, and care‐be taken that shoulders are not
    thrown upwards or backwards so as to displace the tape.
    The candidate will then be directed to take deep inspiration
    several times, and the maximum expansion of the chest will be
    carefully noted. The range of the expansion should not be less
    159
    than 1&1/2//. The minimum and maximum will then be
    recorded in inches ‐ 33‐35, 34‐36 etc. etc.
    In recording the measurement, fractions of less than ½ inch
    should not be noted. In this connection, the following table is
    given for the guidance of Medical Officer.
    CHEST.
    Age last Height without shoes Girth when Range of
    Birthday in Inches. fully expanded expansion not
    less than
    __________________________________________________ _______
    18 62 and under 65 34 2 inch
    65 and under 68 34/1/2 ‐do‐
    68 and under 72 35 ‐do
    72 and upwards 35/1/2 ‐do‐
    19 62/1/2 and under 65 34/1/4 ‐do‐
    65 and under 68 34/1/4 ‐do‐
    68 and under 70 35 ‐do‐
    70 and under 72 35/1/2 ‐do‐
    72 and upwards 36 ‐do‐
    20 62/1/2 and under 65 34 ‐do‐
    65 and under 68 34 ‐do‐
    68 and under 70 ‐do‐
    70 and under 72 35/1/2 ‐do‐
    72 and upwards 36 ‐do‐
    21and
    upwards 62/1/2 and under 65 34/1/2 ‐do‐
    65 and under 68 35 ‐do‐
    68 and under 70 35/1/2 ‐do‐
    70 and under 72 36 ‐do‐
    72 and upwards 36/1/2 ‐do160
    4. The candidate will also be weighed, and his weight recorded in
    pounds. Fractions of pound should not be noted.
    5. The following conditions should be observed in connection with
    the test for acuteness of vision:‐
    Vision of Candidates.
    (a) No candidate will be accepted whose vision is less
    than :
    Better eye Worse eye
    V‐5/6 Reads 6. V‐6/12 Reads 1.
    Spectacles will be allowed for either eye up to plus 5.0 or
    minus 5.0 D; provided that there are no morbid changes
    in the fundus.
    (b) In myopia if there is a posterior staphyloma, the
    spectacles must not exceed 2.5 D in either eye.
    (c) In case of astigmatism, the combined lenses must
    not exceed 5 Diopters and there should be no
    fundus changes.
    (d) Squint or any other morbid condition of the eyes of
    the lids of either eye liable to the risk of
    aggravation or recurrence will cause the rejection
    of the candidate.
    (e) Each eye must have a full field of vision as tested
    by hand movements.
    (f) Any defect in colour vision will be noted, but will
    not cause rejection of the candidate.
    (g) In case of doubt or of serious abnormality, the
    opinion of the Ophthalmic Specialist will be
    obtained.
    161
    (h) No candidate will be accepted whose standard of
    vision does not come up to the specified
    requirements without the use of the contact
    glasses.
    6. The Urine (passed in presence of the Examiner) should be
    examined and the result recorded.
    7. The following additional points should be observed:
    (a) That the candidate’s hearing in each ear is good,
    and that there is no sign of disease of the ear;
    (b) that his speech is without impediment;
    (c) that his teeth are in good order and that he is
    provided with dentures where necessary for
    effective mastication (well filled teeth will be
    considered as sound).
    (d) that his chest is well formed and his chest
    expansion sufficient, and that his heart and lungs
    are sound;
    (e) that there is no evidence of abdominal disease;
    (f) that he is not raptured;
    (g) that he does not suffer from hydrocelea severe
    degree of varicose, varico sevens or piles.
    (h) that his limbs, hands and feet are well formed and
    developed and that there is free and perfect
    motion of all his joints;
    (i) that he does not suffer from any inveterate etc.
    skin disease;
    (j) that there is no congenital malformation or defect;
    162
    (k) that he does not bear traces of acute or chronic
    disease pointing to an impaired constitution;
    (L) that he bears marks of efficient vaccination and
    evidence of re‐vaccination within the last 12
    months.
    When any defect is found it must be noted in the
    certificate and the medical examiner should state his opinion whether
    or not it is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the
    duties which will be required of the candidate. If the condition is
    remediable by operation it should be stated.
    The following intimation is made for the guidance of the
    Medical Examiner:‐
    1. In the medical examination of candidates Medical Officers are
    specially required to use tact and judgment and to take proper
    precaution to secure privacy with the object of removing any
    objection which may be made by individuals to stripping.
    2. Should a candidate object to the Exposure of his person for the
    detection of haemorrhoide, venereal diseases, hernia and disease of
    the testicles, scrotum and rectum, the candidate must if this
    examination in his case is in the opinion of the Board necessary, be
    rejected.
    3. The opinion of the Board accepting or rejecting a candidate is
    final and cannot be questioned on this ground. The Board is debarred
    from disclosing to any candidate, permanently unfit; the reasons for
    his rejection. In these cases their opinion and report is to be treated
    as strictly confidential and for the information of Government only.
    Where, however, the Board detects a temporary defect amendable to
    treatment the candidate may be so informed in order that he may
    have the defect remedied and present himself for re‐examination.
    4. No person will be deemed qualified for admission to the service
    who shall not satisfy the Government that he has no disease,
    constitutional affection or bodily infirmity unfitting him or likely to
    unfit him, for that service.
    163
    5. It should be understood that the question of fitness involves
    the future as well as the present, and the main object of medical
    examination is to secure continuous effective service, and in the case
    of candidates for permanent appointment to prevent early pension or
    payment in case of premature death. It is at the same time to be
    noted that the question is one of the likelihood of continuous
    effective service and that the rejection of a candidate need not be
    advised on account of the presence of a defect which is only a small
    pro‐portion of cases is found to interfere with continuous effectively
    service.
    The candidate must make the statement required below prior
    to his medical examination and must sign the declaration appended
    thereto. His attention is specially directed to the warning contained in
    the note below:‐
    1. State your name in full.
    2. State your age and birth place.
    3. (a) have you ever had small pox intermittent or
    any other fever, enlargement of
    suppuration of glands, spitting of blood,
    asthama, inflammation of lungs, heart
    disease, fainting attacks, rheumatism, or
    appendicitis.
    (b) any other disease or accident requiring
    confinement to bed, and medical or surgical
    treatment.
    OR
    (c) have you ever been rejected by a medical
    Board or a duly constituted Medical
    Authority?
    4. When were you last vaccinated?
    5. Have you or any of your nearer relations been
    affected with consumption, scrofula, asthama, fits,
    epilepsy, or insanity?
    164
    6. Have you suffered from any from of nervousness
    due to overwork or any other cause?
    7. Furnish the following particulars concerning your
    family:‐
    I II III IV
    Father share if
    living and state
    of health
    Father’s age at
    death and
    cause of death
    Number of
    brothers living,
    their ages and
    state of health
    Number of
    brothers dead
    their ages and
    cause of death
    V VI VII VIII
    Mother’s age if
    living and state
    of health
    Mother’s age at
    death and
    cause of death
    Number of
    sisters living
    their ages and
    state of health
    Number of
    sisters dead,
    their ages and
    cause of death
    I declare all the above answers to be, to the best of my belief,
    true and correct and accept the finding of the Board as final.
    Candidate’s Signature
    MEDICAL EXAMINER’S REPROT
    Question Answers Remarks
    ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐
    1. Has the declaration of the
    preceding page been signed by
    the candidate?
    2. Are there any evidence of
    malformation congenital or
    acquired ?
    3. Is he free from scars and has
    he the full use of all limbs?
    4. Are there any indications of a
    decided cashetic or diathetic
    165
    state of constitution?
    5. Are there any signs of disease
    of the nervous system ?
    6. Is the hearing good? Is there
    any sign of disease of the ears?
    7. Has the candidate been
    vaccinated within the last 12
    months ?
    8. What is the candidate’s
    vision? R.E.V. with glass. Reads.
    L.E.V. with glasses. Spectacles if
    any R.E.L.E.
    9. Is the candidate free from
    stamer or other serious defect
    of speech ?
    10. Are there any signs of
    disease of the bones, joints or
    parts connected therewith?
    11. Is there any important
    affection of the skin?
    12. (a) Are the heart and
    arteries healthy ?
    (b) Blood pressure‐
    Systolic/Diastolic?
    13. Has the candidate
    haemorrhoide, vericoele or
    other affection of veins ?
    14. Is there any sign of disease
    of the digestive organs?
    15. Are there any signs of
    disease of the respiratory
    organs ?
    16. Is the candidate free from
    rapture?
    17. Is there any indication of
    disease of the genial organs?
    18. Is the urine free from ____
    (1) Albumen (2) Sugar 1.
    2.
    Is the urine otherwise normal?
    166
    19. Is there anything in the
    health of the candidate likely to
    render him unfit for the efficient
    discharge of his duties in the
    service for which he is a
    candidate?
    20. Do you consider the
    candidate in all respects
    qualified for the efficient and
    continuous discharge of his
    duties in the service for which
    he is a candidate?
    Height without shoes, Girth
    of Chest (full inspiration).
    Weight President.
    Dated: Member.
    Member.
    Note 1‐ The candidate will be held responsible for the accuracy of the
    above statement. By willfully suppressing any information, he will
    incur the risk of losing the appointment and if appointed of forfeiting
    all claims to superannuation allowance or gratuity.
    Note 2‐ A candidate for direct recruitment should attach with the
    prescribed application a treasury receipt for an amount of Rs.16 on
    account of Examination fee which shall not be refundable in the event
    of the candidates failing to be selected by the Medical Board.
    167
    APPENDIX‐IV
    REGULATIONS RELATING TO THE PHYSICAL EXAMINATION OF
    CANDIDATES.
    These regulations are notified for the convenience of
    candidates and in order to enable them to ascertain the probability of
    their coming up to the required physical standard. But it must be
    clearly understood that the Government reserves to themselves an
    absolute discretion to reject as unfit any candidate whom they may
    consider on the report of the Medical Board, to be physically
    disqualified and that their discretion, is in no respect limited by these
    regulations. These regulations are intended merely for the guidance
    of Medical Examiners and are not meant to restrict their discretion in
    any way.
    (1) To be passed as fit for appointment, a candidate
    must be in good mental and bodily health and free from any physical
    defect likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the duties
    of his appointment.
    Provided that Medical Board shall intimate the nature
    and degree of disability of physically challenged candidate in terms of
    Government Order No.62‐SW of 2001 dated: 13.03.2001 with specific
    recommendations, if any, in respect of each of such candidate (s) for
    appointment to various posts through the Combined Competitive
    Examination.
    (2) In the matter of correlation of age, height and
    chest girth of candidate, it is left to the Medical Board to use
    whatever correlation figures are considered most suitable as a guide
    in the examination of the candidates. If there be any disproportion
    with regard to height, weight and chest girth, the candidate should be
    hospitalized for investigation and X‐Ray of the chest taken before the
    candidate is declared fit or not fit by the Board.
    (3) The candidate will be weighed and his weight
    recorded in kilograms; fractions of a half a kilogram should not be
    noted:‐
    168
    (4) The candidate’s eye sight will be tested in
    accordance with the following rules. The result of each test will be
    recorded:‐
    (i) General: ‐ The candidate’s eye will be subjected to
    a general examination directed to the detection of any disease or
    abnormality. The candidate will be rejected if he suffers from any
    squint or morbid conditions of eyes, eye‐lids or contiguous structures
    of such a sort as to render or likely at a future date to render him unfit
    for service.
    (ii) Visual Activity:‐ The examination for determining
    the acuteness of vision includes two tests, one for distant, the other
    for near vision. Each eye will be examined separately.
    There shall be no limit for minimum naked eye vision but
    the naked eye vision of the candidates shall, however, be recorded by
    the Medical Board or Medical authority in every case, as it will furnish
    the basic information in regard to the condition of the eye.
    The standards for distant and near vision or without
    glasses shall be as follows:‐
    Distant vision Near vision
    __________________________________________________ _______
    Better eye Worse eye Better eye Worse eye
    6/9 6/9 Sn 0 6 Sn. 0
    or
    6/6 6/12
    Note: ‐ (1) Total amount of Myopia (including the cylinder) shall not
    exceed 8.00 D in each eye. Total Hypermetropia shall not
    exceed + 6.00 D in each eye
    (2) Fundus Examination:‐ Wherever possible, fundus
    examination will be carried out at the discretion of the
    Medical Board and results recorded.
    169
    (3) Colour Vision: ‐ Colour perception should be graded into
    a higher and a lower grade depending upon the size of
    the aperture in the lantern as described in the table
    below:‐
    Grade Higher Grade of Lower Grade
    Colour perception of Colour
    perception
    _________________ _______________ ________
    1. Distance between the lambs
    Candidate. 4.9 meters 4.9 meters
    2. Size of aperture 1.8 mm 1.8 mm
    3. Time of exposure 5 sec. 5 sec.
    (iii) Satisfactory colour vision constitutes recognition with ease
    and without hesitation of signal red, signal green and white colours.
    The use of Ishihara’s Plates, shown in good light and suitable lantern
    like Edrige green’s shall be considered quite dependable for testing
    colour vision. In doubtful cases, where a candidate fails to qualify
    when tested by only one of the two tests, both the tests should be
    employed.
    (4) Field of Vision. The field of vision shall be tested in
    respect of all services by the confrontation method. Where such test
    gives unsatisfactory or doubtful results, the field of vision should be
    determined on the perimeter.
    (5) Night Blindness: ‐ Night blindness need not be tested as a
    routine but only in special cases. No standard test for the testing of
    night blindness or dark adaptation is prescribed. The medical board
    should be given the discretion to improvise such rough tests, e.g.
    recording the visual acuity with reduced illumination or by making the
    candidate recognize various objects in a darkened room after he/she
    has been there for 20 to 30 minutes. Candidate’s own statements
    should not always be relied upon but they should be given due
    consideration.
    (6) Ocular conditions other than visual activity:‐
    170
    (a) Any organic disease or a progressive refractive error
    which is likely to result in lowering the visual activity should be
    considered as a disqualification.
    (b) Trachoma:‐ Trachoma unless complicated shall not
    ordinarily be a cause for disqualification.
    (c) One‐eyed persons:‐ The employment of one eyed
    individuals is not recommended.
    (7) Blood pressure:‐ The Board will use its discretion
    regarding Blood Pressure. A rough method of calculating normal
    maximum systolic pressure is as follows:‐
    (i) With young subjects 15‐25 years of age the average is
    about 100 plus the age.
    (ii) With subjects over 25 years of age the general rule of 110
    plus half the age seems quite satisfactory.
    N.B.:‐ As a rule any systolic pressure over 140 mm. and diastolic
    over 90 mm. should be regarded as suspicious and the candidate
    should be hospitalized by the Board before giving their final opinion
    regarding the candidate’s fitness or otherwise. The hospitalization
    report should indicate whether the rise in Blood pressure is of a
    transient nature due to excitement etc. or whether it is due to any
    organic disease. In all such cases X‐Ray and electrocardiographic
    examinations of heart and blood urea clearance test should also be
    done as a routine. The final decision as to the fitness or otherwise of a
    candidate will, however, rest with the medical board only.
    Method of taking Blood Pressure.
    The mercury manometer type of instrument should be
    used as a rule. The measurement should not be taken within fifteen
    minutes of any exercise of excitement. Provided the patient and
    particularly his arm is relaxed, he may be either lying or sitting. The
    arm is supported comfortably at the patient’s side in a more or less
    horizontal position. The arm should be free from the clothes to the
    171
    shoulder. The cuff completely deflated should be applied with the
    middle of the rubber over the inner side of the arm, and its lower
    edge an inch or two above the bend of the elbow. The following turns
    of cloth bandage should spread evenly over the bag to avoid bulging
    during inflation.
    The brachial artery is located by palpitation at the bend
    of the elbow and the stethoscope is then applied lightly and centrally
    over it below, but not in contact with the cuff. The cuff is inflated to
    above 200 mm. Hg. and then slowly deflated. The level at which the
    column stands when soft successive sounds are heard represents the
    Systolic Pressure. When more air is allowed to escape the sounds will
    be heard to increase in intensity. The level at which the well‐heard
    clear sound change to soft muffled fading sounds represents the
    diastolic pressure. The measurements should be taken in a fairly brief
    period of time as prolonged pressure of the cuff is irritating to the
    patient and will vitiate the readings. Re‐checking, if necessary, should
    be done only a few minutes after complete deflation of the cuff.
    Sometime as the cuff is deflated, sounds are heard at a certain level;
    they may disappear as pressure falls and re‐appears at a still lower
    level. This “Silent gap” may cause error in reading.
    8. The urine (passed in presence of the examiner) should be
    examined and the results recorded. Where a Medical Board finds
    sugar present in a candidate’s urine by the usual chemical tests, the
    Board will proceed with the examination with all its other aspects and
    will also specially note any signs or symptoms suggestive of diabetes.
    If except for the glycosauria the Board finds the candidate conforms
    to the standard of medical fitness required, they may pass the
    candidate. “fit subject to the glycosauria being non‐diabetic” and the
    Board will refer the case to a specified specialist in Medicine who has
    hospital and laboratory facilities at his disposal . The Medical
    Specialist will carry out whatever examinations clinical and laboratory
    he considers necessary including a standard blood sugar tolerance
    test and will submit his opinion to the Medical Board upon which the
    Medical Board will base its final opinion “fit” or “unfit”. The candidate
    will not be required to appear in person before the Board on the
    second occasion. To exclude the effects of medication it may be
    necessary to retain, a candidate for several days in hospital under
    strict supervision.
    172
    9. The following additional points should be observed:‐
    (a) that the candidate’s hearing in each ear is good and that
    there is no sign of disease of the ear. In case it is defective the
    candidate should be examined by the ear specialist. Provided that if
    the defect in hearing is remediable by operation or by use of a hearing
    aid a candidate cannot be declared unfit on that account provided
    he/she has no progressive disease in the ear;
    (b) that his/her speech is without impediment.
    (c) that his/her teeth, are in good order and that he/she is
    provided with denture where necessary for effective mastication (well
    filled teeth will be considered as sound);
    (d) that the chest is well formed and his chest expansion
    sufficient; and that his heart and lungs are sound;
    (e) that there is no evidence of any abdominal disease;
    (f) that he is not raptured;
    (g) that he does not suffer from hydrocele, a severe degree
    of varicocele, varicose venis or piles;
    (h) that his limbs, hands and feet are well formed and
    developed and that there is free and perfect motion of all his joints;
    (i) that he does not suffer from any inveterate skin disease;
    (j) that there is no congenital malformation or defect;
    (k) that he does not bear traces of acute or chronic disease
    pointing to an impaired constitution;
    (L) That he bears‐marks of efficient vaccination and
    (m) that he is free from communicable disease.
    173
    10. Radiographic examination of the chest should be done as
    a routine in all cases for detecting any abnormality of the heart and
    lungs, which may not be apparent by ordinary physical examination.
    11. When any defect is found it must be noted in the
    certificate and the medical examiner should state his opinion whether
    or not it is likely to interfere with the efficient performance of the
    duties which will be required of the candidate.
    NOTE: ‐ Candidates are warned that there is no right of appeal
    from a Medical Board, special or standing, appointed to determine
    their fitness for the above service. If however, Government are
    satisfied on the evidence produced before them of the possibility of
    an error of judgment in the decision of the First Board, it is open to
    Government to allow an appeal to a second Board. Such evidence
    should be submitted within one month of the date of the
    communication in which the decision of the first Medical Board is
    communicated to the candidate, otherwise no request for an appeal
    to a second Medical Board, will be considered.
    If any medical certificate is produced by a candidate as a piece
    of evidence about the possibility of an error of judgment in the
    decision of the First Board, the certificate will not be taken into
    consideration unless it contains a note by the medical practitioner
    concerned to the effect that it has been given in full knowledge of the
    fact that the candidate has already been rejected as unfit for service
    by the Medical Board.
    MEDICAL BOARD’S REPORT
    The following intimation is made for the guidance of the
    Medical Examiner:‐
    1. The standard of physical fitness to be adopted should make on
    due allowance for the age and length of service, if any, of the
    candidate concerned.
    No person will be deemed qualified for admission to the Public
    Service who shall not satisfy the appointing authority, as the case may
    174
    be that he has no disease, constitutional affection, or bodily infirmity
    unfitting him, or likely to unfit him for that service
    It should be understood that the question of fitness involves
    the future as well as the present and that one of the main objects of
    medical examination is to secure continuous effective service, and in
    the case of candidates for permanent appointment to prevent early
    pension or payments in case of premature death. It is at the same
    time to be noted that the question is one of the likelihood of
    continuous effective service, and that rejection of a candidate need
    not be advised on account of the presence of a defect which is only a
    small proportion of cases is found to interfere with continuous
    effective service.
    A lady doctor will be co‐opted as a member of the Medical
    Board whenever a woman candidate is to be examined.
    The report of the Medical Board should be treated as
    confidential.
    In case where a candidate is declared unfit for appointment in
    the Government Service the grounds for rejection may be
    communicated to the candidate in broad terms without giving minute
    details regarding the defect pointed out by the Medical Board.
    In case where a Medical Board considers that a minor disability
    disqualifying a candidate for Government Service can be cured by
    treatment (medical or surgical) a statement to that effect should be
    recorded by the Medical Board. There is no objection to a candidate
    being informed of the Board’s opinion to this effect by the appointing
    authority and when a cure has been effected it will be open to the
    authority concerned to ask for another Medical Board.
    In the case of candidates who are to be declared “Temporarily
    Unfit” the period specified for re‐examination should not ordinarily
    exceed six months at the maximum. On re‐examination after the
    specified period these candidates should not be declared temporarily
    unfit for a further period but a final decision in regard to their fitness
    for appointment or otherwise should be given.
    175
    (a) Candidate’s statement and declaration:
    The candidate must take the statement required below prior to
    his Medical Examination and must sign the Declaration appended
    thereto. His attention is specially directed to the warning contained in
    the Note below : ‐
    1. State your name in full …………………
    (in block letters)
    2. State your age and birth place ………………….
    3. (a) have you ever had small‐pox,
    intermittent or any other fever,
    enlargement or suppuration of
    glands, spitting of blood, asthma
    heart disease, lung disease,
    fainting attacks, rheumatism,
    appendicitis? ……………………..
    (b) any other disease or accident
    requiring confinement to bed and
    medical or surgical treatment ? …………………….
    4. When were you last vaccinated? …………………….
    5. Have you or any of your
    near relations been afflicted
    with consumption, scrofula, gout,
    asthma, fits, epilepsy, or insanity ? …………………
    6. Have you suffered from any form
    of nervousness due to over‐work
    or any other cause ? ……………………..
    7. Furnish the following particulars
    concerning your family:‐
    __________________________________________________ _______
    Father’s age if Father’s age at No.of brothers No.of brothers
    Living & state death and cause living their age dead their age,
    of health. of death. and state of at and cause of
    Health. death.
    176
    __________________________________________________ _______
    Mother’s age if Mother’s age at No. of Sisters No. of Sisters
    Living & state death and cause living, their age dead, their
    of health. of death. and state of age at and
    health cause of
    death.
    8. Have you been examined by a
    Medical Board before? ………………….
    9. If answer to the above is yes,
    please state what service/services you
    were examined for ? …………………..
    10. Who was the examining authority ? ……………………
    11. When and where was the Medical
    Board held ? …………………..
    12. Result of the Medical Board’s Examination
    if communicated to you or if known ? ………………….
    I declare all the above answers to be, to the best of my belief,
    true and correct.
    Candidate’s Signature……………………
    Signed in my presence.
    Signature of the Chairman of the Board.
    Note:‐ The candidate will be held responsible for the accuracy
    of the above statement. By willfully suppressing any information he
    will incur the risk of losing the appointment and, if appointed, of
    forfeiting all claims to Superannuation Allowance or Gratuity.
    177
    (b) Report of Medical Board on (name of candidate) physical
    examination.
    1. General development:‐ Good……….Fair…………….
    Poor………………………
    Nutrition: Thin…………..Average……………Obese………..
    Height (Without shoes)……………Weight…………….
    Best Weight………………………………Any recent change
    in weight …………………………………….Temperature………….
    Girth of Chest:‐
    (1) (After full inspection)
    (2) (After full expiration)
    2. Skin: Any obvious disease ………………….
    3. Eyes:‐
    (1) Any disease …………………..
    (2) Night blindness …………………..
    (3) Defect in colour vision ………………….
    (4) Field of vision ………………….
    (5)Visual acuity …………………
    Acuity of vision Naked eye With glasses Strength of glass
    Sph. Cyl. Axix
    __________________________________________________ _______
    Distant Vision RE
    LE
    Near Vision RE
    LE
    Hypermetropia (Manifest) RE/LE
    4. Ears Inspection…………..Hearing Right Ear………………..
    Left Ear………………..
    5. Glands……………………Thyroid…………………
    6. Condition of teeth………………
    178
    7. Respiratory System:‐ Does physical examination reveal
    anything abnormal in the respiratory organs ? If yes,
    explain fully………………………..
    8. Circulatory System:‐
    (a) Heart : Any organic lesions ? ……………. Rate
    Standing………………
    (After hopping 25 times…………………………..
    2 minutes after hopping…………………………..
    (b) Blood Pressure: Systolic……………….Diastolic……………
    9. Abdomen: Girth………………….Tenderness……….
    Hernia………………………………..
    (a) Palpable : Liver……………Spleen…………….
    Kidneys……………………Tumours…………..
    (b) Hemorrhoids……………….Fistula…………….
    10. Nervous system: Indication of nervous or mental
    disabilities.
    11. Loco‐Motor System: Any abnormality………………….
    12. Genito Urinary System: Any evidence of Hyderocele,
    Variocele etc.
    Urine Analysis:‐
    (a) Physical appearance.
    (b) Sp. Gr……………
    (c) Albumen………….
    (d) Sugar………………
    (e) Castes………………..
    (f) Cells………………..
    13. Report of X‐Ray Examination of Chest.
    179
    14. Is there anything in the health of the candidate likely to
    render him unfit for the efficient discharge of his duties in
    the service for which he is a candidate……………………
    Note:‐ The Board should record their findings under one of the
    following three categories:‐
    (i) Fit.
    (ii) Unfit on account of ………………….
    (iii) Temporary unfit on account of ………………
    Place……………………….Chairman…………………..
    Member…………………..
    Dated………………………………………………. Member………………….

  3. #3
    kalyani199125 is offline Senior Member
    Join Date
    Oct 2011
    Posts
    325

    Re: Age limit for reserved categories for appointment in Jammu and Kashmir?

    All over the india age limit is same for reservation candidates.The reservation candidates are divide into two different categories like OBC,SC,ST candidates.
    1.For OBC candidates 3 percentage reservation in jobs that means upto 33 years age.
    2.For SC,ST candidates 5 percentage reservation that means upto 35 years.
    For searching jobs visit the website www.freshersworld.com

  4. #4
    kiranmai_1 is offline Junior Member
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Posts
    71

    Re: Age limit for reserved categories for appointment in Jammu and Kashmir?

    Hi,

    The age limit for government jobs depends on the type of post you are applying in general the age limit for government post are from 18 to 27

    Bye

  5. #5
    kumarranjith is offline Junior Member
    Join Date
    Feb 2012
    Posts
    217

    Re: Age limit for reserved categories for appointment in Jammu and Kashmir?

    Hai,.
    You did not mention in which governmment sector you want to get the job, if you specify the type of job then iam providing you the details.

    The maximum age limit is for general 30years, the relaxation for reservation candidates as per government rules.

    All the best.

+ Reply to Thread

Quick Reply Any Question?

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 7
    Last Post: 2nd May 2012, 07:20 PM