There has been a growing trend in India in recent times, which involve that the people in general are more inclined towards the jobs in public sector. While analyzing the reasons behind that we can observe it is the security factor of getting /being in a good job that leads to such a decision. Apart from that, there are other benefits such as pension, allowances and salary which makes a job under the government more preferable by the people irrespective of the field or category which they belong to.
To get into a good job is the dream of every individual. Keeping in mind these ,the GOI every year releases ample opportunities in al most every field .In normal terminology the jobs in Government sector is divided in to two types –
- Central government jobs –which include departments like Railways, IT department, Judiciary, Civil supplies etc.
- State government jobs – which include departments baking & other financial institutions, educational institutions etc.
Benefits of a Government job
There are numerous benefits of a government job in terms of emoluments, medical facilities, loan facilities, gratuity, bonus, PF etc. The benefits in state government are based on the general rules & regulations prevailing in those particular sectors.
The various benefits involved in government jobs are-
- Monthly salary + Dearness Allowance + House Rent allowance
- Gratuity which means (15days salary every year)
- Retirement benefits such as Pension, PF, salary arrears, Insurance if any.
Types of Government Jobs
Let’s observe the various types of government jobs sector wise-
- Banking jobs – There are various jobs available in this field. Nowadays numerous vacancies are available for PO, clerks and other posts in various banks where the selection criterion is based on competitive written test and interview.
- Hospital /Medical jobs – which include nursing, pharmaceutical jobs, biotech jobs, physician jobs etc.
- Engineering jobs – where in numerous opportunities are available in government run organizations such as ISRO , BHEL , ONGC etc as well as in other field
- Defence jobs – Various positions are vacant in different departments such as Navy, Army and Air force in different managerial and subordinate ranks.
- Management jobs – which include jobs in the field of HR, Marketing etc in large government run concerns and other MNCs.
- Police jobs – which involve entry through exams conducted and training, are imparted on clearing the tests.
- Academics /Teaching jobs – which involve opportunities in government, run schools/colleges/universities such as IIT, IIM etc
- IT jobs – where in this sector is booming numerous vacancies are open in this field.
- Judicial jobs – available in different high courts and other subordinate courts in India.
- Civil Aviation jobs – Numerous vacancies in aviation sector in government run airlines etc.
The above mentioned list is only an overview about the major government jobs .Apart from these, some of the other government jobs available are –
- Insurance jobs
- Civil Service jobs
- Telecom jobs
- Research jobs
- Manufacturing jobs
- Media /Journalism jobs
- Travel & Tourism jobs
- NGO jobs
- Consultancy and Call centre jobs
- Agriculture jobs
- Aerospace jobs
The government of India has introduced a quota system for all government jobs in public/ private sector enterprises in order to mitigate backwardness of various socially & educationally backward communities( such as SC/ST/OBC /PH etc) who donot have enough representations in the society.
Government jobs are nowadays regarded as a Bullet proof for a family .Because in a sense these give safety & security, and other benefits to the family. Another fact is that it is not easy to get a government job even though many vacancies are available in different field. It is through written tests and interview candidates are selected for these jobs.
There is a need for luck too along with intelligence and ability to clear the exams and assume a government job. The craze for government job still continues in spite of many MNCs in India offering numerous benefits too to attract candidates. And in coming years this trend if continues will help in the economic development of the country as a whole.